The Red River Settlement

The Red River Settlement

Length: 726 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The Red River Settlement

The Red River Settlement was founded by the Fifth Earl of Selkirk, Thomas Douglas, In
the year 1812. He called his settlement Aissinidoia. Aissinidoia was a close knit community whose economy was built around the Hudson Bay Company. The settlement was split into two major groupings: The French speaking and predominate Roman Catholic Metis and the English speaking and predominate Protestant “country born”.

The Earl of Selkirk, Thomas Douglas, bought the Hudson Bay Company in 1811 and was
able to get a grant of land for 300 000km2. The Earl called this settlement Aissinidoia. The Earl hoped his settlement would attract some former Hudson Bay Company employees. He hoped the settlement would produce enough food for his company.

The Metis were half-breed French/Natives. They were extremely helpful to the settlers
when the first moved to the red river area. Some historians believe that if it was not for the Metis that the settlement would not have survived. Eventually the Metis allied with the North West Company who were highly opposed to the Hudson Bay Company moving in. The Nor’westers were worried that they could lose their fur supply and pemmican.

In 1815 the Nor’westers tempted people to move to Upper Canada with offers of better
land. The Earl of Selkirk quickly resettled the colony. Some tension between the nor’westers, with their allies the Metis, and the settlers led to violence. North West Company men and half-breeds now resorted to violence on a large scale, killing 22 in the massacre of Seven Oaks (June 19, 1816). Upon hearing of the violence the earl went to the fighting with a group of Swiss soldiers. Not only did they win the battle but also captured the Nor’westers trading post of Fort William. Other attacks followed. The result of these moves was a series of court charges and counter charges that ruined Selkirk. When Lord Selkirk's legal battles were finally settled, he returned to England.
He died in France in the year 1820, just a few months before the two bickering companies resolved their differences and merged.

Once Selkirk heard what happened he made his way to where the fight was happening with
some Swiss soldiers. Selkirk re-established his colony and also took controlled fort William. The last fight proved to be the last straw for the fur trade companies in the area.

The Red River Cart was an excellent transportation method invented by the Metis.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Red River Settlement." 20 Jan 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

History Of The Mississippi River Essay

- The History of the Mississippi River Rivers have been extremely important to the history of the world. They have shaped mountains, valleys, and even cultures. Rivers are extremely important to the individuals who live in the areas around them. Native Americans, colonists, and us today use rivers in some way or another. And one of the biggest rivers in American history is of course the Mississippi River. At 2,340 miles long the Mississippi river is the second longest river in the United States....   [tags: Mississippi River, River, Louisiana, New Orleans]

Research Papers
2392 words (6.8 pages)

The Red River War Of 1874 Essay

- The Red River War of 1874 During the summer of 1874, the U. S. Army launched a campaign to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indian tribes from the Southern Plains and enforce their relocation to reservations in Indian Territory. The actions of 1874 were unlike any prior attempts by the Army to pacify this area of the western frontier. The Red River War led to the end of an entire way of life for the Southern Plains tribes and brought about a new chapter in Texas history....   [tags: American History]

Free Essays
1075 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Canada: Metis Population

- During the late 19th century, Canada’s relationship with its Metis population was strained and full of hardships. The conflict began with the transfer of Rupert’s Land from the Hudson’s Bay Company to the Government of Canada, without the consultation or consent of the Metis who resided therein. The Canadian Government sent surveyors out to plot land occupied by Metis people before the transfer was completed, and the survey team was met with opposition by a Metis party led by Louis Riel. The Metis formed a provisional government, and a pro-Canadian party formed to resist the Metis, but resulted in the execution of Thomas Scott, a Protestant whose death caused turmoil among English speaking c...   [tags: provisional government, red river colony]

Research Papers
1892 words (5.4 pages)

Hydrosphere of the Mississippi River Essay

- Hydrosphere of the Mississippi River A Case Study of * River management * People interfering in the hydrosphere * A flood management scheme River Basin / Catchment area The source of the river is the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains to the north. There are many hundreds of tributaries including the Red River, Missouri river and the river Ohio. The mountains form the river's watershed. From Minneapolis the river flows South-East into Iowa where it flows south as far as Davenport....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
407 words (1.2 pages)

