Essay PreviewMore ↓
It is the last football game of the season and the running back suddenly breaks his leg. As John is rushed to the hospital, he thinks of how much pain he is in and how much pain he is going to be in for the next several hours. What John does not know is how much pain he would be in if the medic wouldn't have shot some type of anesthesia into his broken leg. John also doesn't realize that when his grandfather played football, there wasn't any anesthesia and the pain was excruciating.
Anesthesiology is the process in which medical doctors or dentists use drugs to relieve pain in their patients. Anesthesiologists' job is to see that enough medication is given to the patient to make sure he does not feel the pain. These doctors are responsible for make certain that the patient keeps all vital functions. The anesthesiologists are responsible for giving their patients not only the anesthesia, but also any other prescriptions that they might be taking at the time. At the end of the surgery, anesthesiologists undo the procedure.
The first pain medication explored was "sweet vitriol" or ether. Raymundus Lullius, a Spanish chemist, experimented with ether in 1275. Dr. Crawford Williams Long first used ether in medical procedures as an anesthesia on March 30, 1842. Dr. Long extracted a tumor from the neck of one of his patients.
Dr. Morton found Dr. Crawford's experiments interesting and started performing his own experiments at his home in Massachusetts on small animals and himself. Controlling how the drug was given was up to Joseph M. Wightman and Nathan B. Chamberlain. They developed the vaporization process. The safe use of anesthesia came to use in 1846 when Dr. Morton used general anesthesia to put Edward Gilbert Abbott's body under a numbing stage to remove a growth on his neck. After a few more procedures, Morton began to advertise his discovery. He then patented his use of ether and called it Letheon. In the beginning, Morton refused to disclose the chemical makeup of his new discovery and this worried many of the doctors in the area. Before Morton was recognized he died from a stroke (Evans). Morton only knew of one type of anesthesia and that was to put the whole body under a state of numbness and also the case was in WWII.
How to Cite this Page
"The History of Anesthesia." 123HelpMe.com. 20 Aug 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- I will be telling you my short little paper on the History of Anesthesia. I will be telling what some terms mean that will be used in anesthesia history. Also I will be telling a some dates from years before our time on how anesthesia came from and who was there, and what drugs came out. First I will be starting out with several definition of the term anesthesia. The absence of normal sensitiation, especially to pain, as induced by an anesthetic substance or by hypnosis or as occurs with traumatic or pathophysiologic damage to nerve tissue.... [tags: Biology Medicine]
3290 words (9.4 pages)
- General Anesthesia In the early 1800’s, before the use of anesthesia, many patients with life threatening issues would forgo surgery and choose the permanent path of death rather than undergo a painful, emotionally scarring procedure such as surgery before anesthesia. When surgeries did take place, they would be performed on the top floors of hospitals so that the other patients couldn’t hear the screams. More than 8,000 anesthesia-free operations were performed in the Ether Dome at Mass General Hospital, coincidentally the birthplace of the first surgery “without pain” (Mass General).... [tags: breakthroughs in surgery]
1064 words (3 pages)
- The creation of anesthesia is the greatest breakthrough since the wheel. It has not only helped the development of medicine in the doctoring field, but has also helped in the dentistry field. Without anesthesia, medical surgeries would not be possible. Some of the procedures that need to be done then and now would not be possible without some type of anesthetic. They are far too painful to be done on a conscious person. Although the original anesthetics are not used anymore, they were used to further advance anesthesia and helped to develop better methods and medicine.... [tags: surgery, pain, medicine]
541 words (1.5 pages)
- The scene is a 19th century home; a man knocks on the door for his appointment. The door opens and standing there is the doctor in a stiff, dry, blood-covered smock. The man is there for surgery and the doctor leads him to his designated operating room. As the doctor sets the man down in the chair, the man sees the dry blood and sharp instruments. He starts to have second thoughts on the surgery and struggles to get away. Two of the doctor’s assistants hold him down as the doctor gives him a blow to the head to knock his patient out.... [tags: Medical World, Medicine Advancements]
1630 words (4.7 pages)
- One of the mainstay for anesthesia providers is the maintenance of the patient’s airway. Many complications can occur in a short time while the patient is under anesthesia; one life-threatening complication that can occur is bronchospasm. “Bronchospasm, the clinical feature of exacerbated underlying airway hyerreactivity, has the potential to become an anesthetic disaster. (Pascale)” Many factors can contribute to bronchospasm and some of those can be due to the actions of the anesthesia provider themselves during the perioperative period.... [tags: review of current literature]
1597 words (4.6 pages)
- Throughout the years, there has been an ongoing controversy over whether or not nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) should be allowed to administer anesthesia. There are various legal issues surrounding nurse anesthetists ranging from the illegal practicing of anesthesia to physician supervision requirements. A nurse anesthetist is a specialized nurse who has been adequately trained to administer anesthesia—drugs that induce loss of pain or sensation. These types of nurses are registered and have completed additional years of college in order for them to practice anesthesia.... [tags: ww I, sister mary bernard, caregivers]
1368 words (3.9 pages)
