Essay PreviewMore ↓
When Mexican President Vincente Fox rode into office on a wave of popular support in 2000, he inherited the Zapatista rebellion in Chiapas. In 1994, the largely indigenous Zapatista movement began a military campaign to protest economic and political disenfranchisement. Vincente Fox claimed that he could solve the Zapatista uprising in “15 minutes.” Like his predecessor, he has failed to solve the problem. How did the Zapatistas achieve such longevity in the confines of the “perfect dictatorship?”
When Mexico entered the international economy, it opened itself to global scrutiny. Mexico’s trading partners have kept an eye on Mexico’s human rights record. Mexico simply could not crush the Zapatista rebellion with an iron fist: “Mexicans and the international community will not accept a genocidal war in Chiapas” (Collier 167). Furthermore, global connections empowered Mexican human rights organizations to exert more leverage on the Mexican government to moderate their repression. The Zapatistas were particularly adept at using the internet to voice their demands and to protest the excesses of the Mexican government.
The Mexican government also faced legal restraints which prevented an all-out war on the Zapatistas. After the uprising 1994 and the government counter-attack in 1995, the federal congress passed a law for dialogue in 1995. This foreclosed the option of a unilateral show of force by the Mexican army in areas under Zapatista control. The jungles of Chiapas also made a complete military victory improbable.
The government changed its tactics to end the rebellion, resorting to low intensity war. Paramilitaries with differing levels of tacit and explicit support terrorized Zapatistas and their sympathizers. The killings in Acteal in 1997 that claimed the lives of 45 innocent people remains a particularly gruesome example of paramilitary massacres.
Most importantly, the Mexican government lots the war of ideas. Though the Mexican government maintained a virtual monopoly of the press, Marcos and the Zapatistsas managed to diffuse their ideas and goals across the country. Though many did not support their violent tactics, the Zapatistas brought attention to the “plight of those at the losing end of Mexico’s economic globalization, particularly the indigenous groups who were losing both their livehood and their hopes for self-determination” (155). Marcos’ articulate and incisive letters put the government on the “moral defense” (168).
Despite the government’s efforts, support for the Zapatistas increased. The government believed it had scored a victory when it revealed in 1994 that Sub-commandante Marcos was in fact a non-indiginours former philosophy student.
How to Cite this Page
"Understanding Zapatista Longevity." 123HelpMe.com. 07 Apr 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Zapatista Revolt Against NeoLiberalism In the 1630’s Mayans living in the northern part of Guatemala organized in a secretive village-by-village basis and mounted an attack against the Spanish colonial rule. They drove the Colonizers out of the area and it took almost fifty years for the Spanish to reclaim it [i] . Over 350 years later the Mexican government woke up on January 1st 1994 to news of an indigenous guerilla uprising in the southern part of Mexico. Mayans had been secretly organizing, much in the same way as the 1630 revolt, and had formed the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN).... [tags: History Spanish Zapatista Essays]
4187 words (12 pages)
- Transnational Networks of Support for the Zapatista Rebellion Globalization, the term used to describe the dominant framework of international relations following the cold war, is affecting many aspects of politics and social experience. This is seen in the Zapatista rebellion and movement in Chiapas, Mexico that has benefited from globalization and transnational support. This paper examines the relationship of transnationalism and social movements with the Zapatistas as a case study.... [tags: Zapatista Rebellion Globalization Essays]
5137 words (14.7 pages)
- The Zapatista movement occurred near the end of the 20th century where there was a technological and digital boom. These advances have helped the Zapatistas in a unique way and this resulted in their revolution to be completely different from past revolutions. The creation of network identity and communication transfer using the internet has contributed to the Zapatista’s success. Identity was an integral part in past revolutions, but it was redefined during this movement. Subcomandante Marcos’s testimonial communiques helped create an identity that was universal and this lead the creation of network identity which ultimately contributed to the Zapatista’s success.... [tags: marco´s movement, revolution]
1904 words (5.4 pages)
- Topic & Rationale Based on the previous research discussed in the introduction’s article review, the current study’s researchers were trying to examine how emotional well-being is affected by age and how emotional well-being plays a role in longevity and mortality. The researchers loosely hypothesized that well-being in older adults is contrary to many current stereotypes, that in fact many older adults have more positive emotions than negative ones. They stated that the only time there would be an increase in negative affect would be near death or those with terminal illnesses.... [tags: Mental Health]
1081 words (3.1 pages)
- The Successes and Failures of the Zapatista Movement On January 1, 2004, over one thousand people in the mountain hamlet of Oventic, Chiapas, celebrated the 10th anniversary of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) rebellion with song and dance. Thus, it seems a fitting time to take stock of the successes and failures of the Zapatista movement in the context of its original goals. While the EZLN has been able to establish thirty eight autonomous indigenous communities in Chiapas, it has failed to weaken the Mexican government's commitment to neo-liberal economic policies.... [tags: Autonomy Chiapas Mexico EZLN Essays]
1876 words (5.4 pages)
- Indigenous people of the world have historically been and continue to be pushed to the margins of society. Similarly, women have experienced political, social, and economical marginalization. For the past 500 years or so, the indigenous peoples of México have been subjected to violence and the exploitation since the arrival of the Spanish. The xenophobic tendencies of Spanish colonizers did not disappear after México’s independence; rather it maintained the racial assimilation and exclusion policies left behind by the colonists, including gender roles (Moore 166) .... [tags: feminism, gender, women's rights]
1694 words (4.8 pages)
- We all want to live longer, but the real goal is to live longer and be healthy and happy while we are doing it. The expectation being that we can live well in to our 90’s, or even into our 100’s, without our day to day needs being met by our health care system and/or our immediate family. There have been numerous studies in the past looking for the “fountain of youth”. That magic combination that is going to show our society how to live longer, healthier, and happier lives. This paper will discuss a brief classic research on the predictors of longevity, a study on the characteristics of the oldest people living in China and their connection to longevity, and a study on the relationship of le... [tags: Gerontology, Old age, Middle age, Sociology]
1610 words (4.6 pages)
- Research Paper Longevity Lisa Winslow Longwood University HLTH-335-B03-Nutrition Summer I Online 6/1/17 Longevity is duration of an individual life beyond the norm for the species. There are some populations that have figured out how to improve their quality of life and longevity and are currently living into their 90’s and 100’s. Not only are these populations living this long, they are doing so with little health to no health problems. Throughout this paper we will exam four different populations and their practices for longevity.... [tags: Meat, Population, Fruit, Olive oil, Vegetable]
1929 words (5.5 pages)
- Average longevity refers to the age at which half the individuals born in a particular year will have died. Maximum longevity refers to the oldest age to which any individual of a species lives. There are many factors that come into play to affect both maximum and average longevity, such as genetic and environmental factors. Some genetic factors refer to diseases that are hereditary, like heart or brain disease that end up slowing down or even reversing the development and strength of each organ.... [tags: Brain, Human brain, Autism, Psychology]
1031 words (2.9 pages)
- Centenarian longevity is very much based on the internal physiological functioning and health input and output of these individuals. Physiological functioning including the immune system functioning has seen to be maintained and even increased for these longevous human beings. Neutrophilic functioning for fighting infection, and gluthathione and catalyst activity are also maintained through the century years. These results show high correlations between the levels of centenarians, and those of young adults.... [tags: Body Maintenance, Physiology]
1774 words (5.1 pages)
Collier, George A. and Elizabeth L. Quaratiello. Basta! Land and the Zapatista Rebellion in Chiapas. Chicago, IL: Food First Books, 1999.
Interview with Marcos
Multinational Monitor. March 2001, Vol 22, #3.