Essay PreviewMore ↓
When studying Ancient Babylonia it is notably important to look at these factors: daily life, religion, people, society, government and economy so we can determine the development of the civilization and how it is similar to the way we live today. The Babylonian Empire is unique because their government was run by a law known as the Code of Hammurabi similarly are government is run by numerous laws. Their knowledge of science and astrology is intriguing due to the fact that they were the first civilization to form the basis of the sixteen month of thirty days calendar, their discovery of the calendar lend us to the calendars we have today. In addition to government, science and astrology their economy was very modern and played an immense part in their daily life. The way the Babylonians lived life is identical to the way we live our life today.
In today's society we are governed and protected by laws, well we can say the same about Ancient Babylonia their society was governed and protected by the Code of Hammurabi(1750). The Code of Hammurabi main purposes were " to make justice visible in the land, to destroy the wicked person and the evil doer, so that the strong might not injure the weak". Our legal system is somewhat like this in terms of we sentence and enforce punishments on the criminals to protect other innocent citizens. Just like are prime minister, the Babylonian king Hammurabi wished to secure a uniform pattern of justice throughout his land, to certify that everyone was well aware of punishments and rules before breaking or committing them. The most well known term to describe this law is " an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth". This quote indicated that the punishment suited the crime.
The Babylonian civilization was considerably keen on science, mathematics and astrology. They were apprehensive in the cause of medicine an example of this is their belief that sin was the cause of a patient's illness. Here is an old Babylonian proverb that says " an infection without a doctor is like hunger without food". What this is saying is they depended on doctors to suit their needs just as we depend on food to suit hunger. This describes perfectly what the Ancient Babylonian civilization was like, they depended on doctors and herbal medicine just as we do today.
How to Cite this Page
"Ancient Babylonia." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Jan 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Amanda Podany’s “Brotherhood of Kings” deals with similar diplomatic ties also international and social relations between kingdoms and dynasties. Dividing each kingdom into its own we will see a slight change in history’s value of warfare and hardship as war turns into a brotherhood of kings who all cherish and value the same luxuries. In comparison to other ancient kingdoms Podany demonstrates that as we come across many different artifacts we can see that history had taken a huge turn expanding our minds to see this era in a positive perspective.... [tags: Babylonia, Mesopotamia, Ancient history]
914 words (2.6 pages)
- The Egyptian and Mesopotamian societies are two of the oldest civilizations in the history of the world. The Egyptian and Mesopotamian political, social, and cultural parts of their lives developed differently, but there is a similar basis between the two. Although they had similar political systems in that they both were ruled by kings, but the way they viewed their kings differed. Both civilizations constructed their social classes similarly in that they had kings at the top, followed by other officials and merchants, and at the bottom the slaves and peasants.... [tags: Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Babylonia]
1009 words (2.9 pages)
- Ancient societies codified their regulations on sex, in both formal laws and in social practices. Hammurabi, ruler of Old Babylonia, gave his people a law code in c.1700 BCE; the Mosaic Law code for the ancient Hebrews followed in c.1200 BCE. Though the ancient Greek philosopher Plato’s The Symposium (c.385 BCE) does not put forth legal restrictions on sex, its dialogue does attempt to define love. These documents illustrate how each civilization viewed sex. This paper explores sexual relations that were good for the community in three ancient societies: Old Babylonia, the nomadic Hebrews, and Greece.... [tags: Code of Hammurabi, The Symposium, Plato]
1166 words (3.3 pages)
- Societies of the ancient world’s prosperity relied heavily upon their agricultural capabilities. While Rome, Egypt, Greece, and Mesopotamia all learned to adapt to meet their agricultural needs, each ancient society faced different barriers that they would have had to adapt to in order to overcome and become prosperous enough to build strong civilizations. Such barriers included their climates, reliable water sources, and fertile lands. Founded by the Sumerians, Mesopotamia was a civilization founded in the Middle East around approximately 3,500 BCE in what the modern world today recognizes as most of Iraq, Kuwait, and the eastern parts of Syria between the rivers of the Tigris and Euphrates... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Agriculture]
1037 words (3 pages)
- The History of Babylonian Mathematics The history of ancient Babylonia is really long, but this essay is a short and to the point summery of the entire history. The history of Babylonia started near the end of the year 2000 BC, when invaders were attacking the Sumer kingdom. Sumer was a powerful kingdom in the western part of Asia, and it some what occupied what would become Babylonia. After the kingdom of Sumer was destroyed the city-states of Larsa and Isin came into settle on the land once occupied by Sumer.... [tags: Babylonia Mathematics Education Essays]
1575 words (4.5 pages)
- In the sixth century B.C, the land that we now call Iran was the center of the largest empire in the world. The kings of Ancient Persia( such as Cyrus the Great) were the leaders of a great civilization that made amazing advances in laws, goverment and communication. Founded in 550 B.C by King Cyrus the Great, the Persian Empire spanned from Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east. Unlike most empires at that time, the Persian kings were benovelent rulers, and allowed a diverse variety of diffrent people with diffrent ethnic backgrounds.... [tags: ancient history, cyrus the great]
