Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

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Abraham Lincoln On the stormy morning of Sunday,
February 12, Nancy Hanks Lincoln, wife of Thomas, gave
birth to a boy. He was born on a bed of poles covered
with corn husks. The baby was named Abraham after his
grandfather. In 1811 the Lincolns moved to a farm on
Knob Creek which was also near Hodgenville. In 1811 or
1812, Abraham's younger brother, Thomas, died in
infancy. Abraham spent a short amount of time in a log
schoolhouse. He began to learn his ABC's from a teacher
named Zachariah Riney. He attended school with his sister,
Sarah. Late in 1816 the Lincoln family moved to southern
Indiana and settled near present day Gentryville. A cabin
was constructed near Little Pigeon Creek. It measured 16
X 18 feet, and it had one window. Abraham's mother,
Nancy, passed away on October 5th, 1818, she died of
milk sickness. In 1819, Abraham would barrow books
from his neighbors to read. In 1821 Abraham attended
school taught by James Swaney for about 4 months. Also
in 1824 Abraham attended school taught by Azel Dorsey.
In 1827 Abraham's sister, Sarah died giving birth to her
son. In 1831, Lincoln decided to leave his family and go off
on his own. In July he moved to New Salem, Illinois, where
he boarded at Rutledge's tavern and became acquainted
with the owner's daughter, Ann. New Salem was a frontier
village consisting of one long street on a bluff over the
Sangamon River. On August 6th, 1832 Lincoln was
defeated while running for the Illinois State Legislature.
Lincoln began to operate a general store in New Salem
along with William F. Berry. Again, In 1834, Lincoln ran
for the Illinois State Legislature, but this time he was
elected. During the summer, John T. Stuart advised Lincoln
to study law. On December 1 he took his seat in state
government in Vandalia. In 1837 Lincoln, 28, was admitted
to the Illinois Bar on March 1, and he moved to Springfield
on April 15. He became a law partner of John Stuart and
lived with Joshua Speed. Lincoln now had income from a
law practice as well as a state legislator. November 4,1842
Lincoln married Mary Todd. The first son of the Lincolns,
Robert Todd, was born August 1, 1843 at the Globe
Tavern. In 1844 Abraham and Mary purchased a home
from Dr. Dresser in Springfield for $1500. It was located
at the corner of Eighth and Jackson. The family moved in
on May 2nd. In 1849 Lincoln failed in his attempt to be
appointed commissioner of the General Land Office, and
he returned to a full time law practice in Springfield as his

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term in the House of Representatives had expired on
March 4th. On March 7th he was admitted to practice law
before the United States Supreme Court. In 1850 Lincoln's
son, "Eddie," died on February 1. His third son, William
Wallace was born on December 21st. The fourth and last
son of the Lincolns, Thomas, was born on April 4th, 1853.
In 1858 Lincoln was nominated by the Republicans to run
for the U.S. Senate against Stephen Douglas. He gave his
famous "House Divided" speech. The Old State Capitol in
Springfield where Lincoln gave the House Divided speech.
During the summer, Lincoln and Douglas engaged in a
series of 7 debates throughout Illinois. On November 2nd
Douglas won the election. On May 18th, 1860 Lincoln was
nominated for President at the Republican National
Convention in Chicago. On November 6th Lincoln was
elected President over 3 opponents (Stephen Douglas,
John Breckinridge, and John Bell) winning 39% of the
popular vote but nearly 60% of the electoral vote. On
January 1st, 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation, which
freed the slaves in the rebelling areas, took effect. On
March 3rd Lincoln approved the first draft law in U.S.
history. In early July the Union won two major battles at
Gettysburg and Vicksburg. In 1864 Lincoln nominated
Ulysses S. Grant as the first full lieutenant general since
George Washington. Grant assumed his role as
General-in-Chief of Union armies. Lincoln received the
Republican nomination on June 8th to run for a 2nd term as
President. Andrew Johnson was his Vice-presidential
running mate. On November 8th he easily defeated
Democrat George B. McClellan in the Presidential election.
The Lincolns attended the play Our American Cousin at
Ford's Theater on April 14th, and Lincoln was shot by
John Wilkes Booth at about 10:15 P.M. The President
died the next morning at 7:22 A.M. He was 56 years old at
the time of his death. Andrew Johnson took the oath of
office as the 17th President on April 15th. On April 21st a
nine car funeral train that included 300 dignitaries left
Washington, DC and began a nearly 1700 mile journey
back to Springfield. In the afternoon of May 4th, Lincoln's
body was buried at Oak Ridge Cemetery.
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