The History of the Internet

The History of the Internet

Length: 1006 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The History of the Internet

The Internet is the latest and most powerful invention that has expanded the world’s communication. It has greater effects on our civilization than any other previous inventions. It has reached every corner of the globe. It has interconnected the world and created an electronic village. Unlike any previous human inventions, the Internet is a wide common resource for all people. Anyone can say whatever he/she wants to say and this can be heard by anyone else with access to the Internet. Cairncross (2001) states “never has anyone invention shot from obscurity to global flame in quite this way” (p.75). According to Cairncross, in 1990, only a few academics had heard of the Internet. In 1995, it was possible to write a book on the future of the computer and communications industries without mentioning the Internet. However, by 2000, “perhaps 385 million people around the world had acquired a new global source of information on a giant scale” (p.75). Thanks to the Internet, the 21st century people live in a world-wide community. In this community, there is no domination of one language or culture over another. Nothing can govern the type of information permissible on the Internet. The Internet has really become important for all of the people in the world. In order to understand the evolution of the Internet, a short history of the people and communities that brought the Internet may be useful as well as essential. In the following paragraphs we will provide a brief introduction about the history of the Internet; why it was started and how it came to be.

Before the Internet, personal computers did not exist. The size of the computers was very large. At that time, these giant computers “cost hundreds of thousands of dollars, filled entire rooms, and they were very complicated and very expensive to run” (Wolinsky, 1999, p.7).

In 1957, there was a great deal of tension between the former Soviet Union and the United States. Although the two countries were not involved in a real war, the US government was concerned about a possibility of a nuclear attack. This period is known as the Cold War. After the Soviet Union had launched the first space satellite, Sputnik, on October, 1957, the US government decided to catch up with the Soviet Union technology. It managed to “connect major computing centers around the United States so that they could work together and communicate” (Wolinsky, 1999, p.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The History of the Internet." 18 Nov 2018

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

History of the Internet Essay

- What we know today as the Internet began as a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) project in 1969, which was designed to connect several research databases across the country. However, until the end of 1991, the advances were almost completely technical, as the goals set by those responsible in its growth were beyond what the hardware was capable of providing. In 1988, the Internet began to receive attention in the popular press, when the first documented computer virus was released at Cornell University....   [tags: Internet]

Research Papers
1850 words (5.3 pages)

History of the Internet Essay

- Background The Net Generation is a popular term used to describe children born after the development of the Internet, a publicly available Global Communications Network. It was first used in 1998 by Donald Tapscott; a social commentator observing how young people were using new Internet technologies, such as the World Wide Web (WWW), with apparent ease and confidence. When the term first appeared, it was quickly circulated via the Internet and the attributes assigned to the Net Generation were rapidly adopted by the popular media....   [tags: internet]

Research Papers
603 words (1.7 pages)

Essay about The History of the Internet

- The History of the Internet The Internet is the latest and most powerful invention that has expanded the world’s communication. It has greater effects on our civilization than any other previous inventions. It has reached every corner of the globe. It has interconnected the world and created an electronic village. Unlike any previous human inventions, the Internet is a wide common resource for all people. Anyone can say whatever he/she wants to say and this can be heard by anyone else with access to the Internet....   [tags: Technology Computer Essays]

Free Essays
1006 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on The History Of The Internet

- Term Paper: The History of the Internet The Internet began like most things in our society, that is to say that the government started it. The Internet started out as a experimental military network in the 60's. Doug Engelbart prototypes an "Online System" (NLS) which does hypertext browsing editing, email, and so on. The Internet is a worldwide broadcasting resource used for distributing information and a source for interaction between people on their computers. In 1973, the U.S....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
778 words (2.2 pages)

The History of the Internet Essay

- The History of the Internet When one thinks of the internet, one may think of America Online, Yahoo!, or of Sandra Bullock being caught up in an espionage conspiracy. For me, it is a means of communication. A way to talk to some of my friends who live off in distant places such as Los Angeles, New Jersey, and the Philippines. The U.S. Defense Department originally had this intent in mind when they connected a computer network with various other radio and satellite networks.[1 Krol] They wanted a means of communicating within the U.S....   [tags: Web Computers Technology Essays]

Research Papers
1265 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on The History Of The Internet

- The History of The Internet Imagine talking about the latest elections with someone three thousand miles away without receiving a tremendous phone bill. Or sending a letter to a friend or relative and having it arrive one second later. How would it feel to know that any source of information is at your fingertips at the press of a button. All of these are possible and more with a system of networks all connected and sending information at light speed from place to place known as the Internet....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
2370 words (6.8 pages)

