Affirmative Action In Seattle

Affirmative Action In Seattle

Length: 1058 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Affirmative Action in Seattle

Present efforts to repeal affirmative action are based on several general
misconceptions. One is that our society, having reached a point of true equality,
no longer needs programs that help government recruit and hire qualified women,
people of color, and persons with disabilities. Unfortunately, there is abundant
evidence -- from Census Bureau data and academic studies, to news accounts and
everyday experiences -- that we still have a long way to go to achieve equality
of opportunity for all social groups.

Another misconception is that affirmative action is based on quotas, and
that, as a result, the government is hiring unqualified candidates. This view
fundamentally misrepresents the reality of affirmative action in the City of
Seattle. The City's affirmative action program does not establish numerical
quotas for hiring decisions, nor does it result in the hiring of unqualified
candidates on the basis of gender or race.

What the City of Seattle's affirmative action program does is very
simple: first, it gives City managers and personnel officers a snapshot of the
labor market, so that they are aware of the availability rates for different
groups for a given job classification. Through these availability rates, the
City can determine whether or not women, people of color, or persons with
disabilities are underrepresented in a given job classification within the work
force; second, the City's affirmative action program encourages managers and
personnel officers to make special outreach efforts into groups and communities
that are underrepresented in our work force, in order to increase the number of
qualified candidates in the potential hiring pool;

Third, the City's affirmative action program directs that when there are
two fully qualified candidates for a given position, preference should be given
to the candidate that will make our work force more reflective of the labor pool
and the broader community.

Still another misconception is that affirmative action fosters "reverse
discrimination" by giving minority candidates an unfair advantage over white
candidates. However, a recent statewide study of affirmative action practices
concluded that "whites are the primary beneficiaries of affirmative action
programs affecting hiring -- this includes large numbers of white men as well as
white women."

It is also important to note that once the work force of a certain job
classification within a particular City department reaches the point where it
reflects the diversity of the available labor pool, affirmative action efforts
are terminated for those job classifications. Affirmative action is only
utilized for job classifications where women, people of color, and persons with
disabilities are underrepresented within the work force.

This overall approach has served Seattle well. It has provided a

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Affirmative Action In Seattle." 25 Sep 2018

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

affirmative action Essay

- Affirmative action is an attempt by the United States to amend a long history of racial discrimination and injustice. Our school textbook defines affirmative action as “a program established that attempts to improve the chances of minority applicants for educational or employment purposes, although they may have the same qualifications, by giving them leverage so that they can attain a level that is equal to caucasian applicants” (Berman 522). There are people that support and oppose this issue....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Research Papers
1823 words (5.2 pages)

Affermative Action Essay

- Affirmative Action Affirmative Action efforts were started in 1964 to end the long history of overlooking qualified people of color and women from higher education. Affirmative Action sets standards for a business or office of admissions, so that a white man does not have the upper-hand over an equally or greater educated minority. The initial way the government tried to justify Affirmative Action was to develop a human resource approach: first identifying the problem, which is racism then establishing the solution (Phillips 67)....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Research Papers
1273 words (3.6 pages)

Affirmative Action Essay

- Affirmative Action Affirmative action is a deliberate effort to provide full and equal opportunities in employment, education, and other areas for women, minorities, and individuals belonging to other traditionally disadvantaged groups. As an issue of today's society, affirmative action requires corporations, universities and other organizations to establish programs designed to ensure that all applicants are treated fairly. It also places a burden of proof on the providers of opportunities; to some degree, the providers must be able to demonstrate that their granting of opportunities to white males is not discriminatory....   [tags: Affirmative Action]

Research Papers
1138 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Affirmative Action

- Affirmative action caught in tale of the two cities of Boston, Massachusetts and Denver, Colorado. Since the late 1980s, race and sex-based contracting preference programs in the U.S. cities have faced significant challenges in the courts (Rubin). On February 7th, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino announced his plan to eliminate a 15 year old program that required bidders on city construction contracts to subcontract 15% of work to minority-owned business enterprises and 5% to women-owned firms (Rubin)....   [tags: Affirmative Action]

Free Essays
870 words (2.5 pages)

Affirmitive Action Essay

- Affirmative Action is the name given to programs that try to correct past and ongoing discriminations against women, racial minorities, and others in the work force and in education. The principal goal of Affirmative Action is to create more diversity and equal opportunities in jobs or schools that used to be all or mostly male, white, or both. Affirmative Action programs have been in place only a little over thirty years. Affirmative action works. There are thousands of examples of situations where people of color, and white women who were previously excluded from jobs or educational opportunities, or were denied opportunities once admitted, have gained access through affirmative action....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Research Papers
1091 words (3.1 pages)

Affirmative Action Essay

- Affirmative action- a plan to offset past discrimination in employing or educating women, blacks etc. (Websters New World Dictionary.) The history of affirmative action has its roots in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and stems from the United States Supreme case of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas. In 1965, President Linden B. Johnson issued Executive Order #11246 at Howard University that required federal contractors to undertake affirmative action to increase the number of minorities that they employ....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Research Papers
782 words (2.2 pages)

