Essay PreviewMore ↓
In Ancient Egypt there were over 29 Kings and Pharaohs and over 5 Queens. Some of the most famous kings and queens were: Ramses II, Ramses III, King Tut, Cleopatra, and Nefertiti.
Ramses II (reigned 1279-1212 BC), ancient Egyptian king, third ruler of the 19th dynasty, the son of Seti I. During the early part of his reign Ramses fought to reign the territory in Africa and Western Asia that Egypt had held during the 16th and 15th centuries BC. His principle opponents were the Hittites, a powerful people of Asia Minor, against whom he waged a long war upon. The major battle of this war was fought in 1274 at Kadesh, in Northern Syria, was hailed by Ramses as such a great triumph. In 1258 BC a treaty was signed whereby the contested lands were divided and Ramses agreed to marry the daughter of the Hittite king.
The remaining years of his rule were distinguished by the construction of such monuments as the rock-hewn temple of Abû Simbel, the great hypostyle hall in the Temple of Amon at Al Karnak, and the mortuary temple at Thebes, known as Ramesseum.
Ramses III (reigned 1182-1151 BC), Egyptian king of the 20th dynasty, a great military leader who repeatedly saved the country from invasion. In the 5th year of his reign, Ramses defeated an attack by the Libyans from the west, and two years later he routed invaders known as the Sea Peoples. In his 11th year he again repelled an attempted attack by the Libyans. Ramses was also a builder of temples and palaces in the tradition of his 19th-dynasty predecessor, Ramses II. His victories are depicted on the walls of his mortuary temple at Medinet Habu, near Luxor. Egyptian records tell of a strike by workers at Ramses's burial site and a plot against the king near the end of his reign. Ramses III was the last of the great rulers and after his death there were centuries of weakness and foreign domination.
King Tut or Tutankhamun (reigned 1343-1325 BC), Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, the son-in-law of Akhenaton, whom he succeeded. He became Pharaoh about the age of 9 and ruled until his death; which was about the age of 18. Peace was brought to Egypt during his reign as the worship of Amon, abandoned under Akhenaton, was restored and Thebes, the city sacred to Amon, was again made Egypt's capitol.
How to Cite this Page
"Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs." 123HelpMe.com. 24 Jan 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs In Ancient Egypt there were over 29 Kings and Pharaohs and over 5 Queens. Some of the most famous kings and queens were: Ramses II, Ramses III, King Tut, Cleopatra, and Nefertiti. Ramses II (reigned 1279-1212 BC), ancient Egyptian king, third ruler of the 19th dynasty, the son of Seti I. During the early part of his reign Ramses fought to reign the territory in Africa and Western Asia that Egypt had held during the 16th and 15th centuries BC. His principle opponents were the Hittites, a powerful people of Asia Minor, against whom he waged a long war upon.... [tags: Ancient Egypt Egyptian History]
772 words (2.2 pages)
- There are many civilizations in history that contributed to the rise of modern day society. All of the things that we see today have been in some way shape or form improved upon to stand the test of time. From the structures of buildings, religion and pyramids, to the influence of art, it all played a part. The ancient civilization of the Egyptians was one of the most significant and well known cultures to ever have existed and technology wise, they were light years ahead. The ancient Egyptians relied heavily on their religion.... [tags: hieroglyphs, gods and pharaohs]
891 words (2.5 pages)
- Ancient Egypt ruling started with the Pharaohs which was between the periods of 3150 B.C to 30 B.C. The Pharaohs were known as the God Kings. The Pharaohs were dynasties, they ruled all the way to the Ptolemaic Period which ended exactly in 30 B.C. There were 31 dynasties of Pharaohs, however some rulers ran different areas of Egypt at the same time. The first Pharaoh was Narmer or well known as Menes, the last Pharaoh ruler was Cleopatra. There was the Native Pharaoh 's whose ruling ended in 343 B.C.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Pharaoh, Pschent, Ramesses II]
1255 words (3.6 pages)
- Life Before the Pharaohs For more than half of the twentieth century, much like the pyramids, the predynastic Egypt was a mystery to archeologists. The little discoveries that had been made from the period preceding the pharaohs were not enough to either prove or disprove the various theories circulating at the time. One of the first artifacts dated at the time of the unification to be unearthed was Narmer's palette, discovered by the English archeologist James Edward Quibell at the end of the nineteenth century.... [tags: Ancient Egypt Egyptian History]
899 words (2.6 pages)
- The Statue of Khasekhemwy is a carved in-the-round sculpture made from painted limestone. It stands smaller than life size at about two feet in height. The sculpture represents Pharaoh Khasekhemwy in a straight, upright and frontal pose on the throne. Khasekhemwy places his right arm on his lap, while his left arm embraces his body. Unfortunately, both of his hands are destroyed. Covered by a tight-fitting robe, the subject wears a tall and conical hat above his head. Pharaoh Khasekhemwy sits on a low-backed throne with incised figures on the either sides of his seat.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Egyptian language]
