Essay PreviewMore ↓
Existentialism was born against Age of Reason in order to reject abstract thinking and absoluteness of reason. Existentialists have claims and evidences to support their idea. They are trying to find absolute truth without absolute thinking because of this they will look for the truth all the eternity. In this essay, I will point out the existentialists’ claims in terms of denying absolute reason.
First of all, reason is highest creation of mind and people have ability to think what they want. They use their minds to reach the knowledge and provide the capability to solve problems. The first claim is that reason is a part of human nature that is limited therefore reason is limited, too. People consider that science is an objective way to solve problems and reflect reality to the society. Existentialists claim that science has this power from its strict limitations. Beyond this reality, different scientific results are called absolute but this is impossible to call them absolute at the same time. There should be one truth and one absolute. Science has a judge to find truth and when it errs it has a judge to change truth. The old truth isn’t a truth anymore.
Our experiences and intentions are hidden by our subconscious. If our subconscious is slight, they will be brought surface of our actions and thoughts. Our conscious has limitations so does reason but subconscious doesn’t have limitations. Because of this, existentialists think that reason cannot be absolute.
Cause and effect relationship is concerned as determinism and it is approval when the scientist is in the state of being impersonal observation and experiment. As existentialists state, being impersonal cannot deal with personal experience. In addition to this responsibility is one of our basic experiences. “ Existentialism will teach us that we have to admit experience as evidence.”(Roubiczek, 1-17) If we don’t admit we cannot understand what we feel and we don’t feel responsibility for our actions. Without our experience we think only in an objective way and being impersonal doesn’t help us to deal with our feelings. Existentialists show these statements as their claims but I cannot find any relationship between these claims and absolute thinking. They are mentioning about another subject.
Age of Reason is against theology because theology starts with an accepted truth.
According to me the truth is believing in God. On the other hand philosophy start with presuppositions to find the truth by using unlimited mind.
How to Cite this Page
"Reason For Existence." 123HelpMe.com. 28 Feb 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Many people struggle to properly defend their faith when confronted about it and even waver in their faith when presented with doubts against their faith that sound convincing. This is because many do not move beyond a basic understanding of their faith and fail to learn the fundamentals of Christian faith. The book Truth Matters: Confident Faith in a Confusing World by Andreas Köstenberger and the film God’s Not Dead (Harold Cronk, 2014) present both similar and different viewpoints on defending one’s faith adequately.... [tags: Existence, God, Good and evil, Reason]
1049 words (3 pages)
- The argument for the existence of God contains moral arguments that form a family of diverse facts and opinions. There are many arguments disproving His existence. And there are many arguments proving them wrong. Both are quite interesting for the fact that they both contain concrete proof that required attention to essentially all important philosophical issues dealing with metaethics and they’re important because of their prominence in popular arguments for religious belief. Most ordinary people feel as though religion is providing a foundation for morality; however, if someone believes that morality is objective or requires an explanation of some sort, then the moral argument of God’s exi... [tags: Existence, Ontology, Theology]
1158 words (3.3 pages)
- Since the beginning of time, society has been plagued by questions stemming past the grasp of human understanding. In attempt to explain such bewilderment, mankind formed a principle belief regarding their presence as the workings of a more capable being, God. As time has progressed, distinguished and scholarly members of society have come forward with ideas regarding some distinct understanding into the complex subject that is god. To this day, students are taught theories that have managed to stand the test of time and interpretation, theories that are highly respected by the top scholars of this century.... [tags: Earthly Inferences, Human Existence]
1014 words (2.9 pages)
- One of the most intriguing and admittedly baffling arguments for the existence of God is the ontological argument. It was developed by St Anselm in the 11th century, and the reason said argument is considered unique is because it is an a priori argument rather than an a posteriori argument , which most other arguments for the existence of God tend to take form. It attempts to prove the existence of God, not through any physical evidence, but rather by claiming that the very definition of God is proof enough of his existence; that he is an underlying truth in much the same way mathematical truths are inherently known.... [tags: Ontology, Ontological argument, Existence, God]
