A Comparison of Aneas of Aeneid and Turnus of Iliad

A Comparison of Aneas of Aeneid and Turnus of Iliad

Length: 1178 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
A Comparison of Aneas of Aeneid and Turnus of Iliad

      The subtlety in the differences between Aneas and Turnus, reflect

the subtlety in the differences between the Aeneid and the Iliad.  Although

both characters are devout and noble,  Aneas does not possess the ardent

passion of Turnus.  Unlike Turnus, Aneas is able to place his beliefs in

the fated establishment of Latium before his personal interests. Although

Turnus is not a bad person, the gods favor Aneas in their schemes.  The

roles of Aneas and Turnus are reversed as the Aeneid progresses.  The

erasure of Aneas' free will accounts for his triumph and success.


      Time and time again, Aneas' courage, loyalty, and will are tested

in the Aeneid. Through seemingly endless journeys by sea, through love left

to wither, and through war and death, Aneas exhibits his anchored

principals and his unwavering character.


            "Of arms I sing and the hero, destiny's exile...

            Who in the grip of immortal powers was pounded

            By land and sea to sate the implacable hatred

            of Juno; who suffered bitterly in his battles

            As he strove for the site of his city, and safe harboring

            For his Gods in Latium" (Virgil 7).


As a slave to the gods and their plans, Aneas assimilates his mind and

sacrifices his life to the establishment of Latium.  As the greatest of all

warriors, Aneas displays his superb strength and his leadership

capabilities, by guiding the Trojans to victory over the latins and

establishing Latium.  The selflessness of Aneas and his devotion to the

Gods, enables him to leap over and break through any obstacles that

obstruct his destiny.  Patterned after Homer's Hector, Virgil's Turnus is

also a courageous and devout hero. As the most handsome of Rutilians,

Turnus' nobility reflects his physical appearance; he is a god-fearing,

libation-bearing soldier. Turnus was greatly admired and respected by his

subjects: "by far the fairest (of Italian men) /  Was Turnus, favored both

in his noble forbears /  And by the queen who advanced his claims with

eager devotion" (Virgil 147).


      Unlike Turnus, Aneas is able to place his beliefs in Rome before

his own interests; that is the defining characteristic of Aneas' heroism.

Leaving Dido, the beautiful and passionate Carthaginian Queen, was

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"A Comparison of Aneas of Aeneid and Turnus of Iliad." 123HelpMe.com. 17 Jan 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Comparison between "The Iliad" and "The Women of Troy" Essay

- The Iliad by Homer and the Women of Troy by Euripides are both Greek works of literature that look at the Trojan War from different perspectives. Book 6 of the Iliad illustrates that the ultimate glory is to fight for the city with no regard to the impact on the family. The Women of Troy focuses on the negatives that war causes, especially towards the soldier’s wives and children. Whereas the Iliad focuses on the battle itself and centers on the warriors, the Women of Troy focuses on the wrath the war brings upon the families left behind....   [tags: Iliad, Women of Troy, Homer, Euripides, Trojan War]

Research Papers
915 words (2.6 pages)

Analysis Of ' The Iliad ' Essay

- Change, in The Iliad, appears in many forms, but most originate from the actions of others. It is human nature for men to follow their will almost without any regard for those around them. This unwavering willpower brings change upon the weaker wills of other men. Faced with change, the weaker man’s path is altered either slightly or drastically. From this alteration, man is given choices or must make it himself. Through these experiences, they become more aware or more confused with what goes on around them....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, The Immortals, Achilles]

Research Papers
1639 words (4.7 pages)

Justice and Love in the Iliad Essay

- Simone Weil argues that the way Homer presents war and the use of force in the Iliad, in all of its brutality, violence, and bitterness bathes the work in the light of love and justice (pg 25). The point Weil is making is that by depicting the suffering of all of these men regardless of their side, or strength Homer equalizes them in a “condition common to all men”(pg 25). Because Homer equalizes them the reader can feel empathy, or at least compassion for all of the men. However while Weil is correct about how Homer’s descriptions of war and force reveal justice and love, she is wrong in thinking that justice and love are mere “accents” to the Iliad, and progress through the story “withou...   [tags: Iliad]

Research Papers
974 words (2.8 pages)

