Essay PreviewMore ↓
Roger Bacon was an English Scholastic philosopher, scientist and one of the most influential teachers of the 13th century.
He was born in Ilchester, Somersetshire in 1214. Roger Bacon was educated at the universities of Oxford and Paris. He remained in Paris after completing his studies and taught for a while at the University of Paris. When he returned to England in about 1251, he entered the religious order of the Franciscans and lived at Oxford. He carried on active studies and did experimental research in alchemy, optics, and astronomy.
Bacon was critical of the methods of learning of the times, and in the late 1260s, at the request of Pope Clement IV, he wrote his Opus Majus (Major Work). In this work he represented the necessity of a reformation in the sciences through different methods of studying languages and nature. The Opus Majus was an encyclopedia of all science, embracing grammar and logic, mathematics, physics, experimental research, and moral philosophy. The response of the pope to Bacon's masterpiece is not known, but the work could not in any circumstances have had much effect in Bacon's time, because it reached Clement during the period of his fatal illness.
Bacon's revolutionary ideas about the study of science caused his condemnation by the Franciscans for his heretical views. In 1278 the general of the Franciscan order, Girolamo Masci, later Pope Nicholas IV, forbade the reading of Bacon's books and had Bacon arrested. After ten years in prison, Bacon returned to Oxford. He wrote Compendium Studii Theologiae (A Compendium of the Study of Theology, 1292) shortly before his death.
Despite his advanced knowledge, Bacon accepted some of the popular but later disproved beliefs of his time, such as the existence of a philosopher's stone and the efficacy of astrology. Although many inventions have been credited to him, some of them undoubtedly were derived from the study of Arab scientists. His writings brought new and ingenious views on optics, particularly on refraction; on the apparent magnitude of objects; and on the apparent increase in the size of the sun and moon at the horizon. He found that with sulfur, saltpeter, and charcoal, a substance (now known as gunpowder) could be produced that would imitate lightning and cause explosions.
How to Cite this Page
"Bacon Roger." 123HelpMe.com. 20 Jan 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- John Rolfe arrived in Jamestown with the intent to profit off tobacco by creating his own. Rolfe’s contribution of tobacco farming in Jamestown helped establish the characteristic of individualism in the American mind because he decided one day to try to make money off of tobacco farming, which meant that he had developed the skill that is self-reliance since he was the first to do this with no help from anyone but himself. As years passed, his tobacco business had grown and earned him a lot of wealth.... [tags: Massachusetts, Roger Williams]
1049 words (3 pages)
- 1. Pick any painting and analyze it from the points of view of the (a) formalist, (b) the expressionist, (c) and the philosopher of “aesthetic experience”. Which perspective, if any, do you find most convincing. I chose a piece by Francis Bacon, an Irish artist born in 1909, called the Study after Velázquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X. (a) From the point of view of a formalist, this piece would be examined in different perspectives such as the dark tones, shapes, and lines that the piece has, to the context and reasons of why Bacon decided to paint it as a re-modernization of the classical painting of Velasquez, exploring all the textures and dimensions of the painting to determine its art... [tags: Francis Bacon, art]
940 words (2.7 pages)
- People say that doing something to a person that made bad to you is an alternative to get that feeling that he had what he deserved too, but what about if all that retaliation or revenge ends up in bad terms and in bad conditions. We don’t think about reality itself, about what my happen if I do this or what may happen if I do that, but all though thinking ad a human being makes us seek for that interest and that revenge and submission to portray the other person that he did wrong. Some people say that our life is about revenge, that the best revenge in life is keep living and being successful.... [tags: Thought, Human, Francis Bacon, A Story]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- "Black Thursday." The name itself sends shivers down your spine. October 24, 1929 the New York Stock Exchange crashed signaling the end of the Roaring Twenties and the start of the Great Depression. A depression can be defined as, "a prolonged deep recession." A recession is, "a period during which aggregate output declines." (Case 118) This was certainly quite a change, as in the twenties the economy seemed to be booming around the world. There was rapid increase in industrialization, and drastic improvements in technology.... [tags: Roger & Me Film]
3464 words (9.9 pages)
- The Forbidden Experiment by Roger Shattuck It is one of the oldest unanswered questions in all of science. Though slightly more grounded in empirical science than the likes of "Where did we come from?" or "Why are we here?" the impossible Nature/Nurture dichotomy has tormented truth-bound scientists for years. Recent advances in genetics have brought forward new possibilities for those who would study the pure effects of environmental variables on animals, but we are far from allowing ourselves to manipulate other human beings in such ways for the sake of collecting data.... [tags: Forbidden Experiment Roger Shattuck Essays]
1421 words (4.1 pages)
- Analysis of Francis Bacon's The Four Idols In "The Four Idols," Francis Bacon discusses the concept of what fundamentally stands in the way of a human using the correct way of arriving upon a conclusion. Bacon believes there are four falsehoods that delay people from uncovering what they need to: the idols of the tribe, cave, marketplace and theater. At first I thought that these idols did not apply to humans at all, but now, after careful consideration, I understand how each idol relates to humankind.... [tags: Four Idols Essays Francis Bacon Human Nature]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- “Roger Malvin’s Burial” and History Q. D. Leavis states that Hawthorne had among his forbears a “witch-hanging judge and the Quaker-whipping Major” (30). This is a reference to one instance of historical allusion in Hawthorne’s short stories. This essay will explore a variety of historical incidences referred to in his short story, “Roger Malvin’s Burial.” Clarice Swisher in “Nathaniel Hawthorne: a Biography” states the author’s deep historical ties: William Hathorne was a colonial magistrate involved in the persecution of Quakers, another Protestant religious group.... [tags: Roger Malvin’s Burial]
2012 words (5.7 pages)
- Bacon's Rebellion Sometimes there comes an event in American History in which no one knows exactly why it happened. What the motives of the event were are left to the interpretation of the historian doing the research. Bacon’s Rebellion in 1676 was on such event. Wilcomb E. Washburn’s view is precise when he states, “ Bacon’s Rebellion. . .was an event on which observers could agree on the facts, but divide on the interpretation.” Historians have been picking into peoples’ accounts and versions of the legend for over 3 centuries, but never coming to a common conclusion.... [tags: American History Nathaniel Bacon Papers]
3137 words (9 pages)
- Getting to Yes by Roger Fisher Whether or not we are aware of it, each of us is faced with an abundance of conflict each and every day. From the division of chores within a household, to asking one’s boss for a raise, we’ve all learned the basic skills of negotiation. A national bestseller, Getting to Yes, introduces the method of principled negotiation, a form of alternative dispute resolutions as opposed to the common method of positional bargaining. Within the book, four basic elements of principled negotiation are stressed; separate the people from the problem, focus on interests instead of positions, invest options for mutual gain, and insist on using objective criteria.... [tags: Negotiation Getting Yes Roger Fisher Essays]
1118 words (3.2 pages)
- Roger Williams' A Key Into the Language of America During American colonial times, the native peoples of the new world clashed often with the English settlers who encroached upon their lifestyle. Many horror stories and clichés arose about the natives from the settlers. As one might read in Mary Rowlandson’s Narrative, often these disputes would turn to violence. To maintain the process of the extermination of the natives alongside Christian moral beliefs, one of the main tenets of colonial life was the belief that the natives were “savages”; that they were morally and mentally inferior to the English that settled there.... [tags: Roger Williams Savages Language America Essays]
2167 words (6.2 pages)