Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin

Length: 814 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓

Charles Robert Darwin was a British scientist who laid the foundation of modern
evolutionary theory with his views on life development through natural selection.
He was born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England, on February 12, 1809.

After graduating from the elite school at Shrewsbury in 1825, Darwin
attended the University of Edinburgh where he studied medicine. In 1827 he
dropped out and entered the University of Cambridge in preparation for becoming
a clergyman of the Church of England. While there, Darwin met two important
people in his life: Adam Sedgwick, a geologist, and John Stevens Henslow, a
naturalist. After graduating from Cambridge in 1831, the 22-year-old Darwin was
taken aboard the English survey ship HMS Beagle, mainly because of Henslow's
recommendation, as an unpaid naturalist on an expedition around the world.

When the voyage began, Darwin didn't believe that species change through
time, but he did believe in two prevailing ideas of the time. The first theory was
that the earth was 6,000 years old and had remained unchanged except for the
effects of floods and other catastropes. The second was that organisms were
designed especially for certain habitats and appeared on the earth in their present
form.

After reading the works of a noted geologist, Darwin began to change his
ideas. He saw evidence that the earth was much older than 6,000 years. In South
America, he was witness to an earthquake that lifted the land several feet. He
realized that mountains could be built by the action of an earthquake over
millions of years. He found fossils of marine mammals high up on mountains,
and realized that rocks must have been lifted from the ocean.

Darwin also studied plants and animals. On the Galapagos Islands, he
found animals that resembled animals on the South American continent, but not
exactly the same. He understood that they must have come to the islands from
the mainland, and then adapted into new species. He also observed the plant and
animal life of South America, oceanic islands, and the Far East. He noted many
examples that proved that animals in similar environments didn't always look the
same. For example, the emus of Australia and the rheas of South America are
two very distinct species, but they live in the same basic kind of habitat. Darwin
thought about this, and asked himself the question, if animals were formed for a
specific habitat, why would different species be found in habitats that are so
similar?

After leaving the HMS Beagle and returning to England in 1836, Darwin
began recording his ideas about changeability of species in his Notebooks on the

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Charles Darwin." 123HelpMe.com. 21 Jan 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=43961>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Charles Darwin's Life and Accomplishments Essay

- Charles Darwin was born in February 12,1809. When Charles Darwin was a little kid he struggled a lot in school. In 1825, Charles become a fortunate person and went to medical school. Darwin was a British scientist who set the foundations of the theory of evolution and converted the way we imagine about the natural world. Charles Darwin was the discoverer of the biological theory of evolution. Charles Darwin was married for 43 years to Emma Darwin who was his cousin. Charles Darwin had 10 children....   [tags: charles darwin, evolution, natural world]

Research Papers
790 words (2.3 pages)

The Evolution Of Charles Darwin Essay

- The Evolution of Charles Darwin Charles Darwin is a man that sparks controversy, from the religious disturbances his evolutionary theory creates, to opinions about him as a man and scientist. Edward Humes, winner of the Pulitzer Prize, has spoken of Darwin’s brilliant vision in seeing how the process of natural selection works, since he was not bound to see human purpose in the design like most men of his time (Bergman, 2007). However, in his own autobiography, Darwin frequently references a below average intelligence, with even his father concluding that he would be a disgrace to himself and his family (Barlow, 1958)....   [tags: Charles Darwin, Evolution, Natural selection]

Research Papers
1549 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Biography of Charles Darwin

- Charles Darwin brought many interesting ideas to the world of science. He was credited for developing the evolutionary theory by natural selection and also for discovering a species of frog while in South America. Darwin has many followers of his theory of evolution but there are many people who are trying to disprove his theory. These people have showed that their different theories prove Darwin could not have been correct in every aspect of his theory, but there is no absolute right or wrong to the theory of evolution....   [tags: Charles Darwin Biography]

Free Essays
989 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Biography of Charles Darwin

- Feb.12, 1809-April 19,1882 Charles Darwin was born in the city of Shrewsbbury, England and was raised as a fifth child by a wealthy family. (His father was a physician and son of Erasmus Darwin, a poet, philosopher and naturalist. His mother Susannah Wedgewood, died when Charles was eight.) In 1825, Darwin graduated from the elite school at shrewdsbury. He then attended the University of Edinburgh to study medicine. In 1927 he dropped out and entered the University of Cambridge in order to become a clergyman for the Church of England....   [tags: Charles Darwin Biography]

Free Essays
628 words (1.8 pages)

Biography of Charles Darwin Essay

- Charles Darwin can easily be recognized as a pure genius. In his lifetime, he single-handedly changed the way we see the world. His theories led to the study of the modern evolutionary theory of the world. Charles was a collector of plants, animals, and other specimens. From an early age, Charles had an immense love for nature, which started his career as a scientist. His trip to the Galapagos Islands forever changed his life and reputation. His two famous works were the Origin of Species and the Descent of Man....   [tags: Charles Darwin Biography]

