Economic History of Europe from Early 100s to Medieval

Economic History of Europe from Early 100s to Medieval

Length: 701 words (2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Economic History of Europe from Early 100s to Medieval

In the tenth century, Europe was coming out of a torment of invasion, plunder, and rapine, by enemies’ form all sides. They were from Scandinavia, the Norsemen or Vikings that pillaged and harassed everyone almost to Constantinople. They were also plagued by the Saracens from across the Mediterranean and from the Magyars from the east overland. But no one will submit to this kind of abuse forever. Europeans began to retaliate and counter the thrusts of their attackers, raising the price of aggression. Over the years the northern tribes and Hungarian invaders gave up, settled down and domesticated. This end form danger launched Europe on the path for development and growth.

Western Aristocracy, however, did not foster the idea of a successful, efficient economy. The Aristocratic empires squeezed al they could out of what they had instead of looking for new ways to make more. They pressed and oppressed harder. These societies had no initiative and could not operate in terms of productivity. The medieval period that followed was considered a transitional society. These nomadic communities kept in constant motion mad nothing so special or valuable as to cause issues of ownership or other ambitions to power. In the centuries that followed authority began to weaken. The tradition of election passed on to hereditary rule, but the old customs and appearances also faded away and the ruler, even when designated at birth was formally elected. His power was weakening and some seeked to restore the empire that had once been. At this point the basis of economy in Europe was private property what could be held, defended, and conquered.

As communication and transportation came into people’s lives the contest for power in European societies gave rise to semi-autonomous city, or an organized commune. But nothing like the commune appeared outside Western Europe. The commune had a primary economic function to be a government of the merchants, by the merchants, and for the merchants. Also it functioned in its ability to grant social status and political rights on its residents, rights that are crucial to the conduct of business and to freedom from outside interference. These cities became gateways to freedom.

Migration to cities improved the income and status of the migrants. Self emancipation in Western Europe was directly linked to the franchised villages and urban communes.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Economic History of Europe from Early 100s to Medieval." 123HelpMe.com. 15 Dec 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=47476>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Effects Of The Black Plague On Medieval Europe Essay

- DBQ- What were the effects of the black plague on Medieval Europe. Medieval Europe, also known as The Middle Ages, lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. Medieval Europe began after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Between the years 1347 and 1350 a widespread fatal disease back in Medieval Europe known as, the “Black Death”, killed approximately 20 million people. This was 30 percent of Europe’s population (History.com). The black plague is a disease that is carried by rats. Many rats had the black plague and it was transmitted to humans when fleas would jump off the infested rats on to people....   [tags: Black Death, Middle Ages, Medieval demography]

Research Papers
858 words (2.5 pages)

Problems of Medieval Europe Essay

- Problems of Medieval Europe The setting: Medieval Europe. The problem: the pope is living in Avignon, under strict control from the French King. The plague is ravaging Europe, leaving behind whole cities of corpses. Sanitation is very poor, there are no sewer systems, and more often than not, one could find human and animal feces lining the streets. The standard of living is very low, and much of this is blamed on religion. Many people would like to see the pope dead. Solutions are virtually non-existent....   [tags: European Europe History]

Free Essays
804 words (2.3 pages)

Essay about Crime and Punishment in Medieval Europe

- Lesson chosen: The lesson is situated in the fourth week, and is the eleventh and second last lesson in the unit outline. Lesson aims in relation to Content Focus: The aim of this lesson will be to develop students understanding of crime and punishment in Medieval Europe. As outlined in AUSVELS, this will include investigating different kinds of crime and punishment utilised and the ways the nature of crime and punishment has either stayed the same throughout history, or changed over time. Contributions of this Lesson: This lesson is positioned after a study into Medieval Europe’s significant individuals....   [tags: history, politics, legislature]

Research Papers
1021 words (2.9 pages)

Medieval Christian Europe Essay

- With the decline of the Western Roman empire Western Europe was a disjointed land that had no true unifying structure till the rise of Christianity. In Roman antiquity people used the State or empire of Rome to define themselves and give them a sense of unity despite having a diverse group of people within the empire. When Western Rome fell this belief based on a Roman cultural identity disappeared and no longer were people able to identify themselves with any particular group as they once have....   [tags: History, Roman Empire]

Research Papers
2215 words (6.3 pages)

Lack of Creativity in the Medieval Period Essay

- Lack of ego, violence, and unproductiveness were some of the few characteristics Manchester attributed to the medieval mind. During this period of history, the people lacked creativity and only used the mechanisms that were created by the generations before. Violence helped noblemen rise to define themselves while the creative ones took generations to build a cathedral because they only cared about glorifying God. Knowing their identity in life was irrelevant. Peasants were unaware of the world outside the common since they all lived and died without ever leaving their birthplace....   [tags: medieval, history, creativity, ]

