Essay PreviewMore ↓
There is a difference between Darwinism and Creationism, one is based on data and the other is based on belief. Darwinism concerns itself as a science, that is explained by scientific methodology. Biological evolution concerns changes in living things during the history of life on earth. It explains that living things share common ancestors and over time evolutionary change gives rise to new species. On the other hand, the ideas of creation science is derived from the conviction of most Abrahemic religions that God created the universe-including humans and other living things-all at once in the relatively recent past. Creationists say that creatures started out as distinct and separate organisms when God created them and they do not believe that organisms change into complete differently and distinct animals through evolution. For example, Creationists do not believe that single-celled organisms evolved into more complex plants and animals, finally evolving into Homo Sapiens. Even though creationism is not a scientific theory, Creationists are using scientific evidence in supporting their argument that Darwinism can not be proven scientifically based on the fact that Darwinism goes against creationism. Besides criticizing evolution, Creationists are seeking scientific evidence of their own, to support the creation account in Genesis.
They only problem with this is that Creationists are crossing the boundaries between religion and science by trying to entwine these two origins which isn't an effective pairing because religion doesn't require proof but science does. Scientists are now doing the same because at first they were staying into their own realm but it after posing that the theory of evolution can be scientifically proven, scientists are going against the Bible. Therefore, scientists are also crossing the boundary.
Creation science, which is a belief that God created the Earth and all the creatures in it, is not science because creation by God or another divinity does not give concrete scientific explanation of life's origin. Rather, it is an explanation consistent with their beliefs that an intelligent creator, God, exists and created the universe. Creationists try to verify this concept and other Biblical stories by evaluating on scientific grounds. Geologists, for instance, used to try to explain all the earth's geological features in terms of Noah's Flood.
It has been said that no book other than the Bible has had a greater effect on Western society than Charles Darwin's Origin of Species.
How to Cite this Page
"Darwinism versus Creationism." 123HelpMe.com. 25 Aug 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Biological Anthropology Question 1: Evolution Versus Creationism Creation or evolution. Such a question holds significant importance to the human race, raising further questions such as where did we come from, how did we get here, and more importantly where are we, the human race, going and where will we end up. Creationism, as cited from Oxford Dictionary, is “The belief that the universe and living organisms originate from specific acts of divine creation, as in the biblical account, rather than by natural processes such as evolution,” answers in its very definition one of humanity 's great questions referring to our origin.... [tags: Human, Human evolution, Evolution, Species]
1121 words (3.2 pages)
- ... - 1990 B.C., Abraham to the Exile 1990 B.C. - 1450 B.C., The Exile to the Monarchy 1450 B.C. - 1045 B.C., The Unified Monarchy 1045 B.C. - 930 B.C., Israel 930 B.C. - 725 B.C., Judah 725 B.C. - 590 B.C., Exile in Babylon 590 B.C. - 440 B.C., and The Intertestamental Period 440 B.C. - 6-4 B.C. . We say 2014, because that is the time that has elapsed since Jesus Christ was born (Congelliere). Evolution Theory argues that the timeline is shaped in this way: 3.8 billion years of simple cells (prokaryotes), 1 billion years of multicellular life, 500 million years of fish and proto-amphibians, 360 million years of amphibians, 200 million years of mammals, 65 million years since the non-avian d... [tags: comparing and contrasting, religion vs science]
1220 words (3.5 pages)
- Public Schools in the United states can be a very touchy subject when trying to discuss what can and what cannot be learned, such as sexual education, teaching in Spanish for Latino based school, and of course evolution. Evolution in a biological sense is defined as the change in the gene pool of a population from generation to generation by such processes as mutation, natural selection, and genetic drift (Cobb). So why is there a problem with this scientific statement. Children learn about the laws of gravity and matter, and there is no debate over that topic but, when considering what our children learn about the origins of life there is major disagreement.... [tags: darwinism, creationism, darwin effect]
1415 words (4 pages)
- Creationism for Kids on the Web How is it that this age old question of evolution versus creation can turn otherwise friends and colleagues against one another. Much of it has to do with the very fact that we are discussing the matter and how it relates to children. It seems that much of the controversy that is stirred up by this issue revolves around how children will perceive Darwinian “social teachings” or social Darwinism. Will studying evolution corrupt the morals of school-aged children. I began my research pondering the following: Can children that look at website-based material learn the latest material from both a scientific and biblical perspective.... [tags: Religious Issues Internet Science Essays]
5359 words (15.3 pages)
- Most people state that life was created by intelligent design, pure chance, or even evolution. Although some would argue that evolution is basically chance in a different form, the opposite is true. Even though it would take quite a bit of chance for evolution to work out perfectly how Darwin said it did, it is still one organism developing into another over a long period of time. Compared to evolution, intelligent design is the concept that life and the universe did not come to be by chance, but created by some intelligent entity.... [tags: religious versus scientific view]
