The Environment and Industry of the Artic Region

The Environment and Industry of the Artic Region

Length: 942 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The Environment and Industry of the Artic Region


The Artic is a region at the upper most tip of the Northern Hemisphere. The
Artic includes the area around Greenland, USSR, Canada and Alaska. Much of
the Artic circle is permanently frozen ice.

The Artic is a pristine environment, clean and void of human interference.
However as humans move into these areas and begin to extract what ever they
can be balance can be tipped, resulting in pollution and destruction of the


The Artic winters much longer than the Summer. In the winter the sun never
rises and in the summer it never sets. The average temperature for the
Artic is zero degrees or less.

Industry and the Artic.

There was once a time when the land of the Artic Circle was considered
useless and only hospitable to those native to it. However once vast
quantities of oil and fish had been found there was a rush of interest in
the land.

Fishing in the Artic has occurred for thousands of years but in recent
years man has been fishing the Artic; in greater numbers and taking more
fish. Professional fishermen are taking all kinds of fish as well as whales
and seals. In some areas fishermen have become so efficient at their job
that quotas have needed to be put on to limit or stop the capture of
certain animals.

There are many mineral deposits within the Artic Circle. In Russia: nickel,
iron ore, apatite, diamonds, gold, tin, coal, mica, and tungsten. In
Sweden: iron ore. In Greenland: lead, zinc, molybdenum and cryolite.
Spitsbergen: coal. Canada: uranium, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, tungsten
and iron ore. The digging out of minerals would inevitably disturb the
natural habitat as well as the environment there would be a great cost to
maintain the site. Industry that is designed to process various minerals
have waste products that would be most unwelcome in the Artic. A good
example of this is the pollution that has arisen as a result of the
smelting of metals in the Artic. It is for this reason that there is very
little industry in the Artic. However Russia, Canada, Greenland and Iceland
have several small scale manufacturing plants.

The largest industry in the Artic is oil. The rush began in 1968 when a
large oil field was discovered, there was a great deal of protest but the
development went ahead.

Oil extracted from the felid makes its way to Port Valdez via a 1300
kilometre pipeline. Although steps were taken to limit the pipelines affect
on the environment it still disrupts the migration of caribou.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Environment and Industry of the Artic Region." 07 Apr 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Oil Drilling in the Artic National Wildlife Refuge Essay

- Oil Drilling in the Artic National Wildlife Refuge The main issue presented in my research involves the debate between environmentalists and the United States government on whether to open and develop a portion of the Artic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in the northern coastal plain of Alaska for the purpose of drilling for oil. Environmentalists argue that opening up this region of ANWR to future oil drilling would destroy the current ecosystems, disrupt animal habitats and adversely change the lives of the people in these local communities....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

Research Papers
2009 words (5.7 pages)

How People Survive Living in the Artic Region Essay

- Believe it or not, in the arctic region, where the average temperature of the year is about -12 celsius degree, there are more than 9,000,000 people, including 150,000 indigenous people living constantly. Even though many of them now have houses, automobile and electronics like rest of the world, the way they survive in such a rough environment is still an interesting topic to discover. A typical arctic indigenous ethnicity is Eskimo people, who is believed originated from eastern Asia and then migrated to arctic area....   [tags: environment, house, automobile, reindeer, mammals]

Research Papers
645 words (1.8 pages)

Bioregional History: The Calumet Region of Chicago Essay examples

- ... Early settlers wrote of waterfowl that darkened the sky. In Chicago’s younger days, local guides would take hunters out on excursions yielding hundreds of ducks, geese, and sandpipers. The 20th century was not kind to the region. It has experienced every abuse to which a wealthy society can subject a locality except significant radiation and warfare.” This quote provides a framework to understanding the complication the notion of land cultivation and industry and how that has historically conflicted with reason in our culture of Lockean views of work and labor in the land....   [tags: redeveloping the region sustainable way]

Research Papers
1470 words (4.2 pages)

Corporate Social Responsibility in Asia Pacific Region Essay

- Image is everything to a business; businesses without a face cannot survive in the dynamic environment leave alone sustain a loyal customer base. Thus, the essence of introducing the public relations department within an organization to handle matters relating to its image to the society in general, and also to guide on the services the organization may offer to the community. This department is engaged in the implementation of a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) or a corporate citizenship program that oversees its involvement in developing sustainable all round growth and development of the society in which it operates....   [tags: Asia Pacific Region]

Research Papers
530 words (1.5 pages)

The Capturing of Beluga Whales from the Artic Essay

- When the name Beluga whale comes up, many think of the popular children’s song, “Baby Beluga”; however, many do not know much past that. Beluga whales, along with many whale species, are regarded anywhere from near threatened to critically endangered depending on their location. The debate now is whether Beluga whales should be able to be taken out of their natural environment and put into aquariums around the United States. Although a few years ago the capturing of wild Belugas has been turned down by the federal government, it is now being reevaluated and may be accepted....   [tags: Beluga Whales]

Research Papers
2042 words (5.8 pages)