Research Papers
1172 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Christianity in Medieval Europe

- A Major shift in religion was seen in the beginning of the middle ages. The early fourth century saw a huge shift in religious views to Christianity which also changed government thinking and many other ideas (Vallee). This shift would have an impact on the course of the middle ages and the rest of eternity. Starting in the eighth century many conquest arose to push Christianity arose. Christianity had an elaborate undermining in the sculpting of medieval Europe through its role in government, construction of religious buildings and devastating crusades....   [tags: Religious History ]

Research Papers
1423 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on The Rise of Universities in Medieval Europe

- In the present modern day, and seemingly for an extensive period of time, society has tended and still does, hold a predisposed idea that a university is associated with a building and the location that it is in. What society does not realise however the fact that it is a place to study where the location does not matter because towards the end you still achieve the same degree as anyone else. In early modern periodization, the medieval term for university was ‘studium generale’ meaning ‘school of universal learning’....   [tags: education, school or universal learning]

Research Papers
874 words (2.5 pages)

Divergences in History: The Medieval and Renaissance Ages Essay examples

- Tying in aspects from the Medieval and Renaissance ages, Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus unifies the Medieval and Renaissance ages into a marvelous theatrical performance. When comparing it to Frugoni’s A Day in a Medieval City, there are evident similarities and differences between the worldviews of these respective eras. A comparison between Doctor Faustus and A Day in a Medieval City brings to light how greatly Europe changed in the span of a few centuries. First, the organization of society is different....   [tags: Doctor Faustus, A Day in a Medieval City]

Research Papers
1185 words (3.4 pages)

Islamic Science in the Medieval Era Essay

- There are many terms used to describe the period after the fall of Rome and before the Renaissance, three main terms being the Middle, Medieval, and Dark Ages. In general, these terms are used interchangeably, but are these fair substitutions. In recent years the term “Dark Ages” is becoming less and less acceptable as a phrase which describes the span of years it is meant to refer to. The use of the term “dark” implies a period of stagnation, which is becoming a questionable concept. In particular, the span of time referred to in this paper is 530-1452 BCE, with specific attention paid to the scientific discoveries and innovations rather than art or literature....   [tags: History, Middle, Medieval, Dark Ages]

Research Papers
2572 words (7.3 pages)

Essay on The Black Death in Medieval Europe

- The Black Death in Medieval Europe The Bubonic Plague, more commonly referred to as the "Black Death," ravaged Europe between the years 1347 and 1350 (Herzog, 2000). During this short period, according to Herzog (2000), 25 million people (which were about one third of Europe's population at the time) were killed. In another article, Herlihy (1997), however, claimed that two thirds of Europe’s population were killed. Nevertheless, it is ascertained that thousands of people died each week and dead bodies littered the streets....   [tags: Bubonic Plague]

Research Papers
1616 words (4.6 pages)

Related Searches

But where cities were few and not free, such as Eastern Europe serfdom remained and worsened. The population and economic growth increased up to the Black Death. After this plague came a time of rebuilding and the continue development of the economy.

This long multi centennial maturation, between 1000-1500, rested on an economic revolution. New forms of energy, the invention of agriculture and livestock shifted hunting and gathering to substantial growth of population and the new concentration of settlements. The medieval economic revolution built on these gains in production and energy.

One result of active trade was selection by merit. It was not possible to maintain uniformity of performance. Craftsman just did better work and attracted customers beyond their ability. Masters and journeymen were brought together and now was the beginning of division of labor and putting out. Putting out was the process of putting out the raw material and them later collecting the finished product.

The economic expansion of medieval Europe was promoted by a succession of organizational innovations and adaptations. The rulers were trying to keep pace, show hospitable, make labor available, to attract enterprise and the revenues it generated. Meanwhile the business community came up with new ways of association, contract, and exchange designed to secure investment and facilitate payment. Most of this commercial revolution came from the mercantile community inventing new venues for encounter and exchange. However, Merchantalism was about to be changed like nobody could have predicted.

Bibliography:

Martynov, Anatolii Ivanovich. Autocracy and Revolution in Russia Virginia Press, Virginia: 1932.

Christie, Ian R. The Benthams in Russia 1780-1791. New York: Praeger, 1973

McDaniel, Tim. Agony of the Russian Idea. Princeton: New York, 1924.

Wanner, Adrian, Baudelaire in Russia. Boston: Houghton, 1942.

Jarman, T.L. The Empires of Asia. New York: New York UP, 1956

Iroshnikov, Mikhail P. St. Petersburg. Paris: Fayard, 1967.


Return to 123HelpMe.com