A History of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden

A History of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden

Length: 1178 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
A History of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden

Growing from its humble beginnings as an ash dump in the late 1800's, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden has come to represent today the very best in urban gardening and horticultural display. The Brooklyn Botanical Garden blooms in the middle of one of the largest cities in the world. Each year more than 750,000 people visit the well-manicured formal and informal gardens that are a testament to nature's vitality amidst urban brick and concrete. More than 12,000 kinds of plants from around the globe are displayed on 52 acres and in the acclaimed Steinhardt Conservatory. There's always something new to see. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden offers a variety of public programs all year long. Tours, concerts, dance performances and symposia are always on the roster, as well as special one-time events that feature elements of the Garden at their peak. Each spring the Brooklyn Botanic Garden celebrates the flowering of the Japanese Cherry Trees with our annual Sakura Matsuri (Cherry Blossom Festival), and each fall is spiced up with our multicultural Chili Pepper FiestaA few of the "Many Gardens within a Garden" include the Children's Garden, tended each year by about 450 kids, ages 3 through 18; The Cranford Rose Garden, exhibiting more than 5,000 bushes of nearly 1,200 varieties; The Herb Garden, with more than 300 varieties -- "herbing" is apparently taking the country by storm as people rediscover medicinal, culinary, and other uses; and The Japanese Hill-and-Pond Garden, a beautiful creation featuring a Viewing Pavilion, Waiting House, Torri, shrines, bridges, stone lanterns, waterfalls, pond, and miniaturized landscape.

About half of the BBG's 52 acres is devoted to the Systematic Collections: trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants arranged to show their evolutionary progression. Visitors will also enjoy the Conifer Collection, Daffodil Hill, Oriental Flowering Cherries, and other special collections.

The Steinhardt Conservatory

The Steinhardt Conservatory is a $25 million complex holding BBG's extensive indoor collection in realistic environments that simulate a range of global habitats. The Tropical Pavilion, 65 feet high, re-creates a rain forest complete with a waterfall and streams. Flora from the Amazon Basin, African Rain Forest, and tropical eastern Asia thrive here. The Helen Mattin Warm Temperate Pavilion houses plants from central China, the Mediterranean, Australasia, southern Africa, and the western U.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"A History of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden." 123HelpMe.com. 13 Dec 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=43959>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Absolut Brooklyn Campaign’s Objective

- In the summer of 2011, Absolut Vodka launched a limited edition new flavor red apple and ginger of vodka and named it Absolut Brooklyn. They collaborated with Spike Lee, a filmmaker. He designed the style of the picture that was presented on the bottle. He drew a stoop because that is where he grew up in and the stoop was a place for entertaining. Before this campaign Absolut already produced three city themes which were New Orleans, Los Angeles, and Boston. Brooklyn was chosen for several reasons....   [tags: vodka, brooklyn, spike lee]

Research Papers
1299 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on An Inside Look ath the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens

- Before Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens, David Fairchild brought home many plants form around the world and transplanted them around his home in Miami, Florida. That is where Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens originated. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens opened its doors in 1938. It was founded by David Fairchild, environmentalist Marjory Stoneman Douglas, Col. Robert H. Montgomery, landscape architect William Lyman Phillips, and County Commissioner Charles Crandon. Fairchild retired from years of work as renowned scientist, plant explorer, and educator....   [tags: David Fairchild, impac on plant knowledge ]

Research Papers
945 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about Crossing Brooklyn Ferry by Walt Whitman

- Through the use of simple diction, Whitman is able to traverse both time and distance and connect with his readers as so few other poets can. His mastery of verbiage draws readers into the poem, as few other poets can. In “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry,” Whitman creates a vignette into the Brooklyn of the past, and he connects it to the present, though in surprising ways. The omnipresence of Whitman allows the reader to envision themselves into the settings he created- and to interpret them into modern language....   [tags: Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, Walt Whitman ]

Research Papers
868 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Analysis Of The Poem ' Crossing Brooklyn Ferry '

- It has been said many a times how New York is a magical, wondrous, fantastical land of dreams. Many believe this statement and it is one of the main reasons why New York City is one of the most visited places in America. Countless events have happened in New York that aided its reputation as a great place to be. And New York is a great place to be, come and visit the sights and feel the pullulating streets, however, it does not seem to be a great place to stay. According to Walt Whitman’s “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry,” New York is a wonderful place to be, and according to Joan Didion’s “Goodbye To All That” New York is a bad place to stay....   [tags: New York City, New Jersey, Brooklyn, Walt Whitman]