Hong Kong : Understanding Special Administrative Region Essay

- HONG KONG: UNDERSTANDING SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION A Special Administrative Region (SAR) was established in China via Article 31 of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China in 1982. Hong Kong and Macau are currently the only two SARs. Article 31 allows “the state” being China, to establish special administrative regions when necessary. SARs are their own administrative regions and have their own chief executive. They also have their own basic law, which state they are local administrations of the People’s Republic of China (PRC)....   [tags: Manufacturing, Industry]

Research Papers
836 words (2.4 pages)

Environment Challenges Facing The American Auto Industry Essay example

- Environment Challenges Facing the American Auto Industry The auto industry is a very important part of our culture. Vehicles are used to get people from place to place in a timely manner. Without cars, we would be reduced to walking, riding, bicycles, or even using animals. Cars are a necessary evil because we use them in our everyday lives; however they contribute greatly to pollutants being released into the environment. U.S. companies along with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have been working to find solutions to this problem....   [tags: Automotive industry, Automobile, Renault]

Research Papers
1073 words (3.1 pages)

When Industry Meets the Environment Essay example

- The Global Environment When Industry Meets The Environment The culture of industry has totally changed the way we see the world around us; from the structure within our cities, to the degradation of the natural environment. The industrial revolution began in Britain in 1760 (Griffin). Many historians claim this happened because of a civil unrest in the country, which transformed into a movement (Landes). Civil unrest stemmed from the poor living condition and the poverty within the area. This also happened because new technologies emerged, creating a new push for a commercial way of life....   [tags: industrial revolution, environmental effects]

Research Papers
1463 words (4.2 pages)

Between Business and the Environment in the Tourism Industry Essay

- Between Business and the Environment in the Tourism Industry 1. Introduction This report will contain a SWOT analysis of the tourism industry as a whole, but will focus mainly on activities concerning United Kingdom countries and companies, as the tourism industry covers a huge, global area. There will be points raised that affect countries globally as well as the UK that will be made aware of during the contents of this report. The tourism industry covers many different organisations that can work together and against each other in gaining a piece of the billion pound tourism pie....   [tags: Tourism Industry UK]

Free Essays
2497 words (7.1 pages)

The Cattle Industry's Effect on our Environment Essay

- The Cattle Industry's Effect on our Environment Before I began my research, I avoided beef for health reasons. During my junior year of high school, I reformed my diet away from my family’s very beef-laden diet into a more heart-healthy, Mediterranean-style one. My great grandfather started a revolutionary meat company in San Francisco, CA which later moved to Marysville, CA called DPM. Most of my family, including my father, worked in this company and its butcher shop for many years before it was eventually sold to an international corporation....   [tags: Beef Environment Ecology Essays Papers Earth]

Research Papers
3253 words (9.3 pages)

Related Searches

In 1989 the unthinkable happened and the super tanker Exxon Valdez ran
aground spilling millions of gallons of crude oil into the Prince William

The effects of the slick were devastating. Within a week workers counted
24000 dead sea birds and 1000 sea otters. The effects of the slick were
felt throughout the food chain from photoplankton to bears. The Exxon
company funded the clean up but there was no compensation for the hundreds
of people that lost their job as a result of the slick.

Pollution of the Artic

A large threat to the Artic is transboundry pollution and bioaccumulation.
These are both complex subjects but are easily explained. Transboundry
pollution is the pollution of the Artic from other countries. The ocean
currents and wind conditions result in large amounts of pollution being
deposited in the Artic. In winter when the sun is low thick blankets of
haze can be seen over the Artic. Bioaccumulation is the process where
pollutants build up in the Artic because they cannot be broken down due to
the extreme cold. Once harsh chemicals find their way into the food chain
they stay there forever, trapped in the animals and sediments.

A result of increased pollutants in the atmosphere is the occurrence of
acid rain. Sulphur and Nitrogen dioxides drift from developed countries and
when they mix with water in the atmosphere they can produce acid rain as
strong as lemon juice. The acid snow melts in summer and spring producing
an acid shock that can kill animals and plants alike.

In 1986 the nuclear reactor in Chernoybl exploded sending a nuclear cloud
into the atmosphere that among other places contaminated plants and animals
in the Artic region. Particularly affected were lichens, lichens are a
plant that makes up the majority of a reindeers' diet. When the reindeers
ate the lichens they became radioactive and many thousands had to be shot.

Tourism vs conservation.

In the battle between tourism and conservation, tourism seems to always win.
However in the Artic tourism has so far had little effect (compared to
other human activity) on the environment. The scenery and wild life of the
Artic are seen as so special that people pay thousands of dollars for a
small glimpse of the Artic.

It is believed by many that Artic tourism will spread a general concern for
the environment. There is no denying that if tourism is not controlled
people will destroy what they have come to see. Tourism will alway clash
with conservation and it is many peoples opinion that tourism should be
stoped in the Artic altogether, but if there is money to be made someone
will be there to provide the service.


Human's have had a great deal of impact on the Artic environment. Mining,
tourism bioaccumulation and transboundry pollution mean that this land is a
great threat. Tourism is the latest threat with huge potential for damage.
The Artic is one of the few unspoilt wilderness areas in the world and must
be conserved.
Return to