Pompey the Great

Pompey the Great

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Pompey the Great

Pompey the Great was a Roman general and statesman, the ally and son-in-law of Julius Caesar. Pompey and Julius Caesar will later become arch-rival for power. Pompey real name is Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus. Pompey was born in Rome on September 29, 106 bc, into a senatorial family; his father was Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo, he was in the consul in 89 bc.

When Pompey was just 17 he fought, along with his father, on the side of Lucius Cornelius Sulla against the army of Gaius Marius and Lucius Cornelius Cinna. In the year of 84 bc he had raised three legions defeat Marian army. Pompey later defeated Marian army. Then Pompey was sent to destroy the rest of the Marian army in Africa and Sicily.
On his triumphant return to Rome he was honored with the title Magnus, or the Great.
Pompey then defeated the followers of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, a one-time Sulla partisan, whom he drove out of Italy, and destroyed the Marian army in Spain in 76 up to71 bc. Returning to Italy, Pompey brought an end to the civil War instigated by the slave Spartacus. He was now the idol of the people and was elected consul for the year 70 bc, serving with Marcus Licinius Crassus.

In 67-66 bc, Pompey got rid of the pirates in the Mediterranean Sea of and was then given control of the provinces in the east and put in charge of the war against Mithridates VI of Pontus. Between the years of 65 and 62 bc, Pompey conquered Mithridates and also Tigranes the Great, king of Armenia, and Antiochus XIII of Syria, annexing the territory of the later to the Roman dominions. He also quiet the Jews
and captured Jerusalem. On his return to Italy he disbanded his army and in 61 bc entered Rome in triumph for his third time. After his return he was anxious that his acts in Asia should be ratified by the Senate and certain lands be apportioned among his veterans. The Senate, had decided to declined to the accede to his wishes. Pompey had turned against the aristocratic party, now formed a close alliance with
Julius Caesar, and the two men, together with Crassus, formed in 60 bc the coalition commonly called the First Triumvirate. Caesar's daughter Julia was given in marriage to Pompey, and in the following year Caesar had went repair Gaul, and stood there for nine years carried on a career of conquest while Pompey had spent his time at Rome with Julia.

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Jealousies had later arose between Pompey and Julius Caesar. Julia died in 54 bc, and Crassus was slain in Syria in that following year. Pompey then returned to the aristocratic party, whose members desired to check Caesar's ambitions and deprive him of his command. Caesar consented to the order to lay down his office and return to Rome, provided that Pompey, had an army near Rome, would do the same. The Senate insisted on an unconditional resignation, but Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 bc, thus defying the Senate and its many armies, which were under Pompey's command. Pompey withdrew his forces to Brundisium and then had later went to Greece. Caesar meanwhile had made himself master of Italy and defeated a strong army in Spain commanded by Pompey's legates and then crossed the Adriatic to attack Pompey. The later, who had gathered a strong army, was victorious in the opening encounters, but was defeated at Pharsalus in 48 bc. He escaped to Egypt, where he was murdered on September 28, 48 bc.
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