Research Papers
1086 words (3.1 pages)

Analysis Of The Poem ' Crossing Brooklyn Ferry ' Essay

- Walt Whitman’s poem “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry” gives a light euphonious feel and reveals all the passion Whitman receives from being in such a grand city overflowing with expectations. The third part of the poem talks about the unity of the people of New York, how they all experience the same experiences. The piece is filled with a lot of positive words that impact the view of the person reading the poem. The start of the excerpt from the poem, “It avails not, time nor place” speaks of how neither time nor place can aid in the separation of New Yorkers....   [tags: New York City, New Jersey, Brooklyn, United States]

Research Papers
811 words (2.3 pages)

Essay A Tree Grows in Brooklyn

-             A Tree Grows in Brooklyn is an appropriate name for the book. It’s about 7 years of Frances Nolan’s life. The book’s title is highly symbolical and took me several passes through it before I understood it completely. In the beginning of the book the author talks about the “Tree of Heaven”. “No matter where the seed fell, it made a tree which struggled to reach the sky”, is an excerpt from the first page of Book One. Until you finish the book or at least most of it you think the author is talking about a type of tree and the title makes absolutely positively no sense whatsoever because of that....   [tags: A Tree Grows in Brooklyn Essays]

Free Essays
471 words (1.3 pages)

Coming of Age in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn Essay

- Coming of Age in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn Betty Smith's A Tree Grows in Brooklyn presents the problems of a child growing up, the coming of age when one meets challenges and overcomes obstacles. The protagonist, Francie Nolan, undergoes a self-discovery as she strives to mature living in the Brooklyn slum despite its poverty and privation. Thus, Smith's thematic treatment of the struggle of maturity has become for the reader an exploration of loneliness, family relationships, the loss of innocence, and death and disease....   [tags: Tree Grows in Brooklyn Essays]

Free Essays
1256 words (3.6 pages)

The Garden Essay

- The Garden, a documentary about the South Central urban farm, demonstrates the plight of the disadvantaged; it sheds light on decisions, made by the city of Los Angeles, which did not take into account the struggles and the livelihood of the three hundred farmers who planted crops to feed their families on plots of land in the South Central Farm. The city’s usage of eminent domain and the seizure of the land that leads to the destruction of the South Central Farm—which provided sustenance for more than three hundred local families—is an example of corruption in the government that further creates an hourglass economy....   [tags: Agriculture, South Central Urban Farm]

Research Papers
1719 words (4.9 pages)

Magical Realism in The Garden of Forking Paths Essay

- Magical Realism in The Garden of Forking Paths While there may be some debate as to whether the Argentinian Jorge Luis Borges was technically a Magical Realist, some may feel that his works definitely do have some of the characteristics of what is considered Magical Realistic literature. Among his various types of works are poetry, essays, fantasies, and short fictions. Often referred to in essays that discuss the history and theory of Magical Realism, "The Garden of Forking Paths" is probably Borges' most popular short story....   [tags: Garden of Forking Paths Essays]

Research Papers
1320 words (3.8 pages)

"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry" by Walt Whitman Essay

- "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry" by Walt Whitman Recurring Images and Motifs in "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry" In the poem "Crossing Brooklyn Ferry" by Walt Whitman, there are many recurring images and motifs that can be seen. Whitman develops these images throughout the course of the poem. The most dominant of these are the linear notion of time, playing roles, and nature. By examining these motifs and tracing their development, ones understanding of the poem becomes highly deepened. Whitman challenges the linear notion of time by connecting past with future....   [tags: Poem Poet Whitman Brooklyn Ferry Essays]

Research Papers
937 words (2.7 pages)

Related Searches

S. The Desert Pavilion holds spectacular plants from arid regions.

The Conservatory offers other wonderful displays and exhibits on themes such as geological and botanical evolution, tropical water plants, and the country's oldest and largest Bonsai collection. A Gallery holds seasonal botanical displays and changing art exhibitions, and the Discovery Center, the first in the country, offers self-guided programs for kids, with shelter, food, clothing, and health as themes.