Affirmative Action Essay

- Though Affirmative Action is a current controversial issue, it is far from new; its decree has been long in the making. Perhaps it originates from amendments 13-15, the series of amendments that outlawed slavery, guaranteed equal protection under the law, and forbid racial discrimination when voting, respectively (Sykes 1). The Supreme Court’s decision in 1896, in the case of Plessy V. Ferguson, mandated separate but equal treatment for African Americans (Sykes 1). However, in 1954, the Supreme Court’s decision from Brown v....   [tags: Government Affirmative Action Essays]

Research Papers
3550 words (10.1 pages)

Essay on Affirmative Action

- Affirmative action, is it still needed in this day and age. Has it accomplished what it was supposed to. Many people say that if America concentrated on programs that provided assistance to the most needy then they would have the opportunities that affirmative action is trying to provide. By going into the ghettos of our cities and stimulating business, thereby, promoting economic growth, the disenfranchised will reap the benefits. Have they been reaping the benefits of affirmation action. As a nation devoted to equality, the United States must do away with unproductive race-dividing policies....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Free Essays
2649 words (7.6 pages)

Essay on Affirmative Action

- There are thousands of examples of situations where people of color, white women, and working class women and men of all races who were previously excluded from jobs or educational opportunities, or were denied opportunities once admitted, have gained access through affirmative action. When these policies received executive branch and judicial support, vast numbers of people of color, white women and men have gained access they would not otherwise have had. These gains have led to very real changes....   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Free Essays
1304 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about Affirmative Action

- In 1997, three students were denied admission into the University of Michigan. Each of them, in turn, sued the school, charging them with discrimination. In one of the cases, a student was denied admission into Michigan’s law school. Chicago Sun-Times writers Dave Newbart and Kate Grossman reported that last Monday, June 23, 2003, in a 5-4 majority ruling, swing vote Justice Sandra Day O’Connor judged for the school maintaining their right to consider the race of their applicants. In a second decision, the court ruled that they supported the University’s use of race in their admissions policy, but use of a point system was unconstitutional under the fourteenth amendment (Equal Protection Cl...   [tags: Affirmative Action Essays]

Free Essays
1066 words (3 pages)

Related Searches

systematic framework that has opened employment opportunities to qualified
individuals who happen to be members of groups that have experienced long-
standing and persistent discrimination. A review of the City's work force
profiles since the Civil Rights Act of 1964 clearly illustrates the dramatic and
positive impact affirmative action has had on providing equal opportunities for
more women, people of color, and persons with disabilities.

For example, in 1970, white workers represented an overwhelming 92.1
percent of the City's overall work force, while African Americans, Asians,
Hispanics, and Native Americans combined represented only 7.9 percent of all
City employees. By 1980, the percentage of ethnic minority workers in the City
work force had risen to 20.1 percent, and by June, 1994, the percentage of
people of color in the City work force reached 31.6 percent.

Moreover, during the past five years, the percentage of top City
officials and administrators has increased for all minority groups. The
representation of top officials and administrators who are African American has
more than doubled over the past five years alone, rising from 8.2 percent to
16.6 percent. The representation of women among top officials and administrators
has risen by roughly 30 percent, from 28.2 percent to 36.3 percent.

Finally, the City has exceeded its procurement utilization target for
direct voucher and blanket contracts for Minority owned Business Enterprises
(MBE).The City is currently achieving 5.58 percent for MBE contracts, well above
the 5 percent target.

As a result of these accomplishments, the City of Seattle has been
recognized as a national leader and model in affirmative action, Equal
Employment Opportunity, and diversity. Most recently, in March, 1995, the City's
Cultural Diversity Program received the City Cultural Diversity Award from the
National Black Caucus of Local Elected Officials.

Despite these very positive accomplishments, there is still much to be
done. In certain job classifications, and for certain demographic groups, City
employment does not yet fully represent the diversity of the community and the
local labor pool. Indeed, women, people of color, and persons with disabilities
continue to be underrepresented within the City work force, and Women owned
Business Enterprises (WBE) currently receive only 4.47 percent of direct
vouchers and blanket contracts, far below the 12 percent target.

For this reason, we must continue to use affirmative action programs as a
means towards inclusion, eroding the very real barriers of bias that continue to
block many Seattle residents from reaching their full potential. Affirmative
action stands as a powerful symbol of our firm commitment to equal opportunity
for all. It also affirms the City's commitment to respect and value the many
talents, skills, and unique perspectives of the community's diverse population.

In today's society, there are two ways for a person to be included as
being accepted or tolerated. But the reasons that AFFIRMATIVE ACTION uses are
too narrow in their focus and only hurt those which it tries to help. Society
needs to rid the problem not increase the effects. For example, AFFIRMATIVE
ACTION simply makes up for past losses. The diversity of problems and necessary
reimbursements are too much for an American society to try to take on at a time
that the deficit is at an all time high. One more addition to the fire is just
too much. Since the passage of 1994 additions to the Civil Liberties Act, all
that the American society has been concerned with is the discrimination. The
problem that all Americans are ignoring, is the blatant fact that every issue in
favor of AFFIRMATIVE ACTION is based on a pat experience generally not
experienced by the person crying for assistance. The only good that comes with
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION is the good it has served, and now it has overstayed its
Return to