The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering

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The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering The purpose of this coursework is to discuss the pro's and con's of genetic engineering. I have chosen to present my work by discussing the religious arguments in favour and against genetic engineering, designer babies, should parents have the right to choose their child's looks, sex and intelligence levels. I shall also be looking at the moral and ethical issues surrounding genetic engineering. ====================================================================== What is Genetic Engineering? The principle of genetic technology relies on isolating a gene from one organism (donor) and putting it into another (the recipient) of a different species,this principle can be applied to plants, animals, mammals etc But why should you want to do this in the first place? Genetic Engineering is quite a new science which is a rapidly expanding and developing technology, it has the potential for many useful developments in the fields of medicine, agriculture, industry and conservation, however balanced with this it has the potential to produce catastrophic problems. Another term that is associated with genetic engineering is cloning, this means using genetic engineering techniques to produce genetically identical organisms. Up until now genetic engineering and cloning has been used to clone plants, unicellular organisms, amphibians and simple mammals. This has led to significant advances in agriculture, industry, and medicine. Newer techniques in genetic engineering have enabled scientists to clone more complex mammals and opened up the possibility of cloning humans. Although there are many potential benefits to this technology, the prospect of cloning humans has raised many practical, ethical and religious dilemmas that are currently being debated by society. The purposes of doing genetic engineering are many and various. Ranges of them are listed below. To repair a genetic "defect" (as with the current early trials of gene therapy in humans), to enhance an effect already natural to that organism (e.g. to increase its growth rate), to increase resistance to disease or external damage (e.g. crops - blight, cold or drought), e.
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