Cloning and Mind Zombies

Cloning and Mind Zombies

Length: 1851 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓

Cloning and Mind Zombies


        Cloning, is it the thing of the future?  Or is it a start of a new

generation?  To some, cloning could give back a life.  A life of fun, happiness,

and freedom. For others it could mean destruction, evil, or power. Throughout

this paper, you the reader, should get a better concept of cloning, it's ethics,

the pro's and con's, and the concerns it has brought up.  You will hear the good

of what cloning can do and the bad that comes with the good. Most of the

information you will read about in this paper is what might become of the future.

Even though the cloning of humans can not be accomplished.  When it is the

possibilities are endless.


        What is cloning?  How did it get started? Well, it is like this.  A

clone is a genetic copy or a replica of an living organism.  But, when you gear

cloning doesn't a Si-Fi movie come to mind. Like when they take a nucleus, place

it in a egg, put the egg in a incubator, and when it hatches it's an exact

replica of the original being (Lawren).  Though this has been done with frogs it

has not yet been accomplished with mammals (Lawren).  Another way to make a

clone, as they do in the cattle buisness, is to split the cells of a early

multi-celled embryo which will form two new embryos (Lawren).


        For it to get started into practice it took more than fifty years of

questioning and testing.  The first successful cloning experiment involved a

leopard frog.  It  took place in, 1952 with group of  scientist from the

Institute for Cancer Research in Philadelphia (Lawren). To clone the frog they

used an embryonic frog cell nucleus(Margery). 1962, John Gurdon of Cambridge

University cloned a toad that survive threw adulthood and was able to reproduce.

He was also the first to take a nucleus from a fully contrast tadpole intestinal

cell and cloned toads(Robertson).   As you can see we are getting close to the

cloning of humans.  1981, Steen Willadsen was the first to clone a artificial

chimera. He did this by mixing a sheep and a goat getting the result of a "geep"

(Lawren).  It had the body shape and the head of a goat, and a dappled coat

which had large patches of sheep's wool.  1984, Willadsen cloned the first

verifiable mammal, using embryonic nuclei transplant into an unfertilized sheep

egg.  Also in, 1986, when he worked for Texas bioengineering company (Lawren).

By using the embryonic nuclei, he produces the first cloned calves from cattle.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Cloning and Mind Zombies." 23 Sep 2018

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Pros and Cons of Human Cloning Essay

- The cloning of humans is now very close to reality, thanks to the historic scientific breakthrough of Dr. Ian Wilmut and his colleagues in the UK. This possibility is one of incredible potential benefit for all of us. Unfortunately the initial debate on this issue has been dominated by misleading, sensationalized accounts in the news media and negative emotional reactions derived from inaccurate science fiction. Much of the negativity about human cloning is based simply on the breathtaking novelty of the concept rather than on any real undesirable consequences....   [tags: Pro Con Essays]

Research Papers
3771 words (10.8 pages)

Essay on Zombies: Are They Real or Something of Imagination?

- Concepts are how we give meaning to everyday things. We make, name, communicate, and imagine concepts all day everyday; concepts are vital to understanding this world we live in. A concept is an abstract idea or a cognitive unit of meaning. Zombies, for example, are a concept, but where did this concept of the living dead arise. Is there some religious link to this concept or is it an image of imagination. A zombie is defined as a fictional undead demon or a person in a rapt state being controlled by a bokor, sorcerer, or a wizard....   [tags: Wade Davis, Origin of Zombies]

Research Papers
1546 words (4.4 pages)

The Zombies Essay examples

- Imagine, if you will, a brisk night wind coming fast across a lake carrying a pungent smell, something you can’t quite identify, but is nonetheless familiar enough to send a shiver up your spine. As it hits the trees, they creak out a somber call in the still night air. Or was that groan something more…human. You notice, for the first time, the absence of tires humming on pavement and you wonder if it’s that late, or maybe just a slow night. The soft tapping of your shoes on the sidewalk is the only accompaniment your slow breathing has as you move towards the warmth of your home, holding thoughts of a warm bed in the palm of your hand to keep the chill away....   [tags: Creative Writing Essays]

Research Papers
2276 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on A Case for Cloning

- One reason people protest the idea of cloning is because may are mystified as to how it could be used and what its purposes can be. I know that if it were your child, you would use every possible measure to keep them alive. The fact that we, as humans, might be able to figure out how to clone so that lives could be saved is extremely exciting and inspiring. On the other hand, there is a time and a place for everything, including research. While cloning is justifiable in certain circumstances, I would want to make sure other healthcare issues were taken care before donating money to research for cloning....   [tags: Cloning]

Research Papers
1446 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on History of Cloning

- Cloning is defined as the different processes for duplicating biological materials such as tissues and new life forms (“Cloning Fact Sheet” 2009). The cloning of human tissue should be allowed because the fields of medicine benefit from it; however, the full cloning of humans is a mockery of life because it creates a population of people who will not evolve or adapt to changes in the environment. Therefore, the government should financially support the research of therapeutic cloning while condemning the act of reproductive human cloning....   [tags: Cloning]

