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Summary: Why Gatsby failed to achieve Daisy? To some extent, it may be a tragedy of society and Jay Gatsby’s fault. He was born and grew up in an era of decayed social and moral value. Further more, he can’t know himself and others distinctly Jay Gatsby was born in rural north Dakota and spent his childhood there. Because he grew up in the rural area,as usual he could bear trouble and difficulty in his life. But he was not of that kind of poor children. From his early youth, Gatsby despised poverty and longed for wealth and sophistication. He dropped out of St.olaf College after two weeks, Because he couldn’t bear the tiring and difficult job with which he was paying his tuition. He was hunger for wealth ,but he just had the desire which didn’t work.
The year after he dropped out, he worked on Lake Superior fishing for salmon and digging for clams. One day, he saw a yacht owned by Dan Cody who was a wealthy copper mogul and rowed out to warn him about a coming storm. The grateful Cody took young Gtz, who gave his name as Jay Gatsby. On board, Gatsby worked as Cody’s personal assistant. Traveling with Cody to the Barbary Coast and the West. At that time ,Gatsby fell love with wealth and luxury. When Cody died, he left Gatsby $25,000. But Cody’s mistress prevented him from claiming his inheritance. Gatsby then dedicated himself to becoming a wealthy and successful man. At the same time ,he had gained the skills of making money which was vital to his success, However, his poor background and exorbitant desire for wealth and success were obstacles to him.
After World War I ,the generation of young Americans who had fought the war became intensely disillusioned, as the brutal carnage that had just faced made the Victorian social morality of early-twentieth-century America like stuffy. The dizzying rise of the social market in the aftermath of the war led to a sudden, sustained increase in the national wealth and a newfound materialism, as people began to spend and consume at unprecedented levels. A person from any social background could, Potentially, make a fortune, but the American aristocracy-families with old wealth-scorned the newly rich industrialists and speculators. Additionally, the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment in 1919,which banned the sale of alcohol, created a thriving underworld designed to satisfy the massive demand of bootleg liquor among rich and poor alike.
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The ban was both opportunity and challenge to Gatsby, He could make money through illegal way, Of course, he could make money through legal way with his intelligence. Unfortunately, he was influenced by the society, the way he chose was illegal which coursed his failure, because it was impossible for him to step on the ranking society which was what Daisy pursued.
At first, he couldn’t know himself completely. He lacked of self-confidence, he changed his name from James Gatz to Jay Gatsby. He held every Saturday night Party to show his wealth, he lied to Daisy about his own background. He didn’t believe in himself.
However, he had enough faith in his beautiful dream, which made him seem confident. He was just like a religious man, he believed in future not now and himself. He could make so much money, which proved that he is a man of great ability and capacity, he could be an successful man and achieve Daisy’s love, because he is great. But he did realize this.
He also didn’t know Daisy well, Daisy is a beautiful young woman from Louisville , Kentucky. Daisy promised to wait for Gatsby, but in 1919 she chose instead to marry Tom Buchanan ,a young man from a solid , aristocratic family who could promise her a wealthy lifestyle and who had the support of her parents, from the novel , Daisy was a woman who couldn’t bear lonesome and loneness. She betrayed Gatsby, the love between Gatsby and Daisy couldn’t be tested by time.
To Gatsby, Daisy represents the paragon of perfection –she has the aura of charm, wealth, so sophistication, grace, and aristocracy that he longed for as a child in North Dakota and that attracted him to her. In reality, She is beautiful and charming , but also fickle, shallow, bored, and sardonic. She was even indifferent to her own infant daughter. She said “I hope she’ll be a fool-that’s best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool.” Daisy wasn’t worthwhile to love, Gatsby didn’t know what Daisy wanted most, Daisy wanted social position which wealthy Gatsby couldn’t offer.
Giving up is a kind of beauty and happiness which Gatsby couldn’t understand, he just look at one goal firmly ignoring too many beauties, he didn’t know the value of life, What he wanted might destroy the family of Tom and Daisy, which is not fair to Daisy’s daughter.
Through Gatsby’s experience, Gatsby is a successful man. In the end, he is a failure. We had some idea on how to achieve success. There is a Chinese motto that to know yourself and your enemy is the key success. Maybe this is the best conclusion and for Gatsby’s tragedy.