Little Red Cap Is The Tale Of A Girl Essays

- Little Red Cap is the tale of a girl who wonders off the beaten path exposing herself to the unknown dangers of the forest. A story used to crate fear in children, more precisely young girls, who at the time were considered too vulnerable to be on their own. Red Cap and her Grandmother are weak and defenseless against the predator wolf and they are saved only by the heroics of the Huntsman who sees the danger they are in. Princess Mononoke however tells the story of a boy who travels through the forests of Japan to free himself of a curse and defeat an unknown evil residing with in....   [tags: Family, Brothers Grimm, Princess Mononoke]

Research Papers
1645 words (4.7 pages)

The First Major Land Acquisition Essay

- The United States consisted of only the original thirteen colonies, until the Treaty of Paris of 1783 recognized the United States as an independent nation after having won the American Revolutionary War. As a result, Great Britain provided the U.S. with all the land from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River, which basically doubled the size of the size of our country. Surprisingly, the U.S. managed to expand from sea to sea in less than one hundred years from its birth through a series of land acquisitions from other countries....   [tags: United States, Mississippi River]

Research Papers
1274 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Red, White, and Black

- The complexities of race effected the Jacksonian era through the shrewdness of the white man’s desires for economic expansion. Democracy, during its infancy in early nineteenth century America, considered all ‘people’ as equals. However, this designation of ‘people’ excluded African and Native Americans. The institution of slavery was a return investment venture for southern planters in their greed for the production of more staple crops. Many white Americans led extravagant lifestyles from the large incomes they received from the labors of their property....   [tags: American History, Jacksonian Era]

Research Papers
1137 words (3.2 pages)

The Colorado River's Help and Hindrance of Settlement in the Western United States

- The Colorado River's Help and Hindrance of Settlement in the Western United States Geographers can tell you that the one thing that most rivers and their adjacent flood plains in the world have in common is that they have rich histories associated with human settlement and development. This especially true in arid regions which are very dependent upon water. Two excellent examples are the Nile and the Tigris-Euphrates rivers which show use the relationship between rivers and concentrations of people....   [tags: Colorado River Geography American History Essays]

Free Essays
4952 words (14.1 pages)

Essay The Flood Of The Mississippi River

- The Mississippi river is a Powerful and Ancient river that has changed very much over the millennia it’s been around. The Atchafalaya, which is a distributary of the Mississippi river had to be controlled by building dams and levees in the early 60’s and is still being monitored today. The Atchafalaya was beginning to divert the water in the Mississippi river to it and many people in the United States did not want this as it would virtually destroy the port cities along the Mississippi and therefore destroy the United States economy....   [tags: Mississippi River, River, Atchafalaya River]

Research Papers
1113 words (3.2 pages)

Green River Running Red Essay

- Green River Running Red by Ann Rule,is a book that depicts the story of King County Sheriff’s investigation and hunt for a serial killer who 20 years after his first killing would be identified as Gary Leon Ridgeway. Now that i’ve read about some of Ridgeway’s forty-eight victims and their lives of prostitution before he murdered them along with the details of each murder investigation, I will lay out two crime scenes as described in the book and the process in which they were investigated in the 1980’s....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Ann Rule]

Research Papers
1902 words (5.4 pages)

Related Searches

man could drive up to 10 carts carrying up to 550 kg each. They would tie the following ox to the back of the lead cart. etc. They were mainly used for carrying hides and furs.
Sometimes the carts would follow hunting parties and haul the slain animals. In the years in and around 1856 almost all goods in the Red River region were being transported by these carts. One of the best facts about these carts is how simple they were. They could easily be repaired in the middle of the prairie with very few tools. They were made only of wood and were pulled by an ox or a pony. Trains of one hundred to two hundred carts would all leave a town at once. The cart shortly became a symbol of the Metis and the trails that the carts followed became known as Red River trails. In 1878 Harper’s Magazine included a description of the Red River Cart which I have included here:
“It is simply a light box with a pair of shafts, mounted on an axle connecting two enormous wheels. Ther is no concession made to the aversion of the human frame to sudden violent changes of level; there is no weakness of luxury about this vehicle. The wheels are broad in the felloes (rims), so as not to cut through the prairie sod. They are long in the spokes, so as to pass safely through fords and mudholes. They are very much dished so that they can be strapped together and rawhide stretched over them to make a boat. The whole cart is made of wood; there is not a bit of metal about it, so that, if anything breaks, the material to repair it is easily found.

The axles are never greased and they furnish an incessant answer to the old conundrum: "What makes more noise than a pig in a poke?”
Return to