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Remarque, Erich Maria. All Quiet On The Wester Front.
Fawcett Crest; New York. 1958
Glaser, Rollin O. All Quiet On The Western Front Notes.
Cliffs Notes, Inc.; Lincoln, Nebraska. 1990
Erich Maria Remarque
Erich Maria Remarque was born in Osnabrück, Westphalia, Germany on June 22, 1898. Being that his father was a book binder by trade, Erich was brought up in a fairly poor household. That did not stop him from receiving a wonderful education at his local “gymnasium'; (equivalent to an elementary school), then proceeding onto the University of Münster. While attending there, he was drafted in to the German Army at a mere 18 years of age.
He was wounded five times, then released. After returning home, he had a plethora of jobs including: a school master, a tombstone salesman, and even joined a “Gypsy caravan';. His searching for a profession then came to an end when he started writing articles for a Swedish car magazine. He became very well known in the areas of car racing and auto mechanics. He then used his literary skills to write novels that branched from his own personal reflections and experiences. He wrote several best-sellers including: All Quiet On The Western Front, Arch of Triumph, and The Black Obelisk.
Plot Summery Of: All Quiet On The Western Front
All Quiet On The Western Front is a record of seven school chums that all enlist in the German Army after being urged by their school master Kantorek. These poor youth are forced to endure the debilitating effects of World War I, and represent the generation of men that were torn from youthfulness and serenity to face a world of survival horror. They become remnants of Europe’s degenerate youth from that time period. Over the period of years, they are slowly killed off, their once bright and cheerful youthfulness has been ripped from their beings, replaced with listlessness and hardened souls.
The story is told in first person by a young man named, Paul Bäumer. He is a very kind and sensitive lad, that wants to make a difference in the world. He has a hard time seeing how fighting against fellow man will make any sort of difference in the world. “He holds fast to a single vow: to fight against the principle of hate that meaninglessly pits young men of the same generation but different uniforms against each other..'; (Remarque, cover)
Theme: A Broken And Sorrowful Youth
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...This statement was made by Paul Bäumer while lying in bed with his shattered leg in a Catholic Hospital. The idea of a broken and tainted childhood; the impending “loss'; of an entire young generation of European males was the underlying theme throughout the book. No matter where the young lads turned to, all there was to see was a vast expanse of death and destruction.
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These were all ideas and opinions that were expressed openly, and with much regret, throughout the course of the novel. Paul was constantly plagued with a guilty conscience about such ludicrous, fatal ravishing of human life. He knew that it was a necessity in order to spare his own, but he found it hard to get over the fact that he was crushing someone else’s right to a happy and fulfilling life. As he let himself be demoralized, and all-around desensitized about the right to life, by witnessing the horrid and realities of war, he felt his once innocent and fruitful existence of his past...slip through his fingers. Little by little, bit by bit, his sensitivity was hardened by reality. He felt that there was no hope in recovering to a normal life after the meaningless bloodshed was over.
“The men that emerged from the trenches were marked for life by deep, irreparable psychic wounds. For these young disillusioned, the world could never again hold the same innocence it had when the century was just beginning.'; (Glaser, 13)