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One possible definition of a revolution is "an act of organized violence to bring about radical changes in the economic, social and political relations within a given system. It uses force to destroy (sometimes physically) and replace those who hold power." Using this definition, can the events on France, Latin America and British North America in the period 1776-1820 be considered revolutions? Are some more revolutionary than others?
Many changes occurred during the 19th century with the industrial revolution. The revolution, if we can call it that, started in Britain with the introduction of new machinery that substituted man power. These new machineries, first in the textile industry and then in others, were used in factories to create mass productions, of textiles in the case of the textile industry. This new ability to create mass production of textiles very quickly and with the quality of the most expensive textile in the market, created great changes, not only in Britain, but also in other countries. The prices of textiles drop drastically, which made is possible for poor people to afford it. This was a very good change, since people had the chance to live life with a little more comfort. Another positive effect of the industrial revolution in Britain, is that the newly created factories created a lot of jobs. This jobs gave a new opportunity for farmer; they began to think of themselves differently, and many of them did move to the city, to take a job in a factory.
Like any change in life, the industrial revolution also had negative effects. A shortage of food was one of these negative effects. The people that moved to the city lost the ability to feed themselves, and the few farmers who stayed barely produced enough to feed their families, so there was place to get enough food to feed all those workers. Housing was another growing problem in Britain. The cities in Britain developed fast, specially the working class neighborhood which were constructed for factory workers to live in because they could not afford anything else. However, this development could not keep up with the increase in population, so very quickly the working neighborhoods became overcrowded, and then extremely overcrowded. The living conditions of the working class in the cities decayed as fast, or even faster as the population increased.
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The effects of the industrial revolution were not restricted to Britain, they expanded all over the world, for example India. India, before the industrial revolution, had the number one spot in the textile market, however once Britain started producing cheaper textiles with as much quality as theirs, they lost this market. But this effect of the industrial revolution in India was not totally negative. The lost market was replaced by a new market. With the increasing textile production of Britain, also grew their need for cotton which India exported to them. Little by little, and not only in the case of India, countries that had the technological advances became the producer of finished products, while countries that could not compete with these advances made a living producing the raw material for the industrialized countries. This new demand for raw cotton became India's new economical support. These changes did not benefit the people of India, on the contrary, it made their lives harder. In order to support Britain's new demand for cotton, farmers in India started plating more and more cotton, and less and less food. They were losing the ability to feed themselves, and they quickly realize this. This is what started the starvation process that is still going on in India today.
While India was struggling with this Latin America, was also looking for a way to compete in this new technological world that was not accessible to them. They found the escape in the food, and mining businesses. Since these countries in Europe had lost the ability to feed themselves, and they still needed to eat, Latin America became exporting their food to Britain, and other industrialized countries. A new alternative, they could sell the food they grew for money. It seems like a good way to compete. Farmers planted more and more, and they also extracted more and more minerals for the industries in Britain, and made more money than before. So this was a positive change, they even got some technology which came from investors in these industrialized countries. This change does have its down side. These new investors put their money in very specific areas, so Latin American countries became developed only in the areas that the industrialized countries needed products from. This made them totally dependent on these countries, since they could only produce what these countries had in demand. Also they started planting, and selling more food, specially with the invention of refrigeration, which made it possible to ship bananas and also meat, far away. But with all of this exportation of food, they did not have enough for themselves, so they started suffering from the same problems as India, they were starving.
The industrialization process had positive, and negative effects in every country. Some countries, the industrialized ones, gained more than others, but in general up to this day everyone is benefit from technology advances, that this industrial revolution started. And since progress cannot be stopped, every country tries to make the best out of it.