Essay PreviewMore ↓
Joan of Arc is a name that brings out many emotions. When her name is spoken it inspires hope, it strengthens courage; fosters anger, and it draws hatred. Joan of Arc was a name that was meant to be forgotten and wiped from existence, yet like her heart which did not burn in the fire, her memory has withstood the tests of time and she is respected today as one of the most amazing human beings who ever lived. Obviously, then, Joan has been translated to film, time and time again, and yet so many times misrepresented. With so much documentation on Joan’s life available, one might ask why her story has not been done justice on the silver screen? The answer is time. When a film is made, it tends to tell not only a story about robots or superheroes or historical heroes, but it tells a tale about the time period, or rather, about how the director/media wanted to use Joan (or misuse her). Joan has become a symbol over time in many ways. Sometimes she is presented as an inspirational figure for women during times of war: however, with the acceptance of female soldiers, the need for Joan as a role model diminished. As time passed, film makers were not concerned with the magnificent feats that Joan reached, but more so with her mental state.
A film on Joan was released in 1957, Saint Joan, directed by Otto Preminger. He decided to cast an unknown actress for the role of Joan: “A public search for Joan of Arc is, first and foremost, a marketing ploy. The discourse that surrounds these quests for the perfect girl to embody Joan, however, raises questions about the cultural meaning Joan of Arc in relation to notions of femininity and performance” (Blaetz 157). Otto Preminger wanted to cast a “pure” and “uncorrupted” girl for the role of Joan, and in fact he did not allow the seventeen-year-old Jean Seberg who was hired after a public search of over 14,000 aspirants to converse with the better known actors who worked with her in the movie in fear of her being “corrupted.” Otto did not want his Jean to learn how to act or to relax with her fellow actors in between scenes and see their husks peeled away while they behaved like normal sinful people. His Joan had to be real.
How to Cite this Page
"Saint Joan of Arc." 123HelpMe.com. 20 Jul 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Saint Joan of Arc Joan of Arc is a name that brings out many emotions. When her name is spoken it inspires hope, it strengthens courage; fosters anger, and it draws hatred. Joan of Arc was a name that was meant to be forgotten and wiped from existence, yet like her heart which did not burn in the fire, her memory has withstood the tests of time and she is respected today as one of the most amazing human beings who ever lived. Obviously, then, Joan has been translated to film, time and time again, and yet so many times misrepresented.... [tags: European History]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
- Saint Joan of Arc Joan of Arc lived an extraordinary life and accomplished incredible feats during, her brief lifetime. Joan is in a league of her own. As a girl at an absurdly young age and with no military knowledge, she convinces the Dauphin of France that she is a messenger from god and helps lead the almost diminished French army drive the English away from French soil. Her remarkable clairvoyance to foresee future events and for things to fall magically in place at least at the beginning of her career, compels one to believe in her saintly powers or in her connection with a higher being.... [tags: European History France England War Essays]
2502 words (7.1 pages)
- Saint Joan of Arc The Lindau Gospel Book Cover is a signatory representative of the early and mid 9th century due to its quality to compel and garner admiration from the common masses. The cover exemplifies the attributes of many other works from its period. It is a safe assumption that the majority of the citizens that lived during the time these works were created couldn’t read, and that works of art such as the book cover could function as a metaphor for the story contained within. Stories like the Passion could be depicted on a slab of stone or pressed into a sheet of gold to show levels of importance on particular moments.... [tags: Essays Papers]
1173 words (3.4 pages)
- There was a prophesy that France would be ruined by a woman and restored by a virgin from the borders of Lorraine (Portraits of a Saint). Joan of Arc was born in 1492 in the small town called Domremy, a village east of France as a peasant. She helped feed animals and take care of their farm. At this time the long hundred year war between the French and English were raging, her father often told her of the poor condition of France, and that the English had almost all of the land under control. The country of France was divided, with the Bergundian Territory aligning themselves with the English.... [tags: east france, god, paris]
1045 words (3 pages)
- Joan of Arc Saints are always different from everyday people, thus no one understands them in their lives, only a lot of years after their death. Joan of Arc was a saint like this as well, she was too far ahead of her times and was killed by her fellow men, because they didn’t know what else to do. She was canonized in 1920, after 489 years of her death. In my opinion, she was not only a saint, but meant to be an angel and showed a good example to all of us, how to behave ourselves in the name of honour, honesty, and glory.... [tags: Saint Joan Religion]
1686 words (4.8 pages)
- Joan of Arc also called the maid of Orleans, a patron saint of France and a national heroine, led the struggle to the English invasion of France in the Hundred Years War. She was the third of five to a farmer named Jacques Darc and his wife Isabelle de Vouthon in the town of Domremy on the border of provinces of Champagne and Lorraine. During most of her childhood she attended her father’s herd in the fields and learning religion and housekeeping skills from her mother. When Joan was approximately 12 years old, she began hearing “voices” of Saint Michael, Saint Catherine, and Saint Margaret believing them to have been sent by God.... [tags: maid of Orleans, saint of France]
516 words (1.5 pages)