566 words (1.6 pages)
- Creationism being taught in public schools is not right because there are many beliefs about how the earth was created. Many science teachers have different beliefs on this particular subject. Some believe it should not be taught in public schools but on one’s own time at home, church, or another place. Other science teachers think students should be taught all the believable theories about evolution and creationism. Some science teachers have gotten in trouble with the law by not obeying other laws regarding evolution and creationism.... [tags: Creationism ]
709 words (2 pages)
- Creationism versus Evolution 3. Introduction 3.1. Definitions 3.5. Variants of Creationism 3.7. Evolution investigation 4. Historical oppositions 4.2. Debates 4.5. Conclusion 5. Appendix 6. Work Cited Introduction Creationism and evolution, born through historical significance which continues throughout time in a clash between the two and their followers, such conflict has led people to debate and prohibit the teachings of each other. Evolution suffers this anti-teaching law in many religious cultures and schools, while creationism seems to come in various forms that some variants may accept evolution itself in its teachings.... [tags: Variants, Investigation, Historical Opposition]
1225 words (3.5 pages)
- Can Evolution Fit into Christianity. Thesis: Evolution versus Christianity has long been a topic of debate inside and outside the scientific community. Christianity believes that God created the world, the universe and everything in them. It believes that God takes an ever-present, active part in this world. Evolution states that over long periods of time the world changed. Bit by bit, change by change, the world was created and life began. As a scientist and a Christian, I will look at whether or not it is possible to fit evolution into my religion.... [tags: Religion Creationism Science Bible Essays]
2368 words (6.8 pages)
- Social Darwinism fueled imperialism by making imperialistic nations believe that their imperialistic ventures were a natural turn of events and not a cruel, opressionistic system of government. These imperialistic nations exploited other nations and cultures and their troops’ motivation was the glory of the nation and the eradication of the weaker races on earth. These soldiers believed in Social Darwinism. Also, nations were able to become imperialistic because of the support of their people.... [tags: Social Darwinism Essays]
751 words (2.1 pages)
- Evolutionism versus Creationism Evolution is a theory to explain facts. Creationism is a myth to explain facts. Evolution is proven through facts; creationism is a story about facts. There is a constant debate going on with science versus religion, but the interesting point to realize it that science creates the facts, and all the creationists (the religious) can do it argue evolutionists theories. So what can be inferred is that evolutionists provide the evidence, and the creationists try and prove the evolutionists wrong.... [tags: Papers]
516 words (1.5 pages)
People who literally interpret the Bible say that Darwinism goes against the concept that God created the earth. The theory of evolution is a product of the scientific method. The scientific method is the process by which scientists, collectively and over time, endeavor to construct an accurate representation of the world.
The theory of Darwinism relies on scientific evidence. Darwin's theory stated that evolution could change one type of organism into another. Darwin did not have a clear understanding of the laws of inheritance of such traits, because an Austrian monk, Gregor Mendel, discovered them only a few years earlier. In the 1900's, geneticists incorporated Mendel's four laws of inheritance into Darwin's theory of evolution. They called this new theory, neo-Darwinism, in which the individual units of inheritance were generation to generation. Mendel's laws of inheritance only explain microevolution, such as natural or domestic breeding of desirable changes or variations within plant and animal species.
Darwin's theories of man's evolution out of lower species challenged the nineteenth century belief on two grounds. First, the theory of evolution is crossing the border line of faith and science by emphasizes that species changed over time, which called into question the creation story of the Bible, which stated that God created the world in seven days and man was created on the last day. "The Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul" (Genesis 2.7). Darwin's theory went against this by saying that humans evolved from monkeys in a process that took far longer than a day.
Finally, Darwin added another piece to the theory that was devastating to traditional belief: the notion of natural selection. Natural selection states "species produced random variations and that only those beings whose characteristics that allow them to survive and reproduce can live a long life." (3). The natural selection process argues against any form of the divine plan known as moral divinity. Moral divinity states that God controls everything and by accepting God into your life, you will live a long life in the path of the Lord. Therefore, your morality and faith in God shapes your life. However, natural selection says that your genetic characteristics allows you to have a long life and also determines your success or failure in life. I agree with moral divinity because when people have faith in a supernatural power, they try to achieve their goals in life and by live their life the best way that they can. This case isn't always true for everyone but by having an established guideline for themselves people tend to value their life to a higher degree. Even though moral divinity doesn't guarantee you with long life, whenever someone dies some people believe that are living a longer and better life in Heaven. Just like moral divinity, natural selection doesn't guarantee you a long life because your genetic characteristics can't stop you from dying from aids or dying from a heart attack.
