Problems of Medieval Europe

Problems of Medieval Europe

Length: 804 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Problems of Medieval Europe

The setting: Medieval Europe. The problem: the pope is living in Avignon, under strict control from the French King. The plague is ravaging Europe, leaving behind whole cities of corpses. Sanitation is very poor, there are no sewer systems, and more often than not, one could find human and animal feces lining the streets. The standard of living is very low, and much of this is blamed on religion. Many people would like to see the pope dead. Solutions are virtually non-existent. The pope is looking for a way to restore his power, and improve the life of Europeans.

The main problem facing the pope was, of course, the plague. Nearly twenty-five million people had died of this highly infectious disease already, and it didn't appear to be slowing. Medieval physicians had developed a number of "cures," some as absurd as placing live chickens on the wounds of the infected. Due to the primitive technology at that time, there were very few actual cures. Many of the practices of the doctors were invented simply to deceive the populous into believing that they had cures, and that all was not lost. The pope, in his quarters at Avignon, sat between two large fires. They thought that this would purify the "bad air" which most blamed for the spread of the plague. Although there was no bad air, the fires actually did prevent the plague, killing off the bubonic bacteria. This was an example of what some people call "accidental science," or a discovery made from superstition, or by accident.

From the viewpoint of a medieval doctor, there were few things you could do. Most medicine at that time was based on the four humors, and the four qualities. The four humors were phlegm, blood, bile, and black bile. Illness would occur when these humors were imbalanced. Doctors often let blood, attempting to restore balance. There were also four qualities; heat, cold, moistness, dryness. Diseases were often deemed to have two qualities, i.e. hot and dry. If a person had a disease that was hot and dry, they would be administered a plant that was considered cold and moist.

Basically what I have tried to say in the previous two chapters is that there was no medicinal cure for the plague in medieval times. If they had antibiotics, however, there would have been very few fatalities.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Problems of Medieval Europe." 20 Feb 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Problems Faced by England c. 1300-1500

- Despite of the fact that England is separated from the Continental Europe, it couldn't avoid typical problems of a Medieval country such as wars, epidemics, rebellions. The external problem was The Hundred Years' War. The domestic ones were the plague epidemic and The Peasants' Revolt. Each of the problems had an impact on the English history timeline, influenced on its way of achieving what we observe now. The Hundred Years' War Started as a dynasty conflict argument the lines of the house of Capetians, nowadays this series of armed conflicts between England and duchy of Burgundy on one side and the Auld Alliance of France and Scotland on the other is known as The Hundred Years' War....   [tags: British medieval history]

Research Papers
865 words (2.5 pages)

Medieval Europe And Its Effects Essay

- Late Medieval Europe was a very different time from what Europe is today. It was a time where social mobility was unthinkable; people lived in fear of their creator, and were always trying to please their creator. In addition, Medieval Europe was an unhealthy and unhygienic state, where sickness and disease was rampant. It was a place where women had little to no rights, and minority groups were frequently falsely accused of many problems that were out of their control. For example, they were blamed for drought, which usually resulted in their unjust persecution because they “angered” God....   [tags: Black Death, Middle Ages, Renaissance]

Research Papers
1441 words (4.1 pages)

An Article On Religion During Medieval Europe Essays

- Robert Wood Bynum, Caroline Walker. Christian Materiality: An Essay on Religion in Late Medieval Europe. New York: Zone Books, 2011. In Christian Materiality, Caroline Bynum explores the understanding and transformation of religious matter in the medieval world. Modern scholarship portrays matter as essentially static and inert but Bynum responds to the medieval conception that matter has the potential to transform. Medieval theorists following the ideas of Aristotle saw the “body” as a “changeable thing” or something able to undergo a metamorphosis....   [tags: Middle Ages, Renaissance, Black Death, Miracle]

Research Papers
1286 words (3.7 pages)

Medieval Europe And The Renaissance Essay

- When I look at the conflicts that medieval European people faced and the conflicts that modern people face, I see a huge difference. Our government, economics, science, mobility, art, literacy and health are very different. Some aspects of religion are different, but not many. The Black Death and feudalism are some major contributions to the medieval times. The Black Death is known as a beneficial divider between the central and Middle Ages. The changes are numerous. They include the introduction of gunpowder, importance of cities, economic and demographic crises, and powerful new currents in culture and religion....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
935 words (2.7 pages)

Medieval Humanism And The Medieval World Essay

- The word humanism is a relatively broad term described by Merriam-Webster as, “a system of values and beliefs that is based on the idea that people are basically good and that problems can be solved using reason instead of religion”. While this seems a perfectly reasonable definition for the present day, it does not adequately apply to medieval society. If such a definition was used by a person from the 12th century, that person would likely be looked at incredulously and then swiftly called a heretic or a blasphemer....   [tags: Middle Ages, Feudalism, Humanism]

