Essay PreviewMore ↓
“El Draque” or “The Dragon” the Spanish called this English admiral out of fear. Sir Francis Drake was born at Crownsdale, near Tavistock, Devon around the 1540’s. He served, as an apprentice in the Thames Coastal Trade after his father became a preacher at Chatham. He led several expeditions against the Spanish Main as well as an attack against the Spanish city of Cadiz. Drake was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and he helped defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588. He was a successful privateer, a talented navigator and one of the most famous seamen in history.
Drake made several voyages to the Caribbean with English seaman John Hawkins in the 1560’s, which were the early years of Drake’s career. They were not privateering voyages, but attempts to smuggle Spanish goods into the colonies. On the third voyage Hawkins’ fleet of six ships, one commanded by Sir Francis Drake, were driven into the Gulf of Mexico by a hurricane. The ships were led into the Vera Cruz port and demanded supplies. The Spanish however had a different plan of assaulting and killing many men and destroying four ships. Drake and Hawkins returned to England safely but, this incident led to Drake’s desire for revenge on the Spaniards.
In 1572 Drake sailed from England with two ships and 73 men. They landed at a small island called the Isle of Pines and began preparations for his attack on the Spanish. His plan was to sack the city of Nombre de Dios. On their first attempt they did not succeed but they made another soon after. They then took the town of Nombre de Dios on the Isthmus of Panama, they captured a ship in the harbor of Cartagena, they burned Portobello, they crossed and re-crossed the isthmus, and they captured three mule trains bearing 30 tons of silver.
Drake’s real opportunity came in 1577 when Queen Elizabeth gave him a grant to make the first circumnavigation of the world by an Englishman. On December 13th Drake sailed from Plymouth in the Golden Hind with four other small ships and about 160 men. They were set out to raid the Spanish property on the Pacific coast of the New World. He abandoned two ships in the Rio de Plata in South America, and, with the remaining three, navigated the Straights of Magellan.
How to Cite this Page
"Sir Francis Drake." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Nov 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Sir Francis Drake was a key figure in English, Elizabethan, and maritime history. He played a huge part in showing that the world could be circumnavigated with relative safety as well as being pivotal in helping to break the "Iberian monopoly" or what is now known as the Spanish and Portuguese combined empires (Buisseret 243). It was because of his life, decisions, and influence that England became a large naval power, with largest contribution of that being the defeat of the Spanish Armada. People should know more about the life and events surrounding this great historical adventurer, explorer, buccaneer and pirate.... [tags: Elizabethan martime history]
1423 words (4.1 pages)
- ... Back in the 16th century it was common for parents to send their children off to serve their rich/prosperous family relatives or friends in exchange for education for their children (Kelsey 7-8). Kelsey goes onto explain when Sir Francis Drake arrived at the Hawkins establishment he was joined by a group of his cousins, and also his younger brothers, John and Joseph Drake. Sir Francis Drake received most of his training and learning from his older cousin John Hawkins and from John’s dad, William Hawkins.... [tags: circumnavigate, expedition, voyages]
834 words (2.4 pages)
- Throughout mankind’s history there have been many famous people: innovators such as Thomas Edison, great war generals and leaders such as George Washington, and explorers who dare to see the ends of the world and conquer what they pass. Sir Francis Drake is one of these men who dared to conquer, not another nation or man, but Earth. He is recognized on the same status as Magellan and Columbus. Although he is haled for just one accomplishment; he is praised for his countless expeditions in the name of research and his country, his sea battles against the Spanish Armada, and many more feats he has grasped.... [tags: seaman, fleet, treasure]
794 words (2.3 pages)
- Sir Francis Drake “El Draque” or “The Dragon” the Spanish called this English admiral out of fear. Sir Francis Drake was born at Crownsdale, near Tavistock, Devon around the 1540’s. He served, as an apprentice in the Thames Coastal Trade after his father became a preacher at Chatham. He led several expeditions against the Spanish Main as well as an attack against the Spanish city of Cadiz. Drake was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and he helped defeat the Spanish Armada in 1588.... [tags: Essays Papers]
788 words (2.3 pages)
- Sir Francis Drake Sir Francis Drake is known for England's defeat of the Spanish Armada. He was a sea dog and he sailed around the world. Drake was actually the first one to sail around the world since Magellan died in his journey. Drake was a "sea dog" during the reign of Queen Elizabeth the first. And as everyone knows this is a good time to be a sea dog because the queen highly supported them. She gave him money and ships to raid the Spanish shipping. Drake was the most feared sea dog in his time.... [tags: Papers]
