Sovereignty

Sovereignty

Length: 593 words (1.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓

“…sovereignty is like virginity: once you engage in intercourse with the outside world you have lost it.” - Jagdish Bhagwati



Our global society presents great opportunities, but also many obstacles, to the improvement of the human condition. International interdependence, about which so much is written and talked these days, can amount to the opening up of new worlds, but it can also mean the infliction of suffering by one nation on others. The state has become too big for the small things, and too small for the big things.

Under the present system there are gains to uncoordinated action. It pays any one country to put up protectionist barriers, whether others do so or not; to build up its arms promises security to any one country, whether others do so or not; any one country can to its advantage pollute the common air and the oceans, whether others do so or not. It pays any one country to attract capital from abroad by tax incentives, whether others do so or not, thereby eroding the tax basis. These ultimately self-damaging and possibly self-destructive actions can be avoided, in the absence of self-restraint, only by either a dominant world power imposing the restraints, or by co-operation, or by delegation of some powers to a transnational authority, with the power to enforce restraint.



Some Examples with Global Interdependence are:

1. My country does not contribute while others do. (Free rider, defection.)

2. My country contributes together with others. (Co-operation or enforcement.)

3. No country contributes. (Prisoners' Dilemma outcome.)

4. My country contributes while no other country does.



     Behavior by each according to 1, or the fear of 4, leads to outcome 3. Although 2 is preferred to 3, we end up with 3, unless either rewards and penalties, or autonomous co-operative motivations induce or force countries to 2. Incentives and expectations must be such as to rule out outcomes 4 and 1, so that if I (or you) contribute, I (or you) will not end up a sucker. In the absence of such motivations, the result is that peace, monetary stability, absence of inflation, expansion of output and employment, an open world economy, environmental protection, debt relief, raw material conservation, poverty reduction and world development will be undersupplied.

Examples of such dilemmas on the global scale are everywhere. Above all there is the arms race, which, though we have so far avoided a major nuclear

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Sovereignty." 123HelpMe.com. 21 Jul 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=52604>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Sovereignty Of Indian Sovereignty

- Indian Sovereignty begins defining the word sovereignty which is a strenuous word to define due to not being touched and has changed over the years. But you may see it through exercising the sovereign powers. The word sovereignty began in Europe with the superior power who was the King they exercised sovereignty with working with their ruler. John Locke and Jacques Rousseau both help develop, define what sovereignty means which John said it comes from the people and Jacques says it comes from the agreement among the people of a nation....   [tags: Native Americans in the United States]

Research Papers
1575 words (4.5 pages)

The Sovereignty Of The Nation Essay

- Sovereignty has a much broader definition and has changed over the years which is the ultimate power coming from the people and that power can’t be taken away or separated. The word sovereignty came from western theory of Europe and derives from god and the king who were the rulers. John Locke and Jacques Rousseau both help develop define what sovereignty means which John said it comes from the people and Jacques says it comes from the agreement among the people of a nation. Next Sovereignty is never completely independent due to the fact that a strong Nation relies on one another to attain the goal of independence....   [tags: Native Americans in the United States]

Research Papers
1289 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Parliamentary Sovereignty

- Cases on the foundations of a constitutional order, such as parliamentary sovereignty tend to be rare in any event. But what makes R (Jackson) v. Attorney General [2005] U.K.HL. 56; [2006] 1 A.C. 262 The discussions of the central issues in the case are in many ways constitutionally orthodox, treating the issues primarily as that of statutory interpretation and adopting a literal interpretation of the 1911 Act. By contrast, the discussion of the wider issues suggest that there may be The concept of parliamentary sovereignty could now be considered an ideology in the eyes of the legislature, as the practical significance of modern day sovereignty is far from that of the theory....   [tags: Government]

Research Papers
1293 words (3.7 pages)

Native Sovereignty Essay

- July 11th 1990, marked the beginning date of the Oka Crisis in Quebec Canada. It lasted until September 26th 1990 resulting in one fatality of a local police officer. The violent clash was triggered by something as simple as a golf course extension and as complicated as native burial traditions. It had drawn world attention, catapulting native land rights into the mix. The Oka Crisis is just one of many conflicts between the Aboriginals and the Canadian government. A major issue that has been of much debate in the 20th century has been Native sovereignty....   [tags: International Politics ]

