The Atomic Bomb

The Atomic Bomb

Length: 1128 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The Atomic Bomb


The atomic bomb is a powerful, explosive nuclear weapon. It is fueled by the fission of the nuclei of specific amounts of plutonium or uranium, in a chain reaction. The strength of the explosion created by one of these bombs is equal to the strength of an explosion created by thousands of tons of TNT.

To detonate one of these bombs, enough mass of plutonium or uranium must be provided to reach what is known as "critical mass." Critical mass is the mass at which the nuclear reactions going on inside the material can make up for the neutrons that are leaving the material through its outside surface. These materials are usually separated within the bomb so that critical mass cannot be reached until the bomb is ready to explode. Once the chemical reactions within the bomb begin, the neutrons released by each reaction hit other atoms and create more fission reactions until all the material is scattered, or completely exhausted. This process releases enormous amounts of energy in the form of extreme heat and a massive shock wave. These nuclear explosions, in addition to their pressure waves, high winds, and flash burns, produce deadly radiation that contaminates soil and water, and destroyed living matter.

The atomic bomb was first created in the early twentieth century. Physicists in the United States and Europe had discovered that the fission of uranium could be used to create a deadly explosive weapon. A letter was sent to U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt by Albert Einstein that described this discovery and warned him of its potential dangers if developed by other nations. The Manhattan Project was established by the U.S. government in 1942 so the country could develop an atomic device. A team under the command of United States Army Brigadier General Leslie R. Groves designed and built the first atomic bombs, directed by J. Robert Oppenheimer. This type of bomb was first tested at Alamogordo, New Mexico, on July 16, 1945. The amount of energy that was released by this explosion alone was equivalent to twenty thousand tons of TNT.
Many nations have tested nuclear devices, in the atmosphere, under the earth, and under the oceans. Only the United States of America, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China openly admit to possessing these nuclear weapons. Many other nations, however, are thought to have the capability to assemble these items quickly.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Atomic Bomb." 123HelpMe.com. 16 Jun 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=23295>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Understanding the Decisions to Drop The Atomic Bomb

- The death of thousands in a moment, this was the power of the weapon the United States held in their possession. It was nearly the end of World War II. With Germany defeated and the Allied Forces ready for the cease-fire, only the Axis power of Japan stood in the way of the end of the World War. Worried about Nazi Germany’s technological advances earlier in the war, the United States began to research atomic energy and the possibility of creating an atomic bomb (Walker 10). When the bombs were created, the arguments for and against the use of it were gruesome, lengthy, and all understandable in some way....   [tags: world war, atomic bomb, hiroshima]

Research Papers
877 words (2.5 pages)

Physics of the Atomic Bomb Essay

- The atomic bomb (also known as the atom bomb, A-bomb , or nuclear bomb) has a destructive power created by the fission of either uranium or plutonium. But, not any isotope of uranium can be used. Only U235 is used in the production of an atom bomb. U235 is very hard to come by due to the fact that it is only present within 0.7% of all natural uranium. In order to separate the U235 isotope from natural uranium a process of enrichment is used. The uranium must be enriched to 90% for actual use in a bomb....   [tags: physics atom atomic bomb nuclear a-bomb]

Free Essays
725 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Atomic Bomb

- The Atomic Bomb On July 16, 1945, in Alamogordo, New Mexico, the world was forced into a new age. With the first successful testing of the atom bomb humanity demonstrated to itself its own horrifying nature....   [tags: History WWII Atomic Bomb]

Free Essays
1145 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Dropping the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima

- Dropping of the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima With the closing of the Second World War at hand, Harry S. Truman represented the United States in Potsdam Germany to decide the fate of a post war world. The key individuals in the conference consisted of the allied leaders, Soviet Premier Stalin, Prime Minister Churchill, and Truman. Dubbed the “big Three” in the second conference of the post war, they were charged with the daunting task of dealing with Japan and their continued effort in the ending war....   [tags: destruction, bomb, target, lesson]

Research Papers
1093 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on The Atomic Bomb Of The United States

- Cold war 1945, The United states are the first and only nation to use an atomic bomb weapon during the purpose of wartime. The dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan marked the end of World War II. During the 1940’s the United States have been already in the process of working on this atomic bomb. Particularly, the first test of the atomic bomb was dated July 1945, located in New Mexico, as a result of this, the outcome of the weapon with its power had an enormous result showing the strength what this weapon can portray....   [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]

Research Papers
1032 words (2.9 pages)

The Atomic Bomb On Hiroshima And Nagasaki Essay

- 240,000 Japanese laid dead after the United States dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The United States was completely unjust by dropping the atomic bomb. The measure of dropping the atomic bomb was too high, and the United States did not take into account the dire consequences. I believe there was an alternative to the atomic bomb that the United States did not consider, and they acted to fast on such a traumatic decision, that it caused many people and animals their lives, and the environment suffered....   [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]

Research Papers
725 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on The Shock Of The Atomic Bomb

