Essay PreviewMore ↓
King's rise to national and international prominence began in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955. In that year, Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to obey a city ordinance that required African Americans to sit or stand at the back of municipal buses. The African American citizens of the city (one of the most thoroughly segregated in the South) organized a bus boycott in protest and asked King to serve as their leader. Thousands boycotted the buses for more than a year, and despite segregationist violence against them, King grounded their protests on his deeply held belief in nonviolence. In 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court ordered Montgomery to provide integrated seating on public buses.
In the following year, King and other African American ministers founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to carry forward the nonviolent struggle against segregation and legal discrimination. As protests grew, so did the unhappiness of King and his associates with the unwillingness of the president and Congress to support civil rights. The SCLC, therefore, organized massive demonstrations in Montgomery (King wrote "Letter from Birmingham Jail" during these demonstrations). With the civil rights movement now in the headlines almost every day, President Kennedy proposed to Congress a far-reaching civil rights bill.
On August 28, 1963, over 200,000 blacks and whites gathered at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., where King delivered his now famous speech, "I Have a Dream." In the following year, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibiting racial discrimination in public places and calling for equal opportunity in education and employment. In that year, King received the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1965, King and others organized a march to protest the blatant denial of African Americans' voting rights in Selma, Alabama, where the march began. Before the protesters were able to reach Birmingham, the state capital, they were attacked by police with tear gas and clubs.
How to Cite this Page
"A Biography on Martin Luther King Jr.." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Dec 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr Martin Luther King, Jr. was born January 15th, 1929, in Atlanta Georgia. His parents are Martin Luther King, Sr.and Alberta Williams King. His father was a prominent member of the blackcommunity in Atlanta and was a Baptist Minister. His family stressed the need of a firm education to lean back on. King attended a local, segregated public school and was dedicated to learn. At the age of 15, King attended Morehouse college and graduated in 1948. King continued his pursuit of knowledge at Croezer Theological Seminary and later graduatedwith honorsonly to further his education by getting a doctoral degree in systematic theology in 1955.During King's... [tags: MLK Martin Luther King Civil Rights]
557 words (1.6 pages)
- Biography of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Jan. 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968 Nationality: American Occupation: civil rights leader Occupation: minister (religion) Michael King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in the Atlanta home of his maternal grandfather, Adam Daniel Williams (1863 — 1931). He was the second child and the first son of Michael King Sr. (1897 — 1984) and Alberta Christine Williams King (1903 — 1974). Michael Jr. had an older sister, Willie Christine (b. 1927), and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams (b.... [tags: Martin Luther King Civil Rights Essays]
4066 words (11.6 pages)
- Biography of Martin Luther King The Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15,1929 (9). Martin Luther King Jr. began nursery school at the very young age of three years old in 1932 (5). After attending elementary school for one year Martin Luther King got expelled from school after his second grade teacher found out that he was only five years old which was a year too young to be in second grade in 1934 (5). The Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King Jr. began attending high school at the thirteen in 1942 (5).... [tags: Papers]
513 words (1.5 pages)
- Martin Luther King Jr. was a really big part of civil rights history. It all began when he was born onJanuary 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. His father Martin Luther King Sr. was a pastor in Atlanta, Georgia. His mother Alberta Williams King was a school teacher in Atlanta, Georgia. Many call Martin a gifted student. He was enrolled to Morehouse College at the age of 15. He was following his fathers and grandfathers footsteps to get very educated. The major he study was medicine and law. But one thing he didn’t want to do was become a pastor.... [tags: civil, rights, educate, goals, leader, group]
834 words (2.4 pages)
- A Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. "I have a dreamâ€¦" are the famous words stated by Martin Luther King Jr. on August 28th, 1963 in civil rights movement speech (King). Although King expressed his feelings on that summer day in 1963, his ideas directly reflect his life previous to the speech and have a huge impact on many people even today. Throughout his life, King devoted so much time to the civil rights movement due to his many limits by segregation laws as he was growing up, in addition to the many influences of both people and his religion throughout his life.... [tags: Papers]
1362 words (3.9 pages)
- Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was truly a man faced with adversity. King, an African American, was born in Atlanta, Georgia on January 15, 1929, a time and place in which African Americans were being severely discriminated against. However, he would prove to be the most influential people in history for Civil Rights. He entered Morehouse College at the age of 15, was ordained a Baptist minister at 17, graduated from Crozer Theological Seminary as class president at 22, married Coretta Scott in June 1953, at 24, and received a doctorate in systematic theology in 1955, at age 26.... [tags: Civil Rights]
295 words (0.8 pages)
- Biography of Martin Luther King Jr Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 to Alberta Williams, a school teacher, and Martin Luther King, a Baptist pastor. King became a minister at 17, and then went on to graduate from Crozer Theological School at 22, and then continued to study at Boston University. While studying King became highly interested in Christian activism, and improving society through non-violent means. His ideas were heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi .... [tags: Papers]
446 words (1.3 pages)
- “I’m going to turn this world upside down “said the young Martin Luther king Jr. (1). Martin Luther king Jr. had a dream and a promise that one day this world would be different and we will be free. That dream grew and grew until he let the world know. He was born in his family home in Atlanta on Tuesday January 15, 1929. Martin was the first son but he had a sister named Christine. His two parents were Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. When he was younger he could slug a baseball and sing hymen.... [tags: segregation policies, economic policies]
782 words (2.2 pages)
- Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) was born in Atlanta, Georgia, where his father was pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church. He attended public schools (skipping the ninth and twelfth grades) and entered Morehouse College in Atlanta. He was ordained as a Baptist minister just before his graduation in 1948. He then enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania and after earning a divinity degree there, attended graduate school at Boston University, where he earned a Ph.D. in theology in 1955.... [tags: essays research papers]
610 words (1.7 pages)
- Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. not only spoke with purpose but also with a style unlike any others. He was an inspirational speaker and a motivational leader. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., due to his importance in the civil rights movement of the 1950's and 1960's, motivated masses with his tremendous speeches and actions. Dr. King utilized his charisma and inspirational tactics to change the views and beliefs of a nation and to lead his people throughout their course of the civil rights movement.... [tags: Biography Biographies King Luther Essays]
2919 words (8.3 pages)
King remained committed to nonviolence, but his conviction that economic inequality, not just race, was one of the root causes of injustice led him to begin organizing a Poor People's Campaign that would unite all poor people in the struggle for justice. These views also led him to criticize the role played by the United States in the Vietnam War. The Poor People's Campaign took King to Memphis, Tennessee, to support a strike of African American sanitation workers, where on April 4, 1968, he was shot and killed while standing on the balcony of his hotel room. Riots immediately erupted in scores of cities across the nation. A few months later, Congress enacted the Civil Rights Act of 1968, banning discrimination in the sale and rental of housing.
King is the author of Stride toward Freedom (1958), dealing with the Montgomery bus boycott; Strength to Love (1953), a collection of sermons; and Why We Can't Wait (1964), a discussion of his general views on civil rights.