Research Papers
1054 words (3 pages)

Essay about Parliamentary Sovereignty

- Parliamentary sovereignty has traditionally been the cornerstone and leading authority of the UK’s unwritten constitution related to all tenets of legality. Whilst parliamentary sovereignty remains a supreme and guiding constitutional principle, its power is no longer absolute as a result of the UK’s membership in the European Union, the creation of the European Communities Act 1972 and devolution settlements. The repercussions of these changes have not only resulted in various controversial cases such as Factortame, but have in addition led to a dynamic change in the relationship between the judiciary and Parliament....   [tags: United Kingdom, Constitution, Parliament]

Research Papers
1214 words (3.5 pages)

Essay Sovereignty

- Sovereignty Sovereignty refers to ultimate and absolute authority designated to either an individual or an institutional body. The term sovereignty could be contested due to the fact that there is no universally agreed definition. Thomas Hobbes defined what he considered the basis of a political body as 'the most high and perpetual.' (Hobbes, quoted in Heywood, 1997, p26.) This view has proved rather simplistic. It fails to take into consideration the limitations on the sovereign....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
697 words (2 pages)

Sovereignty Essay

- SOVEREIGNTY Sovereignty first was highlighted in the writings of Mathews Hobbs (England 17th century) which was based on the writings of Jeams Bodin (France 16th century). Both Jeams Bodin and Mathews Hobbs were living in the era of conflicts. In England power was divided between King and Parliament and both were striving for maximum power. Similarly in France there were religious conflicts. ==► Both defined SOVEREIGNTY as the state would be sovereign state if it has Autonomy and Independence i.e....   [tags: Political Science]

Free Essays
711 words (2 pages)

Sovereignty Essays

- “…sovereignty is like virginity: once you engage in intercourse with the outside world you have lost it.” - Jagdish Bhagwati Our global society presents great opportunities, but also many obstacles, to the improvement of the human condition. International interdependence, about which so much is written and talked these days, can amount to the opening up of new worlds, but it can also mean the infliction of suffering by one nation on others. The state has become too big for the small things, and too small for the big things....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
593 words (1.7 pages)

Native Sovereignty Essay

- Native Sovereignty In the following assignment, I will discuss the issue of native sovereignty in Canada, and address the question; "Can native sovereignty coexist with Canadian sovereignty?" To answer this question I will summarize two articles that discuss the issue. The first by John A. Olthius and Roger Townshend entitled "The Case for Native Sovereignty", and the second, by Thomas Flanagan, entitled "Native Sovereignty: Does Anyone Really want an Aboriginal Archipelago?" I will be taking the position against the coexistence of native sovereignty with Canadian sovereignty....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
1082 words (3.1 pages)

Consumer Sovereignty Essay

- Consumer Sovereignty Consumer sovereignty is the determination by consumers, of the types and quantities of goods and services produced by the economy. But in today’s society, does this “sovereignty” actually exist. In agreeing with John Kenneth Galbraith, I think not. I say this simply because in today’s world, advertising plays such a large role in the everyday lives of consumers. The concept of advertising is simple: It’s central function is to create desires. And in creating these desires, the sovereignty that consumers once had the luxury of enjoying is taken away....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
372 words (1.1 pages)

Related Searches

war, has contributed to hundreds of minor wars, mostly in the Third World; then there is competitive protectionism, through which each country casts its employment problem onto others; competitive exchange rates movements, by which unemployment or inflation are exported; research and development wars; investment wars; competitive tax concessions; environmental pollution; the killing of whales, the depletion of ocean reserves, and the debt crisis. These are only some of the areas in which these battles are now being fought.

     To avoid these traps, co-ordination, delegation and enforcement of policies are needed. They are needed not in order to impose an external will on unwilling subjects, but in order to realize the objectives of the states themselves, not pursued by counter-productive actions. But co-ordination means that each country has to do things it does not want to do. The U.S. has to balance its budget in order to lower world interest rates but does not wish to raise taxes; Germany has to grow faster, but she does not want to attract guest workers from Turkey and Yugoslavia; Japan should import more, but she does not want to hurt her domestic industries. And so on.

Return to 123HelpMe.com