Research Papers
1481 words (4.2 pages)

The Effects of The Black Death on the Economic and Social Life of Europe

- The Effects of The Black Death on the Economic and Social Life of Europe The Black Death is the name later given to the epidemic of plague that ravaged Europe between 1347 and 1351. The disaster affected all aspects of life. Depopulation and shortage of labor hastened changes already inherent in the rural economy; the substitution of wages for labor services was accelerated, and social stratification became less rigid. Psychological morbidity affected the arts; in religion, the lack of educated personnel among the clergy gravely reduced the intellectual vigor of the church....   [tags: European Europe History]

Free Essays
1343 words (3.8 pages)

The Medieval Period Essay

- A set point in the historical time line stands as the medieval period. The medieval period in history was the era in European history – from around the 5th to the 15th century, coming after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and preceding the start of the early modern era. This historical time period has been long since been the victim of film directors and romantic novelists, which has lead to the common, but false, idea of the medieval period consisting of knights and damsels in distress, wizards and dragons, and castles and battles....   [tags: European History ]

Research Papers
1166 words (3.3 pages)

Medieval Times And The Renaissance Era Essay

- In my essay, I will be describing how medieval times lead to the 14th century Renaissance modern era. How many people lived there lives in the 14th century was very different how people lived in the Renaissance era. I will compare and contrast throughout my essay, how the 14th century and was different and what led to the Renaissance era. The middle Ages people were not as advanced so everything was centered on war and death. The medieval period is known in history as the era of European history focusing around the start of the 15th century, which came after the demise of the Roman Empire, which was due mainly to The Hundred Years War between France and England....   [tags: Renaissance, Middle Ages, Italy, Humanism]

Research Papers
1564 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Nim Gimmers in Medieval Times

- During the Medieval times, the occupation of a Nim Gimmer was an essential aspect of many lives. During the years of 1066-1485, many quandaries took place between those years such as The Black Death. A dilemma arose in many peasants towns and disease became very dynamic in their lives. The populations grew and these health problems became worse, and the medical knowledge was limited . This medieval occupation was fundamental during the middle ages. Their hard work,daily life, and money was not important to them,but the patients became their humanity....   [tags: doctors in the middle ages]

Research Papers
702 words (2 pages)

Medieval versus Renaissance Eras Essay

- Medieval and Renaissance Eras      It is amazing how significantly various aspects of society can and will change over a prolonged period of time. Between the time periods of the Medieval era and the Renaissance, one can note numerous significant changes, mainly those pertaining to art and religion. In general, ideals and subjects during the Renaissance became more secular. In Medieval times, people seemed to focus mainly on the church, God, and the afterlife; during the Renaissance, the focus was more secular: humans and life on earth....   [tags: Compare Contrast History Art Essays]

Free Essays
1096 words (3.1 pages)

Related Searches

The other large problem that the pope had to deal with was, of course, the fact that life in Europe sucked at the time, and that everyone wanted him dead. The poor standard of living was due to many factors. Poor sanitation, famine, disease, war, poverty, you name it, they suffered through it. Many of these problems were much more easily solved than the plague.

The digging of a public sewer system would have alleviated many of the pestilence and disease problems of the age. The Bubonic plague was carried by fleas which resided on rats. The rats infested the cities because of poor sanitation and the filth that coated the cities. If the cities were cleaner, the rats would not number as many, and they would stay in the sewers, as they do today (mostly).

Another problem was famine. There was more than one reason for this. Many farmers died of the plague, which decreased the land-owner's ability to produce enough food. Also many nobles died of the plague, and their slaves and farmers would move away and stop farming the land. Working class people also died, leaving many positions in the cities open, such as blacksmiths, cobblers, bakers, etc. If the pope or kings had given free land to people to farm, maybe they would have produced food. The king could also have paid peasants to farm for him.

While the pope was at Avignon, there were other leaders of the church trying to claim power. They were splitting the populous, and often this led to battles and bloodshed. There was also the great schism, or splitting, of the church. Rome and Constantinople, two centers of Christianity, had been quarreling for quite some time. The crusaders had taken over the east, and they pillaged many cities, including Constantinople. They did not take the time to distinguish between Christians and Muslims, killing and raping. Finally, the orthodox east declared itself separate from Rome. This added to the political and religious disputes that were already present with the crusades. The pope could have had the other religious leaders killed to protect his reign, but either he didn't think of it, or he hadn't the cajones.

By 1450, the Dark Ages were ending, and the Renaissance beginning. The plague had disappeared, save for small, isolated outbreaks a couple times a century. Columbus had sailed to America, scientists made important discoveries, and art flourished. So begins modern history.
Return to