Creationists are among the harshest critics on the theory of evolution. They have been instrumental in pointing out weakness in the scientific evidence. One argument made by supporters of creation science is that natural selection can produce minor changes within species but cannot generate new species from pre-existing species. Although there is plenty of evidence for adaptive changes (microevolution), we don't have scientific evidence to examine one species becoming an entirely different, more highly evolved organism. For example, there are no examples in records of fish becoming an amphibian or even bacteria evolving from something other than bacteria. However, evolutionary biologists have documented many cases to support Darwin's theory of evolution. Darwin's theory was supported when Othiel Charles Marsh discovered fossil records of extinct horses. The fact that larger horses were better able to survive than small many-toed horses supported the idea of natural selection.
More recently, creationists have used the second law of thermodynamics " the law of disorder" as part of their attempts to challenge evolution. The second law of thermodynamics states that although the amount of energy remains constant, the amount of usable energy is constantly decreasing. The law also implies that ordered systems become more disordered over time, unless energy is supplied and directed to creature order. Creationists believe that the second law of thermodynamics does not permit order to arise from disorder, and therefore the macroevolution of complex living things from single-celled ancestors could not have occurred.
In response to Creationist, evolutionists say that evolution relates to the second law of thermodynamics by making the argument that order can come from disorder in nature. "Every exchange in nature that takes place spontaneously always results in a loss of order. Natural selection always occurs in such a way that the complex tends to become less complex, order states tend to become disorder. Therefore, the universe is constantly becoming more disorder." (4).
Another argument with the second law of thermodynamics is that Creationists say that the second law states that the entropy of a closed system increases over time. Closed system means that the earth receives limited energy from the sun. The creationist argument is based on their interpretation of the relationship of entropy, which is a measure of randomness, or of the degree of a system's disorder. Creationists assume that a change characterized by a decrease in entropy cannot occur under any circumstances and spontaneous entropy decreases can, occur all the time, providing that sufficient energy is available.
The second law of thermodynamics states that in a closed system disorder grows and less energy is available for work. A good example of this is a battery; it breaks down as it works, and, in fact, breaks down even when it is not working. Evolution, on the other hand, appears to be doing the exact opposite: life is evolving from the simple to the complex, and everywhere we look we see increasing order, not disorder. Evolutionists say that order increases over time, without any directed energy. Evolutionists think that creationists are confused with the phrase "closed system". To evolutionist, a closed system is one that receives no fresh inputs of energy from an outside source. The earth and evolution are not closed systems because there is unlimited energy form the sun, which fuels the life process and creates growing order. The universe in not really a closed system because if living organisms could escape the concepts of the second law of thermodynamics, then they could live forever and there is no way that any living system on earth can directly violate the second law.
First of all, the universe transmits energy to everything in space (especially Earth), which makes it a closed system. If the universe was not a closed system, then there has to be an outside source other than the universe that supplies us with energy. But since there isn't, then the universe is a closed system. Also, energy from the sun doesn't solve the evolutionist's problem of how increasing energy could occur on the earth which is contrary to the Second Law. The second law shows that the total entropy of a system and its surroundings never decreases and a closed system exchanges energy but not matter with its surroundings. Therefore, open systems still have a tendency to disorder. Evolutionists open system argument against Creationists does not help the theory of evolution because "raw energy cannot generate the specified complex information in living things. Undirected energy just speeds up destruction".(4). Just standing out in the sun won't make you more complex because the human body lacks the mechanisms to harness raw solar energy.
Darwinism as science differs from creationism, which is faith and religion. Science is a way of knowing about the natural world. It is limited to explaining the natural world through natural cause. Science can say nothing about the supernatural. Whether God exists or not is a question about which science is neutral. For years, some creationists have been against the theory of evolution and have tried to present scientific evidence to show that the theory is wrong. This debate will continue until some can prove that Darwinism is correct with scientific evidence or even prove that Creationism is accurate by scientific evidence, too. But until that time, people should be given the decision to choose which origin that they want to accept.
1)Frequently Asked Questions About Evolution and the Nature of Science
3) Charles Darwin ,
4) Creation Science FAQ ,