History Of The Internet Essay

- History of the Internet Works Cited Buick, Joanna and Jevtic, Zoran. Introducing Cyberspace. New York, NY: Totem Books, 1995. Crick, Prof. Rex E. E-Mail History. [Online] Available, December 20, 1999. Hafner, Katie and Lyon, Mathew. Where Wizards Stay up Late. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Inc., 1996. "Internet." Encyclopedia Britannica, 1999 ed. Kristula, Dave. The History of the Internet. [Online] Available, November 19, 1999....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Research Papers
1525 words (4.4 pages)

History of the Internet Essay

- History of the Internet The internet has been a fast progressing technology. It is not quite known who exactly invented it because many people helped invent it. The development of the Internet began to progress very quickly after the invention of the satellite. The Russians put sputnik, the first satellite, into space and the US got scared. The cold war helped facilitate the internet because the US had to compete with other technologies being developed by Russia. Versions of the internet were around at the time (like in Britain), but the government wanted the Internet to be explored more because the US saw benefits of it for the military....   [tags: Expository Essays Research Papers]

Free Essays
441 words (1.3 pages)

Essay on history of the internet

- In 1964, the RAND proposal was put forward. Written by Paul Baran, this proposal stated the principles of a new network which was to be built for maximum strength and flexibility. This new network would have no central authority. The principles of this network were that all the nodes would be equal in status and each could send and receive messages. All the messages would be sent in packets, each with its own address. These packets would be sent at one node and would arrive at another one. This may seem rather obvious, but what was new was that the way the packets went through the net was not important....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
834 words (2.4 pages)

History Of The Internet Essay

- History of The Internet The Internet is a worldwide connection of thousands of computer networks. All of them speak the same language, TCP/IP, the standard protocol. The Internet allows people with access to these networks to share information and knowledge. Resources available on the Internet are chat groups, e-mail, newsgroups, file transfers, and the World Wide Web. The Internet has no centralized authority and it is uncensored. The Internet belongs to everyone and to no one. The Internet is structured in a hierarchy....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
862 words (2.5 pages)

Related Searches


Then, the Pentagon’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) decided to make use of computers for national defense. After many trials, ARPA found a company, BBN Technologies, willing to work with them. The ARPANET used Network Control Protocol as its transmission protocol from 1969 to 1982, when NCP was replaced with the now-widespread TCP/IP.

The first large-scale Internet was created when a set US military computers was interconnected. For the first twenty years of its existence, the Internet was restricted to use by military and universities for the exchange of information. It was found to be an excellent method of sharing information. In 1973, the first international connection was made to the University College of London in England.

The introduction of personal computers in the late 70s brought a large new audience to the development of the Internet. The Internet was growing very rapidly and IRC (Internet Relay Chat) became available in 1988. IRC is a service that allows you to connect to your chosen channel and talk in real-time to people with the same interests as you.

The World-Wide Web

The Internet and World-Wide Web are the greatest telecommunicational breakthrough since the telephone. The huge growth that the web has enjoyed in the last decade has come very quickly. The World-Wide Web was introduced only in 1992 and there were 50 pages on the www. Researchers quickly got interested and started designing web sites and browsers. The www was quickly the most popular service on the Internet. It was around 1995 when the first large ISPs (Internet Service Providers) like AOL and CompuServe began offering Internet access to people.

The www is the reason the Internet has become as popular as it has since it is the part that the majority of users see which includes the websites and the pages that make them up. The web is the most widely used service of the Internet, accessed through a web browser like Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.

The web is an immense collection of web pages, linked together with hypertext links. Web pages can have a mixture of text, graphics and multimedia. Nowadays, there’s information on practically anything you could be interested in available somewhere on the web. You can use a search engine such as Google or Yahoo to find what you want.


Electronic Mail works in much the same way as traditional mail does. Anyone is allowed to sign up for an e-mail address and people can send you messages. The main advantage of e-mail is the close to instantaneous delivery of messages that occurs. You can send an e-mail to any part of the world within a minute or less.


The Internet today is a large-scale network of millions of computers that allows continuous communication across the globe. Now the year 2002, the web is still growing at amazing rate. Technology has improved considerably and the web is regarded as an indispensable tool for education, business and entertainment. There are billions of pages on the web, with thousands more being added every hour. The Internet has brought us into an information age where many geographical boundaries are no longer significant barriers.


Cairncross,F. (2001). The death of distance: How the communications revolution is changing our lives. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Johnson, C. A very brief history of the Internet (Online). Available from: ( Accessed 14 October, 2002).

Shannon, R. (2002). The history of the Net (Online). Available from: ( Accessed 14 October, 2002).

Wolinsky, A. (1999). The history of the Internet and the world wide web. NJ: Enslow Publishers.
Return to