1012 words (2.9 pages)
- For quite some time now I have taken a great interest in Ancient Egyptian artwork and the history behind it. The Ancient Egyptian were once a powerful civilization, they left behind thousands of ancient enriched artifacts. Religion played a significant role in Ancient Egyptian artwork and had a huge influence on their civilization. The vast majority of Ancient Egypt artwork illustrates images of gods, goddesses, and rulers known as pharaohs. The Ancient Egyptians paid close attention to balance, proportions and rich details.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egyptian hieroglyphs]
1278 words (3.7 pages)
- Life for Ancient Egyptians was very repetitive; drought and flood, abundance of food and starvation, riches and poverty. The Egyptians credited this static rhythm to their Gods and how well they worshipped them and their pharaoh. This unchanging lifestyle is reflected in their art. The main purpose of Ancient Egyptian artwork was religion; therefore the artists were very conservative when creating their paintings and sculptures. This is the reason that the style of the Ancient Egyptian’s artwork remained largely unchanged from 2500 BCE to 1300 BCE.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Ancient Egyptian religion]
1063 words (3 pages)
- Ancient Egyptian Civilization There have been many prosperous civilizations throughout the history of the world. Many of them became very large, and lasted for a countless number of years. The most successful and large scale civilization, however, was that of Ancient Egypt. Although it lies in the middle of the largest desert in the world, egyptians were able to use their intelligence to utilize the Nile River and cultivate the surrounding land for farming. They came up with very unique conceptual ideas that benefitted them greatly, and discovered many new things that would impact society around the world to this day.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Egyptian hieroglyphs]
902 words (2.6 pages)
- Ancient Egyptian culture is made up of hieroglyphics, afterlife rituals, architecture, paintings, and sculptures. Egyptian history began about 3,000 B.C.E. with hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics is a complex system of writing using ancient Egyptian symbols. The first hieroglyphics were used on tomb walls, dedicated to the Pharaohs, who were considered gods. The word hieroglyph means “god 's words”, and Ancient Egyptians thought hieroglyphics were sacred. For this reason, hieroglyphs were carved onto sacred structures, such as temples.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Egyptians, Pharaoh]
1078 words (3.1 pages)
- Ancient Egyptian Religious Architecture One of the greatest cultural achievements of Ancient Egypt was undoubtedly in their architecture associated with religion. "Temples, tombs and pyramids - all have witnessed this earth for thousands of years. What better than to say that these architectural achievements show us that Egypt's greatest virtue lay in its architecture" (Fumeaux:11, 1964) When one travels to Egypt, what does he/she see - pyramid after temple after tomb, each standing the test of time.... [tags: Ancient Egypt Egyptian History]
1288 words (3.7 pages)
Cleopatra (69-30 BC), ill-fated queen of Egypt (51-30BC), celebrated for her love affairs with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Cleopatra, or more precisely, Cleopatra VII, was the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes, king of Egypt. On her father's death in 51BC Cleopatra, then about 17 years old, and her brother, Ptolemy XIII, a child of about 12 years, succeeded jointly to the throne of Egypt with the provision that they should marry. In the third year of their reign Ptolemy, encouraged by his advisers, assumed sole control of the government and drove Cleopatra into exile. She promptly gathered an army in Syria but was unable to assert her claim until the arrival at Alexandria of Julius Caesar, who became her lover and espoused her cause. He was for a time hard pressed by the Egyptians but ultimately triumphed, and in 47BC Ptolemy XIII was killed. Caesar proclaimed Cleopatra queen of Egypt.
Cleopatra was forced to marry her younger brother by custom, Ptolemy XIV, then about 11 years old. Later on in the marriage Antony killed himself because of a false report that the queen had died. After hearing that Antony killed himself Cleopatra then committed suicide, probably by poison, or by tradition, the bite of an Asp.
Nefertiti, ancient Egyptian queen who was the chief wife of Akhenaton, the pharaoh of Egypt, with whom she initiated many religious, artistic, and cultural changes. Nefertiti may have exercised the priestly office, a position normally reserved for kings.
Akhenaton, who reigned from about 1350 to 1334BC, was the first pharaoh to establish worship of one god. He directed exclusive worship of the sun god, Aton, of which Nefertiti was a devout follower. In honor of Aton, Akhenaton changed his name to mean "beneficial to Aton" (he was originally called Amenhotep IV) and established the capital Akhetaton (now the site of Tall al 'Amârinah). In the 12th year of Akhenaton's reign, Nefertiti apparently fell from favor and was replaced by Meritaten, one of her six daughters.