Research Papers
1323 words (3.8 pages)

Benefits of Cloning Essay

- Cloning is the process of making a genetically identical organism through the use of a DNA sample. After the first cloned sheep dolly was created, many people were keen in knowing more about cloning and its benefit to society. Additionally, many of us want to know the pros and con the disadvantages and possible risks it may have on society and mankind. Most importantly, there are three types of cloning, therapeutic, reproductive, and embryonic cloning. These types of cloning are all ways of scientists trying to find ways to produce a living organism or organs....   [tags: Cloning]

Research Papers
726 words (2.1 pages)

Two of Us: Cloning Essay

- Have you ever wondered what it would be like if you had twin or even if you had a clone. If you had an illness like diabetes, have you ever wondered what it would be like if you did not. Cloning is the creation of an organism that is an exact genetic copy of another. The first successful clone was in 1997 when scientist Edinburgh cloned Dolly the sheep. She was the first animal to be cloned with an adult somatic cell by using the process of nuclear transfer. She was born on July 5 1996, lived to the age of six and died after being diagnosed with lung disease called Jaagsiekte....   [tags: Cloning]

Research Papers
1483 words (4.2 pages)

The Benefits of Cloning Essay

- The Advantages of Cloning      People often question whether or not cloning is morally acceptable in our society, and also if it is worth all the money that we spend on research for cloning.  It is hard to believe that not to long ago many people believed that joining a sperm and an egg in a test tube was considered to be morally wrong.  It is now used by millions of doctors around the world.  Cloning is at the beginning stages of being considered morally unacceptable and will soon move to be just like in-vitro fertilization.  Soon everyone will understand the benefits of cloning in agriculture, medicine, and social parenthood.  It is quite obvious that cloning has many soci...   [tags: Cloning Argumentative Persuasive Argument]

Research Papers
1061 words (3 pages)

Zombies Essay

- ZOMBIES Wesley Street is a hodgepodge of potholes and patches. As I navigate around the worst potholes, I keep a keen eye out for preoccupied pedestrians who scurry about the road like a lost army of ants. The parking lot is a sea of cars, acres and acres of cars. After what seems like endless trips up and down each aisle, I find a parking place. As I turned off the ignition, I take a deep breath and looked over at the imposing building. I checked my more time to make sure I have everything but I knew it was a delaying action....   [tags: Creative Writing Examples]

Research Papers
1429 words (4.1 pages)

Essay about Cloning

- For the last few decades, cloning was a fictitious idea that lay deep within the pages of some sci-fi novels. The very idea that cloning could one day become reality was thought to be a scientific impossibility by many experts but on one exhilarating day, what was thought to be "purely fiction" became reality. That fine day was February 22, 1997. A team from the Roslin Institute which was lead by Dr. Ian Wilmut changed the face of history forever by revealing what looked like an average sheep. That sheep was what was going to be one of the most famous if not the most famous sheep in modern day....   [tags: Biology Cloning]

Free Essays
937 words (2.7 pages)

Related Searches

The cloned cattle that were produced were super-elite, high production dairy

cows and bulls who had a high breeding rate (Robertson).  1987, James Robl of

the University of Massachusetts was the first to clone rabbits also using

embryonic nuclei. But who can say when we will be able to clone human organs or

complete "biocopies" of human beings by using just the nuclei taken from a skin

sample (Lawren).


        What's so good about cloning?  Lets look at this at a different scenario.

Ned and Stacey are in a hospital. The both of them have a kidney that is

failing them.  For Ned this is no big deal, since  he has a clone.  All the

doctor has to do is remove the cloned kidney and switch it with the bad one.

With this cloned kidney you don't need to worry about the body rejecting it

because it is made from the same DNA and the cells will react to it as if it was

the original one.  On the other hand for Stacey she doesn't have a clone. So,

all she can do is pray for a donor's kidney to arrive before she dies.  Another

good thing is we could create farm or "pharm" animals genetically engineered to

produce valuable drugs (Resenberger).  Like scientist are creating an animal

that will manufacture anti-clotting drugs for humans in their milk by gene-

spliced sheep and mice (Resenberger).  With this breeders could make formerly

expensive drugs in large quanities at a low cost.  Doesn't all of this sound

good to have?  Or are we just overlooking the bad possibilities.  Lets just say

some freak wants to make an army of one hundreds Adolf Hitlers.  Or try to clone

Einstein.  Also people could go out and buy a son that will grow up to be

Micheal Jordan or Mike Tyson.  But in a way this is good for people who are

unable to have children. Some thought of the future is immortality.  When you

make a clone it is like being born again.  You have a whole other body waiting

for you.  You could be 80yrs old and switch into a 21yrs olds body (Lawren).

You lose a limb just get another one sewn back on (Lawren). These possibilities

can go on  and on.