Research Papers
872 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Biography of Charles Darwin

- Charles Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. His father was a very wealthy physician named Robert Waring Darwin. His Grandfather, Erasmus Darwin was a famous poet, physician, and philosopher. His mother's name was Susannah Wedgewood. His mother was the daughter to a famous pottery expert named Josiah Wedgwood. Young Charles was destined to make something of himself the day he was born. In 1818, young Charles began school at Shrewsbury. His scholastic achievments were very minor and at the concern of his father he was removed....   [tags: Charles Darwin Biography]

Research Papers
692 words (2 pages)

Biography of Charles Darwin Essay example

- Charles Darwin was a British scientist who laid the foundation of modern evolutionary theory with his concept of the development of all forms of life through the slow-working process of natural selection. His work was of major influence on the life and earth sciences and on modern thought in general. Darwin was born in 1809 in Shrewsbury, a small market town in Shropshire, England. His wealthy physician father was the son of Erasmus Darwin who had written Laws of Organic Life. His mother was the daughter of artisan Josiah Wedgwood of dinnerware fame....   [tags: Charles Darwin Biography]

Research Papers
1362 words (3.9 pages)

Biography of Charles Darwin Essay

- "The Catholic church has absolutely no view on 'Darwin's Theory of Evolution' or 'Darwinism' what is commonly believed by the magistarium is that one should not necessarily take the Bible in a literal sense" -An excerpt from Robert Richard's The Meaning of Evolution. Charles Darwin, a British naturalist has revolutionized biological and genetic studies with his new idea of "Natural Selection." His theory on evolution, which held that a species had emerged from preexisting or "basic" forms....   [tags: Charles Darwin Biography]

Free Essays
946 words (2.7 pages)

Biography of Charles Darwin Essay

- Charles Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury England at about the same hour as Abraham Lincoln. He was born to a successful family, his father was a doctor and his grandfather was a famous biologist. Darwin was not a great student and he decided to become a clergy so he transferred to Cambridge University. Instead of becoming cleargy Darwin decided to study geology. After school Darwin became naturalist on board the royal navy ship the Beagle. The Beagle left England on December 27, 1831 this was a small ship with a crew of 74, Darwin had a small laboratory and a hammock to sleep on, he suffered bad seasickness....   [tags: Charles Darwin Biography]

Research Papers
1806 words (5.2 pages)

Charles Darwin Essay

- Charles Darwin began his scientific breakthroughs and upcoming theories when he began an expedition trip to the Galapagos Islands of South America. While studying there, he discovered that each island had its own type of plant and animal species. Although these plants and animals were similar in appearance, they had other characteristics that made them differ from one another and seem to not appear as similar. Darwin questioned why these plants and animals were on these islands and why they are different in ways....   [tags: Essay on Charles Darwin 2014]

Research Papers
468 words (1.3 pages)

Related Searches

Transmutation of Species. Darwin's explanation for how organisms evolved was
brought into sharp focus after he read An Essay on the Principle of Population
by the British economist Thomas Robert Malthus, who explained how human
populations remain in balance. Malthus argued that any increase in the availability
of food for human survival couldn't match the rate of population growth.
Therefore, the population had to be checked by natural limitations such as famine
and disease, or by actions such as war.

After studying Malthus's essay, Darwin immediately applied his principles
to plant and animal life, and by 1838 he had arrived at his first idea of the
theory of evolution through natural selection. For the next twenty years, he
worked on his theory and other natural history projects. In 1839, he married his
first cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and soon after moved to a small estate, Down
House, outside of London. There he and his wife had ten children, three of
which died during infancy.

Darwin's theory was first announced in 1858 in a paper presented at the
same time as one by a young naturalist named Alfred Russel Wallace. Friends
arranged for the two men to present a paper together before the Linnaean Society
of London. On November 24, 1859, an abstract of Darwin's theory was published
under the long title of On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection,
or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. Darwin's complete
theory was published later in 1859, in On the Origin of Species. Commonly
referred to as "The book that shook the world," the Origin sold out on the first
day of publication and subsequently went through six editions.

In this book, Darwin presented his idea that species evolve from a more
primitive species through the process known as natural selection, which works
spontaneously in nature. Darwin pointed out in his account of how natural
selection occurs, known as Darwinism, that not all individuals undergo changes
and that some changes make the particular animal better suited to particular
environmental conditions. He pointed out that most species produce more eggs and
offspring than ever reach maturity. He theorized that well-adapted animals of a
species have a better chance of reaching maturity and producing offspring than.
Return to 123HelpMe.com