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Cosmology is the word given to the study of the origin and structure
of the universe.
The Christian cosmology according to the first two chapters of the
book of Genesis in the Bible says that God created the whole universe
in six days and rested on the seventh.
The account says that God created the world form ex nihilo (from
“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Genesis 1:1)
This quote from the Bible means that God created the heavens and the
earth on the first day. God also created on the first day, light and
dark. God acknowledged this as beneficial and so God separated light
from dark to create night and day.
‘God saw that the light was good, and God brought about a division
between the light and the darkness. And God began calling the light
Day’ (Genesis 1:3-5)
On the second day God separated the earth from the sky.
‘And God went on to say: “Let an expanse come to be in between the
waters and let a dividing occur between the waters and the water.’
Consequently, on the third day God created dry land, plants and
‘And God began calling the dry land Earth, but the bringing together
of the waters he called seas. Further God saw that it was Good. And
God went on to say: “Let the Earth cause grass to shoot forth,
vegetation bearing seed, fruit trees yielding fruit according to their
kinds, the seed of which is in it, upon the earth.” And it came to be
so. (Genesis 1: 9-13)
On the fourth day God created the sun, moon and stars.
‘And God went on to say: “Let luminaries come to be in the expanse of
the heavens to make the division between the day and the night; and
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On the fifth day God created the fish and the birds.
‘And God went on to say: “Let the waters swarm forth a swarm of living
souls and let flying creatures fly over the earth upon the face of the
expanse of the heavens.”
(Genesis 1: 20-23)
On the sixth day God created animals and birds and humans and also on
the seventh day according to the book of Genesis, God rested.
‘And God went on to say: “Let the earth put forth living souls
according to their kind, domestic and moving animal and wild beast of
the earth according to their kind”. And it came to be so.’ (Genesis
Humans were made at the same time and were made in the image of God:
“So God created man in his own image; in the image of God he created
him; male and female he created them.’ (Genesis 1:27).
Human were also made to have authority over the world: ‘Let us make
man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of
the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the
earth’ (Genesis 1:26).
In the Christian cosmology, each part of the creation came about
because of Gods words: ‘God said, “Let there be light,” and there was
light’ (Genesis 1:3)
When God had finished his creation, it was prefect: ‘God saw all that
he had made and it was very good’ (Genesis 1:31).
The fact that creation is seen as good by God and that God creates by
speaking, influences both the way that Christians view the world and
the way that they view God.