- A Critical Analysis of: The Shock of the Atomic Bomb and Japan 's Decision to Surrender- A Reconsideration In “The Shock of the Atomic Bomb and Japan’s Decision to Surrender – A Reconsideration” Sadao Asada familiarizes his reader with the events of August 6th, 1945, the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. He goes on the create an image of the destructive power of the bomb, and how American President Harry Truman promised that there would be more atomic bombs dropped on Japanese cities if Japan did not surrender immediately....   [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]

Research Papers
2071 words (5.9 pages)

The Atomic Bomb Of Hiroshima Essay

- George Wald stated that “The only use for an atomic bomb is to keep somebody else from using one”. On August 6, 1945 America dropped the first Atomic bomb on Japan to try to end the war and to retaliate on Japan for attacking Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 to try and take over the Pacific. America dropping the Atomic bomb consisted of many attributes such as: retaliation for Justice, weakened Japan, showed the world the destruction of the atomic bomb, proved America is stronger than it looks, and helped America receive data on the Atomic bomb....   [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]

Research Papers
1009 words (2.9 pages)

The Atomic Bomb On Japan Essay example

- Perhaps one of the most controversial topics that have ever existed is whether the U.S should have dropped the atomic bomb on Japan. To some people this is a matter of morals, while to others it is a matter of what was better politically, while some others say that it was better because it reduced the number of people that died. There is two views on the atomic bomb dropping, one side says it was the right thing to do while the other side says it was the wrong thing to do and it seems as if the American people are the only ones that are saying that it was the right thing to do....   [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]

Research Papers
1456 words (4.2 pages)

Hiroshima And The Atomic Bomb Essay

- Hiroshima before the bombing was a great amazing place filled with peace and happiness.whenever Japan became involved in a military action in Asia, Hiroshima was the base for assembly and performing of troops. As years went by, Hiroshima 's military facilities grew more numerous and useful. Hiroshima came to be known as an academic city, the population had reached 200,000 and the city was the political and economic center of the Chugoku Region.United States was the first and only nation to use the atomic weapon during the war time.” In 1940, the U.S....   [tags: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki]

Research Papers
1530 words (4.4 pages)

Related Searches



After World War II ended, there was a considerable amount of support developed for arms control, and for alternatives to military conflict in international relations. The United Nations Charter was designed to permit a "supranational" agency to enforce peace, avoiding the many weaknesses of the League of Nations agreement. Through this, attempts through treaties, proclamations, convention, and tacit agreement to limit the destructiveness of war by controlling the acquisition and use of weapons and military technology have been made. It has been noted, that in three thousand years of recorded history, that less than three hundred years have been free of armed conflict.

The two major memories using this type of bomb were used in World War II, to prevent further expansion and military dominance by Japan. It became a member of the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis, causing the United States to freeze all Japanese assets. The United States also cut off all oil sales to Japan. A peace delegation was sent by Japan to Washington, D.C. Japan promises to withdraw from Southeast Asia, if the United States will unfreeze their assets, sell scrap iron, stop aid to China. The United States refused this offer, and on December seventh, Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. The United States made an agreement with England that the "European theater" would be the first priority in the war, then the allies would help the United States defeat Japan. It was after this that the United States developed the atomic bomb.

The only times that nuclear weapons were used in a conflict between nations was near the end of World War II, in an attempt to get Japan to surrender to the United States. The first atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima . Over one hundred thousand people were killed by "Little Boy," the bomb that was dropped on this city. After Japan still did not surrender, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, another Japanese city. "Fat Man," as this bomb was nicknamed, was estimated to have killed over forty thousand people. Japan agreed to surrender on August fourteenth, 1945. This development of these bombs brought with it the fear of devastating whole civilizations. Even though the United States of America maintained a monopoly on nuclear weapons, it made proposals in the United Nations for the control and elimination of atomic energy for military purposes. In June of 1946, an American representative named Bernard Baruch presented a plan to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission. Within in this, he called for international control over the processing of nuclear materials, safeguards to ensure the atomic energy would be used only for civilian purposes, and the complete abolition of all nuclear weapons. The former USSR vetoed this plan in the Security Council, objecting to the United Nation's authority over disarmament, and citing the domination of that body by Western Europe and the United States.

The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki have justified in many ways, according to the United States government. It was stated that it was obvious that Japan would never surrender without such an act. The United States economy was suffering. The President believed that there would be a tremendous loss of American life if the war continued. The former Soviet Union was advancing. The United States couldn't allow it to reach Japan first. Scientific justifications were also made - the United States wanted to test the bombs to see which would be better made in actual conditions.

As a result of this, the United States was established as a world military power. Japan was horrified, and adopts a pacifist manner, avoiding war no matter what. The world was shocked at such a method of brutality. This event also marked the first time in history that Japan was defeated. The United States continued to occupy Japan, under the command of commander Macarthur.

The United States felt that there was justification in using these bombs to end World War II in the Pacific. President Truman felt that it was necessary to use, for that reason. I feel that the United States was not justified in using the bomb to end the war because of the massive destruction that they knew it would cause. Unless the United States knew that the Soviet Union was a direct threat to the United States itself, I feel that they should not have acted in the manner that they did.
Return to 123HelpMe.com