Analysis Of Tanakh And The Iliad Essay

- In Tanakh and The Iliad, the main focus is always on the men. Both authors depicted numerous successful male characters, either “great fathers” or powerful warriors. However, they seem to weaken the part of women. Female characters in this two books are often portrayed as peripheral--women in Tanakh seldom get blessings except the ones that are related to giving birth and women in The Iliad hardly involve in the war. They always enjoy inferior social statuses, as compared to their male counterparts....   [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Agamemnon, Achilles]

Research Papers
1280 words (3.7 pages)

A Comparison of Homeric Formalism in The Iliad and The Odyssey Essay

- Homeric Formalism in The Iliad and The Odyssey "Much that is terrible takes place in the Homeric poems, but it seldom takes place wordlessly... no speech is so filled with anger or scorn that the particles which express logical and grammatical connections are lacking or out of place." (from "Odysseus' Scar" by Erich Auerbach)   In his immaculately detailed study comparing the narrative styles of Homer to those of the Bible, Erich Auerbach hits upon one of the most notable intrigues of reading Homer, namely his unrelenting sense of epic form and rhythm....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Research Papers
1348 words (3.9 pages)

A Comparison of Fate in Iliad and Oedipus Rex Essay

- Fate in Iliad and Oedipus Rex In the stories The Iliad and Oedipus Rex, Oedipus and Achilles exemplified the portrayal of how a personal characters' fate may lay in their own hands. The egotistical mindset Oedipus held triggered one of the most tragic turns in his future, resembling Achilles. As for his excess pride, it resulted in the loss of his good friend Patroclus. Oedipus' boastful ways were the initiation of his disastrous downfall. A few years before Oedipus took reign of king, he was requested to step aside while a group of men passed....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Free Essays
407 words (1.2 pages)

Homer’s Iliad - The Shield of Achilles Essay

- Homer’s Iliad - The Shield of Achilles Homer devotes the final passages of Book 18 of The Iliad to the description of the shield of Achilles. Only a quarter of the description concerns warfare, the essential grist of the epic. Instead, the bulk of the description presents a peaceful society and rural idylls, a curious choice for the most ferocious warrior of the Greeks, and an odd thing for both armies to fear. A narrative emerges from the scenes of the shield, and it is this that fits Achilles and repulses everyone else....   [tags: Iliad essays]

Research Papers
1597 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on A Comparison of the Role of Women in Homer’s Odyssey and Iliad

- The Role of Women in Odyssey and The Iliad The Iliad and Odyssey present different ideals of women, and the goddesses, who are presented as ideal women, differ between the two epics. The difference in roles is largely dependent on power, and relations to men, as well as sexual desirability and activity. The goddesses have a major role in both epics as Helpers of men. They have varied reasons for this.  One is a maternal instinct. This is displayed in the literal mother-son relationships of Aphrodite and Aeneas, Thetis and Achilles, and the protective instinct that Athene displays in Book 3 of the Iliad when Pandarus arrow shot an arrow at Menelaus and she "took her stand in front and ward...   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]

Research Papers
3364 words (9.6 pages)

The True Hero of Homer's The Iliad Essay

- The True Hero of Homer's The Iliad The Iliad is a story in which many men should be recognized as great war heroes. They all show a tremendous amount of courage to fight in such a barbaric battle. But this paper?s main focus is between two great leaders of opposing sides. Achilles, who represents the Achaians and Hector, who represents the Trojans. Though both show their bravery during many different instances in the poem, it?s quite obvious to the reader who the better of the two is....   [tags: Home Poetry Poem Iliad Essays]

Research Papers
880 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Iliad

- The Iliad Comparison and Contrast of Achilles and Hector When audiences read Homer’s Iliad, we find that this epic tale is centered around the Greek and the Trojan War. We notice in this tale, that Achilles of the Greeks and Hector of the Trojans carry the title of greatest warrior for their perspective armies, both men are an inspiration for their countrymen in this battle. Each man shows us their strengths and weaknesses, which we will use as points of comparison and contrast between the two heroic men....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Homer]

Free Essays
800 words (2.3 pages)

Related Searches

extremely difficult for Aneas, and he delayed leaving her as long as

possible. Aneas laments, "If  the Fates /  Allowed me the life I would

choose to live for myself...  it is not /  Of my own free will I must seek

Italy" (Virgil 84). Aneas had suffered greatly at sea and lost many men, he

did not long to sail again. Aneas did not want a war to erupt between

Trojan and Latins, but he knew that nothing could keep him from

establishing Latium where the gods had prophesied. Both Aneas and Turnus

are spurred on to action by visions. In the underworld, Aneas is goaded

by the image of his father:


            "'Father, it was you--

            Your grief-engendering spirit time and again

            Appeared to me and constrained me to make my way

            To the edge of this world'" (Virgil 139).