        Cloning can also produce doubles, triples, even quadruplets.  In a way

this is good for some families.  Are you wondering how this could be good?  Well,

just think about this.  This couple had a cloned son implanted in the wife.

When the son is born he is just fine and normal like every other baby.  After a

few years the kid is able to walk and wonders off some where.  the next thing

you now it the kid is hit by a car and is killed on the scene.  Even though this

is a tragic event.  The mother and father can go back to the lab to get the

exact cloned baby.  The new cloned baby has the same physical features, but

mentally he will be different (Robertson).  So, the personalities of the two

will be different. One or the other will learn different stuff and at a

different rate.  And the lab will always have a copy or clone for another child.

In a bad sense, the company that is making the cloned embryo could also sell the

same copy to another couple.  In time you had one cloned son and then a couple

years later you have the exact clone son again.  Which might make the first son

feel like he is in a awkward position .  Having a brother that is exactly like

him physically.  So, as you can see cloning has its good and its bad (Robertson).


        Though this seems too good to be true or the worst nightmare you have

ever had. This stuff still can not be accomplished yet.  All though a lot of

attempts have been tried. The human embryo still does not want to develops into

a clone.  And so far it has been taking years of painstaking research.  Some

peoples opinion about are good or bad.  Like Marie Diberardino, Ph.D. who

researches animal cloning at the Medical College of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia

says, "The cloning of animals is certainly useful, but I'm morally against

manipulation genetic material that would develop into a whole human being.  We

just don't have the right to manipulate the gene pool of human



        As you can see, Marie is against the cloning of human beings, but John

C. Fletcher, Ph.D., of the University of Virginia's Center for Biomedical Ethics

believes in cloning for human parts, but not for human manipulation.  He says,

"I don't think any [ethics] committee would approve research that would mutilate

an embryo by destroying the brain.  I know if I were looking at such a proposal,

I'd say no.  But  If you could grow me a liver from one of my cells, I wouldn't

opposed-- ass long as you weren't growing me. It's certainly better than taking

a liver from a kid." (Lawren).


        A biologist at Bio Time Inc. in Berkeley, California is Paul Segall.  He

is the coauthor of Living Longer, Growing Younger. He says this " The aging

surgeon's dexterity, the athlete's wind, the construction worker's muscles, the

fashion model's face -- all restored.  Complexions smooth as a baby's joints and

tendons as spry as a teenager's, hearts and lungs of an adult in his or her

prime...  Cloning will provide the raw materials to put us pack together."

Segall is definitely pro with cloning.  One thing that Segall enthuses is , "The

Seventy-year-old transformed into a nineteen-year-olds body." (Robertson).


        To research in the United States is like selling drugs on the street. So,

to see any progress in cloning seems remote.  The main ethical problem is the

fact that cloning deals with human embryos (Robertson).  Kind of like abortion,

since so far no cloning embryo has lived.  Back in 1975,  The federal government

declared that there could be no funding on the experiments on human embryos

until the government's Ethics Advisory Board gave its approval (Resenberger).

And since this is so close to abortion all politicians may stay clear of cloning

research for the foreseeable future (Resenberger).  But right now the immediate

concern is whether if there should be any restriction on research with embryos

designed to improve or perfect techniques of embryo splitting  (Margery).  if

they are able to establish the efficacy and safety of embryo splitting then it

will have to be a concern.  The two biggest ethical issues are whether they

should be able to research on normal human embryos. The second is if the embryo

create can be placed into a uterus and be born.  Some of the families concerns

are the fear if cloning violates one's uniqueness and dignity.  It will also

give the child a  unrealistic parental figures. Some feel discomfort with the

manipulation and destruction of human emboss in research. They even fear the

fact that clones could be created to provide a sick or dying child will the

organ or tissue transplant.  Still the worst fear is  the case of  the

production of the cloned embryo will be produced and sold to certain parents

looking for  the desirable child of their dreams (Resenberger) .


        In conclusion, cloning could possibly bring us immortality, it could be

the fountain of youth, its the ultimate life insurance, it could bring back

loved ones, give some couples their first child, and provide us with our own

transplants.  On the bad side one could possibly conquer the world, bring back

evil souls, create mind zombies and sell you body without you even knowing it.

So does all the good even up with the bad or is it not worth the trouble?  I

personally do not know, because to me it is strange to think that they could

make me again.  It seems like it is impossible to be born a second time in life.

One thing for sure, cloning is bring around a whole new idea to peoples heads.


Works Cited


Facklam and Margery.  From Cell to Clone.  San Francisco: W.  H.  Freeman, 1979

Lawren, Bill.  Bionic Body Building.  --: Longevity Publications Internation,

Ltd., 1991. Rensberger, Boyce.  The Frightful Invasion of the Body Doubles will

have to Wait. Washington,

        D.C.:Washington Post, 1993 Robertson, John A.  The Question of Human

Cloning.  New York: Hastings Center Report, 1994.
Return to