The Ruthwell Cross

The Ruthwell Cross

Length: 384 words (1.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The Ruthwell Cross

The Ruthwell Cross is a late seventh or early eighth century sculpted "preaching" cross. It can currently be found in the town of Ruthwell, near Dumfries in southern Scotland. Standing about 17 feet tall, the cross is adorned with Latin and Anglo-Saxon runic inscriptions and carvings. The cross, almost thirteen centuries old, has as much history as one would expect for an artifact of this age.

The Ruthwell Cross was partially dismantled most likely during 1642 at the order of the Church of Scotland General Assembly. The General Assembly was looking to rid Scotland of items of Roman worship. Believed to be connected with Roman worship, the cross was dismantled and spread out on the grounds of a small church in Ruthwell. Its pieces, which were large in size, were used as paving in some parts of the church grounds. In the early 1800's the pieces were located and the cross was reconstructed at the order of Reverend Doctor Henry Duncan. Although most of the cross was found and pieced together, Duncan had to construct a new crossbeam for the cross.

The significance of the cross lies in its inscriptions and carvings. Some of the carvings on the cross are said to symbolize passages from the New Testament. Portions of the Anglo-Saxon runic inscriptions have been determined to be passages from one of the most recognized Old English religious poems, "The Dream of the Rood." There is some controversy surrounding this poem, as its author and date of creation remain unknown to this day. Some historians believe it was written by the famous poet Caedmon; however, there is no proof that it is his work.

In conclusion, the Ruthwell Cross has a detailed and important history behind. Its runic inscriptions and carvings give us insight into what the culture was like in those times. The Ruthwell Cross is an important piece of history and is recognized as such in the Ancient Monuments Protection Act of 1882, under which it is protected.

GRAPH

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Ruthwell Cross." 123HelpMe.com. 23 Sep 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=41861>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Cross Fire, by James Patterson

- What would you do if you had a huge secret to hide. In the book Cross Fire, James Patterson demonstrates a secret that needs to be hidden for some time. Within doing this he also demonstrates a good example of a complete plot. On the other hand the book is mostly written in first person point of view. This has a major effect on the book, in the way it is used. In this complete plot there are five key elements. The first of these five elements is exposition. This is what happens first in the story and is what gives the reader key components....   [tags: Cross fires, James Patterson]

Research Papers
1100 words (3.1 pages)

A Cross Culture Knowledge Transfer Essay

- A cross culture knowledge transfer: According to Sulzer Infra Company, if there are differences in linguistic and culture background, it is very difficult for an organisation to create an effective international team and to make sure that all the team members are cooperatively communicating with each other (P 183). It was found in the case study that there was no such tradition in the company of cross border exchange of ideas, experience and sharing of information related to company (P 186). For an example as a head of Sulzer Infra management explain that the British employees had a problem of being sharing with Germans and the same found with Germans too....   [tags: Cross-cultural communication, Communication]

Research Papers
749 words (2.1 pages)

Cross Cultural Communication And An Organization Essay

- When one looks at cross-cultural communication in the organization one has to look at many deciding factors. Cross-cultural communication is also known as “Intercultural Communication” (Afghari, A., & Pourakbari, A. A. 2015 p. 37). When one looks at any organization one would see where cross-cultural communication plays a part. Cross-cultural communication in an organizations are growing. It is a part of our world whether we like it or not. They have different ethical beliefs. Whether we like it or not what seems to be the norm to use will not be the norm to someone else....   [tags: Culture, Cross-cultural communication, Leadership]

Research Papers
2268 words (6.5 pages)

A Brief Note On The Red Cross Foundation Essay

- Attention Getter: According to The Red Cross Foundation, the American Red Cross responds to more than 70,000 disasters in America each year. Significance: This is significant, because the Red Cross responds to house and apartment fires, spills and transportation accidents, explosions, and other natural and man-made disasters, which all help to serve people in need of physical and emotional help after a traumatic experience. Credibility: I choose to speak about the Red Cross, because they offer relief to people at times when they own almost nothing....   [tags: American Red Cross]

Research Papers
1166 words (3.3 pages)