532 words (1.5 pages)
- The Life and Accomplishments of Sir Francis Drake The British Empire was a World dominant force throughout the 17th, 18th, and 19th century, but if it wasn’t for the naval defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, the British might have never settled what would be the United States. And the person we have to thank is none other than Sir Francis Drake, a common man whose rise from a small country town, to the mighty dragon that the Spanish feared, was the most brilliant Captain during the Elizabethan Era.... [tags: World History Essays]
3740 words (10.7 pages)
- The Spanish Armada arose in the 1580’s because the so-called “invincible” Spanish armada was on a mission to overthrow the heretic queen Elizabeth I. The Spanish also wanted to put an end to the English robbing their exports from America. Through six days of naval warfare, the English stood victors because of the innovative thinking and tactics by Sir Francis Drake. The Spanish Armada was a test of guts and strategy for both the Spanish and English Navy’s, but Sir Francis Drake, commander of the English Navy, decimated the Spanish fleet with revolutionary tactics.... [tags: invencible, Sir Francis Drake]
1221 words (3.5 pages)
- The year was 1575, Queen Elizabeth I summoned a seasoned mariner by the name of Francis Drake for a meeting that was deeply shrouded in secrecy. Details regarding this meeting were kept from the public eye for many years, until well after the death of Francis Drake. This rendezvous was so secret, the Queen specifically ordered Drake to keep this secret from even one of her most trusted advisor, Lord Treasurer Burghley. The Queen commanded that no one involved discuss the specifics with anyone on pain of death.... [tags: World History]
1786 words (5.1 pages)
- Psychology as a science has evolved via the muddle of studies in human biology in addition to philosophies in which the various practice of basing ideas on theories and experience or empiricism, have added value to the current learning dogmas, understanding of ideas our mind. Sir Francis Bacon, amongst other great thinkers in his application of scientific method has influenced how vital experiment and observation are important. From discovery of knowledge origin, understanding, human thoughts, ideas and perceptions by various renowned personalities; advancement in science has been born in the modern society.... [tags: Scientific method, Science]
1792 words (5.1 pages)
- By the 1580’s, an impending threat loomed over Her Glorious Majesty. Europe had been divided, not for military as such, but by religion. The catalyst for such a divide culminated in the 16th Century, where courageous reformers like Martin Luther and Jean Calvin found the practices of the Roman Catholic Church absolutely corrupt, and sought reformation of such practices. It was arguably one of the first major challenges to the omnipotent control of the Roman Catholic Church. Perhaps the most significant catalyst to the Protestant Reformation was a publication from Martin Luther himself entitled “The Ninety-Five Theses,” which expounded the most damaging of exploits and subsequently led to th... [tags: English History, Elizabethan Era]
1818 words (5.2 pages)
In 1585 Drake commanded a fleet that sacked Vigo in Spain and burned Sao Tiago in the Cape Verde Islands. It was the first act of open war with Spain. He took Santo Domingo and Cartagena and plundered the Florida coast. He also rescued Sir Walter Raleigh’s Roanoke colony under Ralph Lane on the Carolina coast. He returned to England and heard news of the preparations of the Spanish Armada. In 1587 Drake entered the harbor of Cadiz with 26 ships and destroyed 30 of the ships the Spanish assembled.
When the Spanish Armada sailed in 1588, Drake was appointed vice admiral of the English fleet at Plymouth. He began a chase up the Channel and slowly captured several ships. In 1589 it was decided to destroy the remnants of the Armada in Spain.
Also in 1589, Drake was in joint command of an attempted invasion of Portugal but failed to capture Lisbon. Queen Elizabeth was so displeased with this failure that Drake was not employed again for five years. During this time he became the mayor of Plymouth.
Drake’s last expedition, in 1595, undertaken jointly with Hawkins, was directed against the West Indies. The Spanish settlements were so well prepared that nothing was achieved. Hawkins died of dysentery on the attempt on Puerto Rico. Shortly after Hawkins death, Drake died of yellow fever on January 28, 1596 off Puerto Bello, and was buried at sea.
Bard, Roberta. The World’s Great Explorers: Francis Drake. Childrens Press; Chicago. 1992. Pg. 32-57,74-112.
Foster, John. A World Explorer: Sir Francis Drake. Garrad Publishing Company; Illinois. 1967. Pg. 64-95.
Global Travel Club, Central American Travel Specialists. Sir Francis Drake. http://www.global-travel.co.uk/drake.htm
Sir Francis Drake. http://www.jps.net/rossw/seadog/drake.htm