Turnus' hatred for Aneas, inspired by the goddess Allecto, was the only

stimulation that Turnus required.



            Will you stand by and see so much of your effort wasted?

            And what is yours transferred to Trojan settlers?

            The king is refusing to give you your bride, or the dowry

            Won with you blood, and a stranger is being imported

            To inherit the throne! Go on expose yourself

            To unmerited dangers! Be mocked!" (Virgil 158).


Consequently, Turnus leads the war against the newcomers blindly and filled

with rage. Turnus fails to surrender or make an agreement even when all is

on the virge of destruction, because he was not fighting for his patria--he

was fighting for his pride.


      Destiny best distinguishes the outcome of the lives of Aneas and

Turnus. Turnus simply lacks the heavenly sanction that Aneas possesses.

Since the battle at Troy in the Iliad, when Aneas was rescued from death by

a goddess, the divine purpose of Aneas was being secured.  Aneas is made

aware and reminded of his purpose by Mercury:


            "What are you doing? ...

            If no ambition spurs you, nor desire

            To see yourself renowned for your own deeds--

            What of Ascanius, earnest of your line?

            The realm of Italy the Roman inheritance

            His due" (Virgil 82).


Aneas' armor, constructed by the god of craftsman, is both exquisite and

exceedingly resistant. Turnus also had divine support form Juno, but Juno

could not over step her boundaries--namely, Zeus' will. Juno was forced to

relinquish control of Turnus' fate, and it was then when  Aneas was able to

murder Turnus in battle.


            "I (Juno) am sick and afraid

            Of your ruthless bidding. Oh, but if there were

            That influence in my love which once there was,

            And it is right there should be still, All-Powerful,

            You would not have denied me this at least--

            The power to extricate Turnus form the battle...

            As it is, let him perish. Let him give

            His sinless blood to slake the Trojan vengeance" (Virgil



Although it may seem as though Turnus' temperament was his downfall,

Turnus' only fault was that he was not destined to conquer Aneas. In

addition, it  was not the fault of Turnus that he fought so violently and

primal, because the goddess Allecto planted the seeds of hatred and

violence in him. Cosecuently, it was not the fault of Turnus that he was

blinded by rage, and did not seek any methods for peace.


      As the story progresses, The jugs of Zeus seem to empty themselves

into each other. At the beginning of the epic, Aneas had suffered greatly

at the hands of mother earth (9-10).The death of Entices in book three,

also affected Aneas greatly. Depicted as a wonderer and a refugee, Aneas

landed on the shores of Carthage without anything but his reputation.

Aneas' suffering continued when he was forced to leave Dido, reminiscent of

the time when Aneas left his family.  Meanwhile, Turnus, the prince of the

Rutilians, was at the top of the hierarchy of Rome; he was greatly

respected by his subjects.  However, "sinister signs from heaven stood in

the way" (Virgil 147). Once Aneas settled on the lands of Latium, and

Allecto instilled the violencia inside Turnus, Turnus' luck embarked on a

downward spiral. The plummet does not end until Turnus is dead at the hands

of Aneas. The triumphant Aneas stands over the fallen, tragic Turnus.


      In a world where conformity was rewarded, and free will was

abolished, the devout Aneas sacrificed his mind and heart for the gods;

leaving true love and true understanding behind in Carthage. As a result,

an empire was erected for the "ruthless" gods.


Works Cited and Consulted:

Camps, W. A. An Introduction to Homer. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980.

Goodrich, Norma. Myths of the hero. New York: Orion Press, 1962.

Harrison, S. J. Vergil, Aeneid. With Introduction, Translation, and Commentary. Oxford. 1991.

Homer: Iliad. Trans. Stanley Lombardo. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co., 1994.

MacKay, L. "Hero and Theme in the Aeneid." TAPA 94 (1963) 157-166.

Return to 123HelpMe.com