Personal Statement : Cross Cultural Communication Essay

- When I received the instructions for this final project I was terrified, not only because it was my first week of college but also because I did not think I was capable of completing the assignment. After a couple of classes and reading, I learned that cross cultural communication takes time and it 's also not a goal that you reach and then it 's over, it 's a continuous process. When I realized this, I felt better about conducting this project. Being able to communicate properly with cultures that are different than your own is a skill and characteristic that everyone should have and understand....   [tags: Cross-cultural communication, Culture]

Research Papers
1027 words (2.9 pages)

The American Red Cross Essays

- The plan will communicate to young professionals that the American Red Cross is well connected, transparent, and trustworthy; creating an organization for young professionals with the common belief that, “in times of crisis, trust the American Red Cross to support our communities.” The plan will compel young professionals give donations and become involved with the American Red Cross. Ultimately, the goal is to raise $50 million for the organization. Additionally, this plan reinvigorate the inner network of American Red Cross employees and volunteers....   [tags: Facebook, MySpace, American Red Cross]

Research Papers
1058 words (3 pages)

A Brief Note On The Cross Cultural Communication Essay

- Cross-Cultural Communication Global leadership is more effective when organizations have a clear understanding of cultural differences. The differences in the culture create a different work environment and that is true all over the world. Moreover, the study of cultural differences helps organizations to better understand and prepared to take on the challenges of a diverse workforce, foreign and domestic (Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G.J., & Minkov, 2010). Every culture and every country will most likely have their own means of achieving success in global management; identifying what drives a culture to succeed, then, is paramount....   [tags: Culture, Cross-cultural communication, Sociology]

Research Papers
883 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on The American Red Cross

- The American Red Cross It is important to know how the Red Cross began. It was in June 1859 when Henry Dunant went to Solferino, north of Italy. He was a spectator of a small but bloody war. French and Italians had a battle against Austrians. There were more or less 40,000 victims. He was completely horrified with the scene. He interrupted his trip to help the hurt and organized volunteers to save lives. When Henry Dunant went back to his home town Switzerland in 1862, he decided to talk and write about his horrible experience....   [tags: Expository Red Cross Essays]

Research Papers
574 words (1.6 pages)

The Red Cross in East Africa Essay example

- The Red Cross in East Africa This report is about the Tanzania Red Cross written after community service fieldwork by eleven students from the East African Uongozi Institute, between 04th and 10th July , 2002. The Community service involved working with the Red Cross in the Dar es salaam International Trade Fair[DITF] which was on at the time and we were allocated to work at the Red Cross tents at the Fair ground to help administer first aid to any causalities. The East African Uongozi Institute is an international Cooperation and collaboration primarily involving four institution of higher learning....   [tags: Red Cross Community Service Africa Essays]

Research Papers
3669 words (10.5 pages)

The Physics of Cross-Country Skiing Essays

- Missing Figures Cross-country skiing is as much of a competitive sport, as it is a back country one. Cross-country skiing is enjoyed by people of all ages, and can be relatively inexpensive. There is no need for lift tickets and with a little maintenance equipment can last for decades. As a result of its broad audience, many people don't realize that physics plays a large role in cross-country skiing. This web page was designed to briefly describe some of the concepts behind the physics of skiing, and give a basic understanding of both the sport and the science....   [tags: physics sport sports cross country ski]

Free Essays
1429 words (4.1 pages)

Related Searches


Works Cited

http://www.flsouthern.edu/eng/abruce/rood/IMAGES.HTM, consulted on September 20, 2000.

http://www.georgetown.edu/labyrinth/library/oe/texts/ruthwell.html, consulted on September 17, 2000.

http://www.meltingpot.fortunecity.com/ukraine/324/hilda.html, consulted on September 17, 2000.

http://www.scottishculture.about.com/aboutuk/scottishculture/library/weekly/aa020700a.htm, consulted on September 16, 2000.

"The Dream of the Rood." Norton Anthology of English Literature. Ed. M.H. Abrams et. 7th Edition, Volume 1. New York: Norton, 2000. 26-28
Return to 123HelpMe.com