Coal

Coal

Length: 654 words (1.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Coal


Coal, a product of decay from plants older than 350 million years, is an integral part of energy production in the United States. Coal provides 56.9% of electricity generation in the United States.[1] With many different types of coal found in different states, the U.S. remains second to Russia in the number of estimated worldwide coal reserves.[2] Between the years of 1885-1950, coal was the most important fuel. One half ton of coal produced as much energy as two tons of wood and at half the cost.[3] Even today, there is, on a Btu basis, about one hundred times as much energy in the coal reserves of the United States as there is in either the oil or natural gas reserves.[4] But coal is also a rather variable energy substance as the different ranks, or measure of degree of change from the peat stage, affects the heating value and sulfur content of the coal.

From low rank to high rank, the different types of coal are ordered as follows: lignite, subbituminous, bituminous, and anthracite. Low rank coal tends to have a smoky flame and easy ignition whereas high rank coal is known for its clean flame and difficult ignition.[5] All of these types of coals can be found in three major United States regions known as The Appalachian Basin, The Illinois Basin, and the northern Great Plains and Rocky Mountain region.[6]

To recover coal from these significantly large coal reserves, workers use a process
called strip mining. By using this process, strip miners can recover all the coal in a deposit, and each worker achieves very high productivity, recovering 30-40 tons per worker per day. Sixty percent of coal in the United States comes from strip mining. [7] While strip mining was at one time a dangerous career choice, the coal mining industry is now recognized as one of the safest, with a lower rate of injuries and illnesses per 100 employees than the agriculture, construction or retail trades.[8]

A great problem with coal, which has lead to somewhat slow increases in coal production since 1920, has been the environmental impacts involved with surface mining, the effect of CO2 emissions on global climate, and health effects of SO2 and particulate emissions.[9] In 1952 in London, England, 12,000 people died and many become ill due to high concentrations of SO2.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Coal." 123HelpMe.com. 28 Feb 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=35149>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Impacts Of Coal Mining Essay

- The Impacts of Coal Mining “America the beautiful, for amber waves of grain, for purple mountains majesties, above the fruited plain” (Bates, 1893). These words written by poet Katherine Lee Bates in 1893 offered her view of America and the landscapes that stretched out before her. At the same time Kathrine was experiencing visions that inspired her to write America the Beautiful, The United States was in the middle of experiencing The Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was largely responsible for the role it played in the utilization of coal....   [tags: Coal, Natural gas, Coal mining]

Research Papers
1055 words (3 pages)

Coal Is A Nonrenewable Resource Essay examples

- Coal has been the primary source of energy for the United States for quite a long time. In 2014 it accounted for 39% of the total energy produced by our nation, and in 2003, 92% of all coal was used for energy production. The US is currently heavily invested in the coal industry, and finding an alternative energy source would be an arduous process. Unfortunately though, coal is a nonrenewable resource, and it greatly affects our ecosystem negatively. Coal mining is the leading contributor to the human-made increase of CO2 in the atmosphere....   [tags: Coal, Natural gas, Mining, Coal mining]

Research Papers
706 words (2 pages)

Essay on The History and Future of Coal

- Introduction Coal has been around since the extinctions of prehistoric environments and is a byproduct of those environments (Jerrett, 2011). Coal was the gold of industry when it first started out. Coal has made many countries like China and the United States very powerful (World Coal Association, 2012). What are the processes that go into the making of organic coal to make it ancient and very limited. Figure 1 Coal Producers by Rank (World Coal Association, 2012) Some people do not understand how certain coal seams belong to certain geologic periods....   [tags: Coal Research paper]

Free Essays
3144 words (9 pages)

Coal Chemistry and Technology Essay example

- 1. Coal formation Coal was formed from remains of plants from several hundred millions years ago partially decomposed. These remains were settled in regions where waterlogged or swampy regions prevailed. These conditions avoid complete decomposition making possible the gradual peat formation. Peat is not considered coal actually, but is an essential step to coal formation. This formation process is called "coalification" and it is essentially a progressive change from peat to anthracite passing through different types of coals....   [tags: Coal Research Paper ]

Research Papers
1225 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Coal Tar Production

- ... It is heavier than water. It is “practically insoluble” in water, whereas “all or almost all” dissolves in benzene or nitrobenzene (Budavari 1989). According to EPA 1994 & IARC 1985, CCT contains approximately 10,000 compounds which consist of 48% hydrocarbons, 42% carbon and 10% water. The chemical composition of coal tar depends upon the temperature of distillation (IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risk Chem Hum. 1985, ). The high content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is found in high-temperature (lOOO-1300°C) coal tars whereas low-temperature (400-700°C) coal tar contains high amount of phenols and tar acids....   [tags: characteristics, crude coal]

