Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon

Length: 1496 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon was the founder of the modern scientific method. The focus on the new scientific method is on orderly experimentation. For Bacon, experiments that produce results are important. Bacon pointed out the need for clear and accurate thinking, showing that any mastery of the world in which man lives was dependent upon careful understanding. This understanding is based solely yyon the facts of this world and not as the ancients held it in ancient philosophy. This new modern science provides the foundation for modern political science. Bacon's political science completely separated
religion and philosophy. For Bacon, nothing exists in the universe except individual bodies. Although he did not offer a complete theory of the nature of the universe, he pointed the way that science, as a new civil religion, might take in developing such a theory.

Bacon divided theology into the natural and the revealed. Natural theology is the knowledge of God which we can get from the study of nature and the creatures of God.
Convincing proof is given of the existance of God but nothing more. Anything else must come from revealed theology. SCience and philosophy have felt the need to justify themselves to laymen. The belieft that nature is something to be vexed and tortured to the compliance of man will not satisfy man nor laymen. Natural science finds its proper method when the 'scientist' puts Nature to the question, tortures her by experiment and
wrings from her answers to his questions. The House of Solomon is directly related to these thoughts. "It is dedicated to the study of Works and the Creatures of God" (Bacon, 436). Wonder at religious questions was natural, but, permitted free reign, would destroy science by absorbing the minds and concerns of men. The singular advantage of Christianity is its irrationality.

The divine soul was a matter for religion to handle. The irrational soul was open to study and understanding by man using the methods of science.

The society of the NEW ATLANTIS is a scientific society. It is dominated by scientists and guided by science. Science conquers chance and determines change thus creating a regime permanently pleasant. Bensalem, meaning "perfect son" in Hebrew, has shunned the misfortunes of time, vice and decay. Bensalem seems to combine the blessedness of jerusalem and the pleasures and conveniences of Babylon. In Bacon's NEW ATLANTIS, the need for man to be driven does not exist.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Francis Bacon." 26 Feb 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on `` Revenge `` By Francis Bacon

- People say that doing something to a person that made bad to you is an alternative to get that feeling that he had what he deserved too, but what about if all that retaliation or revenge ends up in bad terms and in bad conditions. We don’t think about reality itself, about what my happen if I do this or what may happen if I do that, but all though thinking ad a human being makes us seek for that interest and that revenge and submission to portray the other person that he did wrong. Some people say that our life is about revenge, that the best revenge in life is keep living and being successful....   [tags: Thought, Human, Francis Bacon, A Story]

Research Papers
1019 words (2.9 pages)

Analysis of Francis Bacon's The Four Idols Essay

- Analysis of Francis Bacon's The Four Idols      In "The Four Idols," Francis Bacon discusses the concept of what fundamentally stands in the way of a human using the correct way of arriving upon a conclusion. Bacon believes there are four falsehoods that delay people from uncovering what they need to: the idols of the tribe, cave, marketplace and theater. At first I thought that these idols did not apply to humans at all, but now, after careful consideration, I understand how each idol relates to humankind....   [tags: Four Idols Essays Francis Bacon Human Nature]

Research Papers
1019 words (2.9 pages)

Essay The Influence of Francis Bacon

- All modern essay writing owes its beginnings to Sir Francis Bacon, who is also known as the father of the English essay. He created the formal essay using his own simple, yet complex style by proving a point. He was also the first writer to publish a collection of essays, which were so unique that its form became a genre in literature. Bacon’s influential works were vastly impacted by the tenets of the Renaissance period. Even Thomas Jefferson, one of the founding fathers of our nation, credited being influenced by Bacon’s essays (McDougal 454)....   [tags: Modern Essay Writings]

Research Papers
1133 words (3.2 pages)

Francis Bacon's Contributions to History Essay

- “A wise man will make more opportunities than he finds.” who knows which famous writer said this. Have you ever heard of the famous writer Francis Bacon. Many of you may have heard of him. For the people who haven’t, you should know he was not the inventor of bacon. He is very famous for other reasons. Today you will learn about his life, what his careers were, why he was famous, and his contributions to history. His life started on the date of January 22, 1561. He was born in the city of London in England....   [tags: corruption, philosophy, writer]

Research Papers
702 words (2 pages)