1063 words (3 pages)
- Intro Throughout this essay, a question will present itself as to if the ontological argument can be accepted. To accomplish the task at hand, we shall analyze; firstly, the ontological argument from both Anselm and Descartes. Secondly, we shall discuss the argument for the existence of Fido, and why it does and does not look reasonable (which will answer (i)). Afterwards, questions (ii) and (iii) will be answered, followed by a rejection of the ontological argument from Gaunilo, and then an argument in the defence of the ontological argument from the Internet.... [tags: Metaphysics, Ontology, Existence, Reality]
1260 words (3.6 pages)
- Rene Descartes was born in La Haye in France in March 31, 1596. He was a mathematician, an scientific thinker, and an meta-physician. Descartes was the first major philosopher in the modern era. His views about knowledge, certainty, and relationship between mind and body have been very influential. Being a devout Catholic, Descartes, undeniably believed in God. He believed that the existence of God could be proved via reason. In this paper I will discuss what Descartes provided as a proof for existence of God.... [tags: Ontology, Metaphysics, Theology, Existence]
712 words (2 pages)
- Cutie as a Metaphor of the Mind in Asimov's Reason Using one's reason to the highest ability is considered to be a virtue in our society. Reason and logic have a lucid quality that is reassuring to human interaction. Ultimately, humanity prizes itself for its ability to logically explain our observations by using reason. Another facet of the human mind is to be inquisitive, to constantly ask questions about our surroundings. Both these facets are shown by the main character, "Cutie," in Asimov's "Reason." This thought-provoking story uses Cutie, a robot, as a metaphor of the human mind, and on a larger scale, humanity itself.... [tags: Asimov Reason]
1112 words (3.2 pages)
- The existence of God has been an ongoing question that almost everyone has been searching for an answer.Back in the day when the idea of God was the centre of everyones conversation , Philosophers/Scientist began to argue of God’s existence and what God was like.With little knowledge and evidence to study whether God was real or not people came to realize that after years and years there was just not enough to justify either side which is why one should keep an open mind on topics like this.Our minds are still developing and there are such complex things out there that one day we hope to find a definite answer for.There is going to be objections that discuss on why other philosophers don '... [tags: Existence, God, Theology, Logic]
1259 words (3.6 pages)
- The issue of Faith versus Reason and the relationship between them has been discussed throughout civilization. A prime figure in this discussion during the recent past, the mid 18’th to the early 19’th centuries, was Thomas Paine. Paine’s writings during both the United States and French revolutions helped to spearhead the respective countries into revolution and eventually freedom. As such, Paine is certainly seen as an influential figure during this time period for practical reasons. But Paine is equally important because of the way in which he influenced entire countries and helped to bring about change.... [tags: Faith vs Reason]
1202 words (3.4 pages)
- All throughout our history, we humans have constantly evolved and developed to an extent where we can give an account to the world we live in. From Epicurus to Thomas Aquinas, from Aristotle -who taught one of the greatest kings namely Alexander the Great- to Sartre and Camus were all for the search of why we are on this planet. What drives us to live or perhaps to die, even if it is by one’s own hand. When arguing about the meaning of life, one has to take into account that every doctrine, thesis, antithesis, thought and emotion can only be explained and defined through the human perspective.... [tags: Human Existence]
1904 words (5.4 pages)
One who believes in God accepted that God created everything but cannot ask how god exists. It seems to me that everyone asks whatever he/she wants to. While one is asking, he will discover the absolute truth and reason.
Moreover, Kierkegaard defends his faith in behalf of morality and religion. According to him surrendering our inner voice is taking risk. He believed that when we give up rational thinking and reasoning, our minds transcends bars. However, he thought that Christianity is an absurd religion he believed this religion. I don’t understand how can man believe something, which is absolutely absurd for him. It seems to me his claim is depend on absurdity and he called this like taking risks.
Finally, I mentioned about the points of Existentialists and their claims. Human beings can reach absolute thinking; there is nothing to limit them. Existentialists’ justification for their claims is just accepting god’s existence without asking any questions. Reason is an absolute way to reach the truth; nobody should have starting points for their lives and beliefs. When they find answers to their questions they will exist and they cannot do this without thinking in an absolute way. Absolute reason and thinking are reasons for our existence.