- A French saint and a heroine in the Hundred Years' war was Joan of Arc. This farm girl helped save the French from English command and was often called the Maid Orleans and the Maid of France. Her inspiration led the French to many victories. Joan Of Arc (In French Jeanne d'Arc) was born around 1412, in the village of Domremy, France. She was a peasant girl who, like many girls of that time, could not read or write. Her father, Jacques, was a wealthy tenant farmer and her mother, Isabelle Romee, taught her how to sow, spin, and cook which she was proud of.... [tags: Biography Biographies Joan of Arc Essays]
1933 words (5.5 pages)
- On May 16, 1920, Pope Benedict XV conducted a ceremony at St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome to canonize Joan of Arc, often referred to as the Maid of Orleans. This ceremony was the final step in a process that was begun in 1849 by the Bishop of Orleans, Felix Dupanloup, over 400 years after St. Joan’s was tried, convicted and executed in the name of the Church. A study of her heroic deeds and an intensive review of her life, virtues and the trial transcripts that condemned her to be burned at the stake, resulted first in her beatification in 1909, and finally her canonization 11 years later in 1920 (Pernoud 245).... [tags: St Joan of Arc's Heresy Trial and Death]
3245 words (9.3 pages)
- Joan of Arc was born on January 6th 1412 in the French village of Domremy which was loyal to France during the Hundred Years War. Her parents Jacques d’Arc and Isabelle owned about 50 acres of land. He also was a minor village official who collected taxes. The Hundred Years War was battles between England and France over the French throne. The war began in 1337 when King Phillip VI of France tried to take English territories in the Duchy of Aquitaine in Southwestern France. There were battles of Chevaucheè tactics which were scorching the Earth, raids, naval battling, and sieges.... [tags: war, religion, trial]
528 words (1.5 pages)
- Joan of Arc The effect of Joan of Arc can be best understood and explained by looking at some of the events surrounding her birth and childhood. She was born in the later half of the Hundred Years’ War. The war was between France and England, which began over the land and control of Aquitaine, located in the southern part of France. Both countries had made legitimate claims of the land, but the dispute was unresolved and war was declared. The war was mainly fought in France and by 1429, England had gained a great portion of France.... [tags: Biography History Biographies Essays]
2225 words (6.4 pages)
Based on G.B. Shaw’s stage play, the movie did not cast blame on anyone; it represents all the characters as acting with conviction, according to the system in which they believed. Joan is represented as unwavering, courageous, and faithful, yet not as a model for emulation: “If she had been old enough to know the effect she was producing on the men whom she humiliated by being right when they were wrong, and learned to flatter and manage them, she might have lived as long as Queen Elizabeth” (Shaw 4). Shaw brings up a very valuable point about Joan’s obliviousness to the irritation she was generating by always being right and making sure the men in high positions around her knew so. The character of Dunois, who is Joan’s ally in the French army, says, “No, no, my girl: if you delivered me from fear I should be a good knight for a story book, but a very bad commander of the army” (Shaw 91). It appears that Otto Preminger wanted his Joan to be a role model for all women. Saint Joan was the last film about Joan of Arc before the Vietnam war.
Joan was used by the United States for war purposes multiple times.
For example, this image was used during World War I: Since women combatants were not allowed until the Persian Gulf War, it was common for images like these to surface during both World Wars. As Robin Blaetz has pointed out: “The domestication and infantilization that characterized representations of Joan of Arc after World War II simply became irrelevant as women armed themselves for battle” (Blaetz 182). This is a logical observation, for if a woman could go to battle, then why would she need to look at these images of Joan depicted as a stay-at-home war supporter…she is a soldier now.
The latest film about Joan is The Messenger (1999) This movie practically abandons the issue of women in war to focus on Joan’s psychological state and her supernatural visions. Some issues arise as to why this would be the focus, such as perhaps the director felt that it was so remarkable that a woman, a nineteen year old one at that, could take such command in her time, and her victories be remembered for hundreds of years, that they felt perhaps something was wrong with her rather than special.
In The Messenger, directed by Luc Besson – a French film director whose films are made in the “surface is more valued than content” style. Joan is represented as a rebellious, sacrilegious, deluded, short-tempered and argumentative teenager. The film did very poorly at the box office. Joan’s ‘voices’ are through creative liberty all lumped together into one voice of “the conscience” and it is never clear whether or not her voices are divine or she is suffering from some sort of psychological disorder. The director’s opinion of Joan is this:
If she wanted to be a good Christian, a good person...even if her motivation was good, to have her country free, it was wrong to participate in the massacres. 'Thou shalt not kill' – that’s a commandment (Price).
However, there is no record that Joan of Arc ever killed anyone herself. Actually according to the JoanNet website, Luc Besson, the director, killed more people in the making of his movie (1 stunt extra) than Joan did during her entire career. On a happier note, Milla Jovovich who was cast as Joan, divorced her husband who happened to be Luc Besson shortly after the film was completed.
It is unfortunate that with all the technology and resources that the film industry has access to today that a completely accurate movie about Saint Joan of Arc has yet to be produced. Some director wants to always put his own spin on the story, or push his own moral lesson rather than just tell the story correctly. It is not entirely respectful of Joan to not have faith that one day someone will decide to make a film about her and do her epic tale justice. Maybe that someone is Mel Gibson.
Blaetz, Robin. Visions of the Maid. Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, 2001.
JoanNet. Patrick Price. 23 January 2004. 14 April 2004. .
Saint Joan. Dir. Otto Preminger. Starring John Gielgud, Jean Seberg, Richard Widmark. USA: United Artists, 1957.
Shaw, G.B. Saint Joan. London: Penguin Books, 1946.