Essay about Francis Bacon Was Shakespeare

- The point of this research paper is to prove that Francis Bacon was Shakespeare. However, the fact of who really wrote the writings of Shakespeare is still unknown today. Many researchers have come up with a list of candidates that have the traits or characteristics of Shakespeare. The list includes Queen Elizabeth I, Edward de Vere, Francis Bacon, Christopher Marlow, and William Stanley. There is even a possibility of William Shakespeare being the actual writer of his works. At the top of that list is Francis Bacon, who had an almost direct match the thinking and personality of Shakespeare when reviewing his literature....   [tags: classic, shakespeare]

Research Papers
1115 words (3.2 pages)

Francis Bacon Essay

- He went to Trinity College when he was twelve years old. He wrote more than thirty philosophical works. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1584. Who is this intelligent person. Francis Bacon. Intelligent and daring, Francis Bacon wrote many letters to important people and philosophical works. Bacon was born in London, England on January 22, 1561. His father was Sir Nicholas Bacon who was a lord keeper of the great seal and his mother was Lady Anne Coke Bacon. She was daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, who was the tutor to the Tudor royal family....   [tags: Biography]

Free Essays
671 words (1.9 pages)

Essay on Francis Bacon

- Francis Bacon grew from poverty to expand his career as a British politician & entrepreneur and wrote prominent essays on humanism and innovative scientific philosophy. Most notably known as “the father of the English essay,” (McDougal 455) Bacon’s influential works were vastly impacted by the tenets of the Renaissance period. Even Thomas Jefferson, one of the founding fathers of our nation, credited being influenced by Bacon’s essays (McDougal 455). One of the core ideologies determined by his works is humanism which depicts how logic and knowledge derived from ancient Greek and Roman records can provide the best guides for learning and living....   [tags: Biography, Politician, Entrepreneur]

Research Papers
1281 words (3.7 pages)

Francis Bacon Essay examples

- Francis Bacon’s self portrait is a haunting image that evokes thoughts of the human body’s fragility, especially the aged human body. This piece is a reflection of mortality and death expressed with melancholy colors and sparse imagery. The viewer is forced to reflect on the impact of time on the body and how time is the real Grim Reaper bringing us closer to death. The pose of Bacon’s body in a bleak environment brings to mind an empty waiting room and how life is like a vast waiting room with its inhabitants watching as all their friends and family are called into whatever lies beyond....   [tags: Art Techniques, Analysis. Self Portrait]

Research Papers
1050 words (3 pages)

Essay on Francis Bacon - The Portraits

- Francis Bacon - The Portraits Francis Bacon was born in Dublin, Ireland to English parents. When F. Bacon grow up and was more independent he then travelled to Berlin were he spent most of his time there. He then moved onto Paris, before returning to London and starting out as an interior designer. Bacon never attended art school; he only began his work in watercolours about 1926 – 27. An exhibition of works by Pablo Picasso inspired him to make his first drawings and paintings. The influence of the biomorphic figures in Picasso’s work is apparent in Bacons first major painting of his mature period ‘Three Studies for Figures’ at the base of a Crucifixion 1944....   [tags: Visual Arts Paintings Art]

Free Essays
640 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on Francis Bacon

- Francis Bacon Francis Bacon was the founder of the modern scientific method. The focus on the new scientific method is on orderly experimentation. For Bacon, experiments that produce results are important. Bacon pointed out the need for clear and accurate thinking, showing that any mastery of the world in which man lives was dependent upon careful understanding. This understanding is based solely yyon the facts of this world and not as the ancients held it in ancient philosophy. This new modern science provides the foundation for modern political science....   [tags: science]

Free Essays
1496 words (4.3 pages)

Related Searches

Scarcity is eliminated thereby eliminating
the need for money. "But thus, you see, we maintain a trade, not for gold, silver or jewels... nor for any other commodity of matter, but only for God's first creature which was light" (Bacon, 437). This shows a devotion to truth rather than victory and it emphasizes the Christian piety to which the scientist is disposed by virtue of his science. As man observes and brings the fruits of his observations together, he discover likenesseees anbd differences among events and objects in the universe. In this way he will establish laws among happenings upon which he can base all subsequent action.

Bacon realized that sometimes religious ideas and the discoveries of nature and careful observations were contradictory but he argued that society must believe both.

The NEW ATLANTIS begins with the description of a ship lost at sea.