Families and individuals can take a variety of self-guided tours, and many classes are offered to satisfy any level of interest, from beginner to advanced. Botany, Landscaping, Horticulture, Composting, Herbs, Crafts, Flower Arranging, Art, Photography, and other subjects are thoroughly covered. A calendar of year-round special events and tours wraps up an outstanding public program.

Membership is available for individuals and families at the Brooklyn Botanical Garden. As well as the opportunity to belong to a great organization, benefits include free admission to the Garden, special members-only hours and events, discounts in the Garden Gift Shop and at the Terrace Cafe, and discounts on classes and programs for adults and children.

Obviously a great place for a family outing, BBG is also a fantastic educational resource for its community and school and other groups from neighboring boroughs and counties.

School Programs range from Self-Guided and Guided Tours to Explorations and Workshops such as Making Sense of Nature (grades pre-K - 2): students experience the sensory world of plants through sight, smell, touch, and taste; Herbs and Spices from Around the Globe (K - 6): students learn the botany and uses of herbs and spices, sample various products, and even plant an herb to take back to class; Our Green Inheritance (3 - 9): introduces students to some of our more useful plants, such as those from the grass family, and coffee and chocolate; Environmental Issues (7 - 12): an intermediate workshop covering topics like pollution, acid rain, global warming, and endangered habitats. Students will learn how they can be part of the solution, and they will even make compost; Under the Sun (3 - 9): explores the fascinating plants of the African deserts; and Flower Explorations (3 - 4): teaches about pollination and fruit formation.
There are many other great programs like these, each lasting 1½ - 2 hours. Programs can accommodate up to 35 students.

Finally, BBG offers special services and memberships for teachers to help them become more proficient in teaching botany and its related subjects.

Below is a chronological history of important dates in the Garden's history. Highlighting some important developments are photos from our archives taken by Louis Buhle from 1915 to 1968. These charming black and white photos truly capture the evolution of the Garden and the spirit of the times.

Administration Building and Greenhouses dedicated April 1916.

1897 New York State legislation reserves 39 acres for a botanic garden.
1910 Garden is founded; Dr. Charles Stuart Gager is first director.
1911 Native Flora Garden laid out.
1914 Children's Garden program begins.
1915 Japanese Hill-and-Pond Garden is completed by landscape architect Takeo Shiota.
1916 Rock Garden constructed.
1917 Auxiliary formed to support the Garden.
1925 Thirty-two dwarfed potted trees are donated, starting the now famous bonsai
collection; Shakespeare Garden opens, gift of Henry C. Folger.
1927 Construction for Cranford Rose Garden, gift of Mr. & Mrs. Walter V. Cranford,
begins; dedicated the following year.
1933 Magnolias planted, gift of Women's Auxiliary.

The Children's Garden.During World War I, children collected pennies in a soldier's helmet to benefit a European child.

1936 Rose Arc Pool completed, gift of Mrs.Walter V. Cranford.
1938 Herb Garden, gift of Auxiliary, dedicated; Elizabethan knots established.
1939 Osborne Garden opens, gift of Mrs. Sade Elisabeth Osborne.
1941 'Kwanzan' cherry trees are planted on the Esplanade, gift of Auxiliary.
1945 First issue of Plants & Gardens is published.
1955 Fragrance Garden, designed by landscape architect Alice R. Ireys, opens.
1956 Plant patent received for 'Red Jade' weeping crab apple developed at BBG.
1974 Volunteer Garden Guide program is established by Auxiliary.
1977 Plant patent received for Magnolia x 'Elizabeth', the first yellow magnolia,
developed at BBG; 500-year-old Shogun lantern, gift of Tokyo, New York's sister
city, placed in the Japanese Hill-and-Pond Garden.
1988 Steinhardt Conservatory, a $25-million capital project, is completed.
1989 Education Building is completed; Palm House renovated as special events center.

Throughout the Garden's history, teachers have come to learn in ourgreenhouses. These teachers visited in the 1920s.

1992 Rock Garden is restored; Research Center opens at 109 Montgomery Street; Garden
gives first Better Earth Award recognizing environmental commitment.
1993 Lily Pool Terrace renovated.
1994 New mixed perennial border added to Lily Pool Terrace. Administration Building
renovation completed.
1995 Dedication of the refurbished Fragrance Garden.
1996 Breaking Ground opens -- featuring the Amazing Plants! exhibition in The Chase
Manhattan Discovery Center, the outdoor Discovery Garden and the exciting Plant
Discovery Carts.
Return to 123HelpMe.com