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Rhyme, Scheme and Meaning in A Poison Tree
In many cases, poems are very abrupt and awkward sounding when read or spoken aloud. A simple solution to end a poem’s awkwardness is a rhyme scheme. Many poems don’t rhyme for reasons of subject matter but to make the poem more interesting and easier to read the poet uses rhyming words. In many cases, poets use end rhyme, which is using words that rhyme in the end of the phrase or sentence of each sentence. “A Poison Tree” by William Blake is a great example of end rhyme used in poetry.
When one looks at the title, “ A Poison Tree” one can assume the poem is going to be about some sort of fauna. When the reader goes on to read the poem in its entirety, one sees “ A Poison Tree” is simply a symbolic title. The poem begins with someone telling of his wrath for a friend. He had once told a friend why he was mad at or angry with him. When he spoke to the friend, the irritation went away. In another instance, he was also angry with his enemy. He had never told his enemy basically that he held him with the title of “enemy” and his angst or hate for him grew. The poem takes on an “AA, BB” end rhyme scheme in that a sentence (in a group of two) will rhyme with the next.
The poet continues the poem exclaiming what he had to deal with while trying to hide his hate for his enemy. He had basically tried to hide his hate or anger for his enemy out of fear. “And I sunned it with smiles, and with soft deceitful wiles” is a phrase in the poem that shows that the person speaking in the poem also tried to hide his hate for his foe. The sentences in the poem continue to rhyme one after another in groups of two.
The third part in the poem exclaims what happened to the hate and anger he tried to hide while hiding it from his foe. His hate “grew both day and night” which can basically sum up that what the speaker really has is angst towards his enemy. Finally his angst grew so much that it could not be hidden anymore and his enemy found out about his “secret”.
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The last part of the poem leads the reader to lots of different interpretations. One can interpret that “ in the morning glad I see my foe outstrech’d beneath the tree” as the speakers enemy taking in the hidden hate he had for him. The enemy might now be going through life differently knowing that the speaker has hate for him. The foe may have been standing under the tree waiting for the “apple bright” to fall down so he can finally deal with it in his life (the apple bright would be the speakers hate for him). When looking at the title “A Poison Tree” the reader can go on to conclude that that “apple bright” would be poisonous and that the speaker’s foe should not take the supposed hate lightly. To conclude, in “A Poison Tree” ever sentence, in groups of two,rhymes at the end making it a great example of “end rhyme”.