Research Papers
1072 words (3.1 pages)

Dangers Of Coal Mining Essay

- What comes to mind when you think of coal mining. If you're like me, coal mining means living in darkness and a cold hearted industry. Other words that come to mind are poverty and oppression. Coal mining is not a job that you dream about or get a degree for. People who are coal miners do not chose a life full of danger and repression, they get stuck with it. There are many dangers that come along with coal mining, not only for the workers, but for the environment. Coal mining and the coal industry have caused irreversible damage to our environment and has killed innocent miners....   [tags: Profession Coal Coal Mining Mines]

Free Essays
907 words (2.6 pages)

Coal Mining and Its Impacts Essay

- Coal Mining and Its Impacts Coal is a hard, black colored rock-like substance. It is made up of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and varying amount of sulphur. Coal was form as decomposition took place in the absence of oxygen and much of the hydrogen content of the matter was eroded away, leaving a material rich in carbon. The material was compressed over the years by sand and dirt, leaving the form of a carbon known as coal. The different types of coals are Anthracite, bituminous, lignite, peat, coke, and charcoal....   [tags: Coal Dangers Mines Essays Papers]

Research Papers
978 words (2.8 pages)

Clean Coal and Its Potential Essay

- Clean Coal and Its Potential With the United States' increasing addiction for petroleum and imported energy, many organizations have begun to pressure government agencies to consider cleaner methods for fuel. As evident from recent government spending, the current administration favors the generation of electricity through a fossil fuel abundant in the United States; coal. Though coal is widely seen as a cheap source of energy, it contains many drawbacks: it’s emissions. Clean coal alternatives are available and they appear to have a promising future in the world of non-renewable energy....   [tags: Energy Coal Fuel Essays Papers]

Research Papers
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Coal Fires Essay

- Coal Fires I’ve long been familiar with the concept of coal mines, but a common occurrence I was unfamiliar with previous to this class was the concept of coal mine fires, but it is a huge problem, both economically and environmentally. Perhaps the most infamous American example of a coal mine fire is Centralia, a town in the anthracite region of eastern Pennsylvania. Centralia was like any other coal town until one fateful day in 1962, when a heap of burning trash in a dump that doubled as a mine stripping pit quickly spread to other parts of the mine....   [tags: Fire Coal Mining Essays]

Free Essays
718 words (2.1 pages)

Coal Essay

- Coal Coal, a product of decay from plants older than 350 million years, is an integral part of energy production in the United States. Coal provides 56.9% of electricity generation in the United States.[1] With many different types of coal found in different states, the U.S. remains second to Russia in the number of estimated worldwide coal reserves.[2] Between the years of 1885-1950, coal was the most important fuel. One half ton of coal produced as much energy as two tons of wood and at half the cost.[3] Even today, there is, on a Btu basis, about one hundred times as much energy in the coal reserves of the United States as there is in either the oil or natural gas reserves.[4]...   [tags: Coal Environment Economy Economics Essays]

Free Essays
654 words (1.9 pages)

Related Searches

With such a dangerous emissions involved with coal production, many federal regulations have been passed to prevent these types of problems and allow for the continuation of the production of coal.

Despite some controllable environmental difficulties, coal remains an essential energy resource for the United States, and the world. Coal is the most used resource for electricity production as nine of every 10 tons of coal used in the United States are for electricity generation.[10] In round numbers, the estimated resource of coal in the United States will last 1500 years at our current consumption rate.[11] With this type of availability, there is no doubt that coal will continue to be an important energy source.

References

[1] Lecture notes, Jan. 30, 2002

[2] Kraushaar, Jack J., and Robert A. Ristinen. Energy and the Environment. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999. pg.53

[3] Energy Information Administration. U.S. Government. 12 March 2002 <http://www.eia.doe.gov/>.

[4] Kraushaar, Jack J., and Robert A. Ristinen. Energy and the Environment. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999. pg.52

[5] Lecture notes, Feb. 11, 2002

[6] Kraushaar, Jack J., and Robert A. Ristinen. Energy and the Environment. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999. pg.52

[7] Lecture notes, March 13, 2002

[8] Energy Information Administration. U.S. Government. 12 March 2002 <http://www.eia.doe.gov/>.

[9] Kraushaar, Jack J., and Robert A. Ristinen. Energy and the Environment. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999. pg.53

[10] Energy Information Administration. U.S. Government. 12 March 2002 <http://www.eia.doe.gov/>.)

[11] Kraushaar, Jack J., and Robert A. Ristinen. Energy and the Environment. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1999. pg.53
Return to 123HelpMe.com