The crew "lift up their hearts and voices to God above, who showeth his wonders in the deep, beseeching him of his mercy" (Bacon, 419). Upon spotting land and discerning natives the sailors praise God. When a boarding party comes to their ship to deliver messages, none of the natives speak. Rather, the messages are delivered written on scrolls of parchment. The parchment is "signed with a stamp of cherubins' wings... and by them a cross" (Bacon, 420).

To the sailors, the cross was "a great rejoicing, and as it were a certain presage of good" (Bacon, 420). After the natives leave and return to the ship, they stop and ask "Are ye Christians?" (Bacon, 421). When the sailors confirm that they are, they are taken to the island of Bensalem. On Bensalem, the sailors are 'confined' to their resting place and are attended to according to their needs. The sailors reply, "God surely is manifested in this land" (Bacon, 424). Upon talking to the governor the next day, he exclaims "Ye knit my heart to you by yyasking this question, [the hope that
they might meet heaven], in the first place, for it showeth that you first seek the kingdom of heaven" (Bacon, 427). This is not true. The sailors have already sought food, shelter and care of the sick. In other words, they had sought self preservation. As Bacon put it, "they had already prepared for death" (Bacon, 419).

After the Feast of the Family, the father of Salomon's House has a conference with the travelers. The fater says, "I will give the greatest jewel that I have. For I will impart to thee... a relation of the true state of Salomon's House" (Bacon, 447). The greatest 'jewel' is not one of monetary value but of knowledge. The father continues, "The End of our Foundation is the Knowledge of Causes and secret motion of things, and the enlarging of the bounds of Human Empire, to the affecting of all things possible" (bacon, 447).

This is the turning point from religion to science and science becoming the new civil religion. From this comes the ability of human rule over Nature.

It was stated before that they were interested in "God's first creature which was light" (Bacon, 437). This contradicts an earlier statment that "It is dedicated to the study of Works and Creatures of God" (Bacon, 436). The former obviously an indication to science as the latter is to religion.

Bacon stresses the importance of 'light' as the precursor of 'fruit' to suggest that they are following the divine instrument. There are two images used by Bacon to refer to knowledge, torture and light. The torture refers to the violent twisting of nature's secrets. Nature must be conquered but is not adverse to the conquest. The forces of Nature are against us, but in a rather passive manner. Light, on the other hand, is the meaning for natural philosophy. From Salomon's housem there go forth 'merchants of light' and 'lamps'. Light is identified with truth. Supposing that light is
symbolic of natural philosophy, then it dismisses the case of light being divine philosophy. The light in Bacon is primarily the light of Nature. The obvious contrast here is one between "gold and silver and light" (Bacon, 437).

Light, here is noble where gold and silver are base. The 'noble light' is for the benificence of all man. Bcaon took the modern spirit and weaved them together so as to suggest a method by which man could master the universe. He did this to the end that he might exhibit therein a model or description of a college instituted for the interpreting of nature and the producing of great works for the benefit of man.

The island community of Bensalem also has "two long and fair galleries" (Bacon, 456). In one gallery the native place all manner of patterns and samples of rare and excellent inventions. In the other gallery are placed statues of inventors. It is interesting to note here that while the island and its natives act in "so civil a fashion" (Bacon, 423) in professing to be Christian and religious that they place science so high on their list. Science is placed so high that instead of havingstatues of God and his works, they erect statues of inventors of the western world thereby showing their commonness and baseness to human preservation. They do, however, have "certain hymns and services, which (we) say daily, of laud and praise to God for his marvellous works" (Bacon, 457).
But, even this is done "for the illumination of (their) labors and the turning of them into good and holy uses" (Bacon, 457). The statues are erected to the memory of what the
natives consider most important for in Bacon, the scientists are a consecrated priesthood.

In Bacon's NEW ATLANTIS, religion plays an important role. However, it is a role of coverup. It covers up the true idea that Bacon is trying to get across - science as the new civil religion. Although he relegated religion into a realm of its own outside of and different from philosophy, he held that there were religious laws that man must obey whether or not they appeared reasonable. By freeing theology and philosophy, Bacon was able to shape philosophy so that it might undertake an unbiased study of the universe.
This left man subject to the will of God and thereby shorn of his freedom. It is obvious that this creation could not long satisfy the thinking mind as it was far too contradictory. The laymen have a genuine thirst for knowledge yet they cannot know what is uncovered either by religion or by science.
Return to