- ... Advancements in health care have unfolded through trial and error. These progressive improvements in patient care are profoundly swayed by public attitudes and medical theories. Since we have had such difficulty in finding our way out of the stigma mental illness maintains on today’s society, it is not surprising that psychiatry continues to lag behind other fields of medicine in terms of advancements. Officially, up to the end of the 18th Century, psychiatry was not even a known science. (4) There was really no such thing as psychiatry.... [tags: earliest practices, treatment, mental health]
1285 words (3.7 pages)
- Abortion is the conclusion of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability. It can also happen unconsciously, which is known as a “miscarriage.” For centuries the Church accepted abortion and the law did not punish it. Anti-abortion laws began in the United States in the 19th century and in the 20th century many states banished abortion. Abortion laws have been passed for many reasons such as the concern for women’s health, the need of medical profession, culture and religious fear etc.... [tags: voluntary termination of pregnancy]
2570 words (7.3 pages)
- The history of technology begins two and a half million years ago with the stone age. Flint was split and sharpened to be used as a tool. Within a hundreds of thousands of years these stone tools became specialized for boring, scraping, cutting and sharp points. Five hundred thousand years ago in China, man discovers fire. The Neolithic period 8000BC of the Stone age brought about many new technologies. These technologies are pottery, textiles, bricks made in Jericho made of clay or mud and sun dried, the spinning spindle which brought about knitting.... [tags: stone age, newton, da vinci]
1320 words (3.8 pages)
- Anesthesia was developed in order to block or prevent pain during medical procedures. Anesthesia has been the backbone of the medical world for around 100 years now. Early anesthetics were primitive and many patients simply did not trust anesthetics. Anesthesia is still a risky process even in todays advanced medical world. Anesthesia is not used to treat or diagnose any specific disease; the sole purpose is to aid both the patient and surgeon through procedures. However, anesthesia is used in different ways based on the magnitude of the procedure.... [tags: Medicine]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
Before WWII, anesthesia was generally arranged by nurse anesthetists or partially trained practitioners. During WWII, doctors who knew how to perform anesthesiology were limited. After WWII, anesthesiology picked up the pace. Prior to this, anesthesiologists had to provide their own equipment.
Local anesthesia is used today by doctors to numb a small area of the body such as your hand. This type of anesthesia is common in children who come in with a broken hand or foot. Doctors use regional anesthesia to numb a larger part of the body such as a leg. When the injury is not too serious, the doctor will not put the patient completely under, they use this type of anesthesia. When doctors need to put the patient completely to sleep, they use general anesthesia.
Every year twenty-five million surgeries require some type of anesthesia. During the operation, anesthesiologists select from many types of drugs to fulfil the needs of the operation and the patient. The amount of anesthesia used depends on the person, and the surgery. An older patient or child wouldn't need as much as a healthy middle-aged patient. The amount of anesthesia needed for patients who want to go home after a surgery isn't going to be as much as a patient who is staying in the hospital. If a patient is on some type of medication that will react with the anesthesia, then the doctor then has to find a way around it by using another type of anesthesia.
There are many different types of anesthesia and many different ways to give anesthesia. In general anesthesia the patient have the choice of either gases inhaled through a breathing mask or a type of medication given through an IV. In regional anesthesia the doctor may either numb an area of your body that is being operated on or the patient may be sedated. The main place where regional anesthesia is performed is in the back. In local anesthesia the doctor will inject a needle full of anesthesia into the area of pain.
There are risks of anesthesia just as there is for any operation. Most of the time it is not at fault of the anesthesiologist. If a person is using alcohol, drugs, or a type of nicotine, then the person has greater risk of having a complication. Also if a person in good health compares to a person in bad health, the healthy is less likely to have any complications (Holmes). Complications dealing with anesthesia have gone down drastically over the past twenty-five years. Anesthesiology is becoming a popular career and the numbers of anesthesiologists have doubled in the past twenty-five years.
Some people prefer a more natural effect. Some ways to perform such a procedure is acupuncture, cell therapy, environmental medicine, magnetic field therapy, naturopathic medicine, and osteopathy. Acupuncture is a medical practice used today to increase the immune response by matching the flow of vital life energy to the vital life energy in other parts of the body. Cell therapy is also used today and is the medical practice in which healthy cells are injected into an unhealthy body. The environmental medicine is practices such as dieting and fasting. Magnetic field therapy is the process which magnets are used to help treat the patient. Osteopathy is the process in which the musculoskeletal system is re-established by means of the structural balance. Also hypnotherapy, or hypnosis, is a common anesthesia. !!
As John walks out of the hospital three days later, he is still on a mild anesthesia. He now realizes that he is in a lot of pain and will be for a while. With the medical field advancing every day, anesthesiology will become more advanced in the near future. The future of anesthesia included developing a machine that will take the place of an anesthesiologist. This machine will be able to show the gas flow inside the machine.