1431 words (4.1 pages)
- The Old Babylonian Empire (c. 1792-1500 B.C.) was an empire in ancient Mesopotamia that was founded by Hammurabi (c. 1792-1750 B.C.). Hammurabi became the ruler of the smaller city-state of Babylonia and proceeded to create an empire through hegemony and dominance rule. Under his rule, a set of laws were introduced to unite the people and keep order. The Code of Hammurabi covers many subjects from property, urban crime, and gender. The Code talks about women and the roles they played in the Old Babylonian Empire.... [tags: Babylonia, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Marriage]
1613 words (4.6 pages)
- 1. The Ancient Catalogs Astronomy was born in the five cradles of civilization, along the Nile Valley in Egypt, the Indus Valley along the western region of the Indian subcontinent, the Chinese city states on the banks of the Yellow River, the ancient regions of Me-soamerica from central Mexico down to the Andean South America and the an-cient city states of Mesopotamia in the fertile crescent. Each of these ancient cul-tures incorporated astronomy into calendar making, religion, mythology, and astrology.... [tags: Astronomy ]
2046 words (5.8 pages)
- Laws play a major role in the expansion of a nation. King Hammurabi managed to arrange one of the first best conserved set of laws from ancient Babylonian times. The Code of Hammurabi was recorded on a block of basalt stone tablet standing eight feet high and written in cuneiform. The laws consisted of 282 provisions arranged under a variety of subjects ranging from family and personal property to trade and business. These laws established consequences with the philosophy that the punishment should fit the crime.... [tags: world history]
1205 words (3.4 pages)
- In the ancient world there were many kingdoms and empires. There were many obstacles when it came to unifying an empire, whether it be from sheer size to religious differences, it was the empires duty to find a way to unify its people. Three empires that stood out were the Old Babylonian Empire, the Achaemenid Persian Empire, and the Roman Empire. Each empire had their flaws, but they also had something unique to offer. The Roman Empire understood just what it meant to unify its people and made itself an ideal place to live.... [tags: Babylon, Babylonia, Medes, Elam]
1435 words (4.1 pages)
Babylonians knowledge of Zoology, Botanic, Mineralogy, map mating made them an advanced civilization. They were aware of a variety of species, though their categories differed from ours. Their curiosity led them to collect and bring home rare species of plants to create the first royal botanical garden. They also had a list of magical stones to develop their knowledge of mineralogy. Map mating was a very known science to the Babylonians most of them were experienced in it which made them more aware of there surrounding. Babylonians drew maps of local areas such as field plans, estates plans, grounds plants of temples and houses as well as maps of more distant regions such as larger areas: districts and towns. Their maps were drawn mostly in straight lines, with little attention to scale, angles and orientation. Most of the sciences they began to study and explore are the same sciences that we are going into today. The Babylonians have built the foundation for us and we used that and are building the rest.
Mathematics was just as important to the Babylonian as it is to us. They however calculated things entirely different from us. A prime example of this is their number system which had two disadvantages: (1) it was confusing and, therefore, not used in many daily economic activities (2) there was no special sign for zero, to separate the different units, so they would leave two blank spaces for zero or by using a special sign that indicated a space between two words. Babylonian mathematicians developed a mastery of algebraic skill, even though there was no graphic symbol for the unknown. Instead they invented a method called false value. Babylonians also displayed a considerable amount of knowledge of geometric shapes and geometric formulas. They lacked basic geometric terms and concepts that we used today such as words for angle, slope, perpendicular and parallel.
In addition to science and math, the Babylonian's were also very known for their knowledge in Astronomy. In fact it is said that they " surpassed their neighbors in the ancient Near East in their knowledge of astronomy and mathematics". This could be because they kept detailed records of their observations of the positions and movement of heavenly bodies. They developed a calendar by the division of the hour into sixty minutes, this later became a Babylonian legacy. Both the Egyptians and the Babylonians divided the day into hours. They then divided their day, sunset began at twelve " double hour", each consisting of sixty " double minutes". For there each day was also divided into six equal parts for calculation and observation.
We have seen how government, math and science resemble the lifestyle we live today but in order to make a clear comparison I have to contrast economy. The economy of Babylonia was based on farming, carpeting, pottery and clay goods, stone sculpture and selling songs. Many of the chemicals are chemists used today were used by Babylonian chemists these chemicals vary from acids, sodas, silicates, limes, metals and metallic oxides. These chemicals help establish irrigation, which later helped to produce barely and wheat. Low agriculture factors contributed to the development of large scale fields. They knowledge of pottery and clay helped the Babylonians to built gazed brick walls of the Ishtar Gate and provided historians with evidence that they were aware of ceramic mass production. The modern scale that is used to warm your vocals before singing originally came from Babylonia.