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One of the most well known plays ever to be written was ‘Romeo and
Juliet’. William Shakespeare’s play originated from the poem, by
Aurther Brooke, ‘The Tragicall Historye Of Romeus And Juliet’ which
was published in 1562. This play, by Shakespeare, was first performed
at the Globe theatre. This was at the time of the Renaissance, this is
very important because people started to disbelieve in God and believe
the scientific way of how the world was made.
In the build up to act one scene five Romeo has lost the love of his
life, Rosaline, therefore is very upset. Lord Capulet is very
persistent in getting his daughter, Juliet, to marry Paris. Meanwhile
cousins of the families have a sword fight. This is important because
this is the first time the audience see that the two families don’t
like each other.
Shakespeare creates a variety of dramatic moods in Romeo and Juliet by
making the characters express their mood changes, in the play, the
audience can clearly see now a dramatic mood is created by the
characters behaviour towards each other.
From having sudden mood changes within different characters it makes
it more obvious to the audience how the characters are feeling.
Shakespeare involves the audience by ‘dramatic irony’ where tension is
created and the audience know more than the actors do.
“If he be married, my grave is my wedding bed”
Act one Scene five, lines 135.
This is dramatic irony because Juliet ends up dying in her wedding
At the beginning of Act one Scene five, when the servants are
preparing for the party, there is a hectic mood as you can tell from
the their punctuation and speech.
“Where’s potman, than he not help take away? He’s shirt a trencher? He
scrape a trencher?”
Act one Scene five, lines 1-2.
They ask lots of questions show they are rushing and worried about not
getting the party perfect.
How to Cite this Page
"How Shakespeare Creates a Variety of Dramatic Moods in Act 1 Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Mar 2019
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The only way the characters know what to do is by fellow actors
instructing them in their speech.
“Come musicians, play!”
Act one Scene five, lines 24-25.
Consequently, characters give each other stage direction in what they
say so they know what to do and where to go. These are called
imperative verbs they make someone do something.
“Go ask his name”
Act one Scene five, line 134.
Lord Capulet is very excited that his party is finally happening as
you can see from him welcoming his guests happily.
“Welcome, gentlemen, ladies that have their toes unplagued with corns
will walk about with you, Ah ha! My mistresses! Which of you all will
deny to dance? She that makes dainty, she ill swear, hath corns? Am I
come near ye now?”
Act one Scene five, lines 15-20.
Therefore, here, he creates a warm, happy feeling amongst family and
guests. His family can relax and feel at ease, because they know Lord
Capulet is happy, and the audience know everything is cheerful again.
However, before, when Lord Capulet was speaking to Paris, about
marrying Juliet, he was very persistent in asking Paris to wait a few
years before he asks his beautiful daughter to marry him. This tells
us that Lord Capulet changes his mood a lot; from being cheery at the
beginning to worried and giving advise to Paris.
Meanwhile Romeo arrives at the party, having to wear a mask for
disguise, is walking around getting drinks and talking to people when
he glances at Juliet.
Romeo then refers, lines 44-48, to how beautiful Juliet is, he says:
“As a rich jewel in an ethiops ear”
Act one Scene five, lines 44-48.
This means that she is the purest jewel in a black mans ear. Here
Shakespeare uses a simile, to make Juliet seem like something special
and unusual. He makes her out to be a gorgeous lady.
Romeo talks about Juliet a lot and uses lots of ‘o’ sounds:
“So shows a snowy dove trooping with crows”
Act one Scene five, line 49.
This is to make his words soft and gentle, like his image of Juliet.
Romeo falls in love with Juliet at lines 49-52. This is very
unexpected because he has been heartbroken by Rosaline and was
constantly thinking about her. So when Romeo sees Juliet he completely
forgets about Rosaline and is love struck, this creates a romantic
mood. However the audience cant help feeling slightly confused by
Romeo’s behaviour seeing as he has been depressed about loosing
Rosaline all day and there is a dramatic change in his mood of love
As the audience see earlier in the play, Tybalt is a very angry
character. The first time he is seen in act one scene five he enters
to tell Lord Capulet that there is a Montague at the party, he creates
a lot of tension because so far at the party everyone is relaxed and
having fun. As a result Shakespeare creates tension by a sudden change
of atmosphere. Tybalt enters a happy atmospheric room but is very mad,
having the two opposite moods next to each other shows the change more
dramatically. The audience doesn’t expect this change because so far
it has been very peaceful and calm so they expect him to react in the
“This, by his voice should be a Montague. Fetch me a rapier, boy. What
dares the slave”?
Act one Scene five, lines 55-57.
As you can see, Tybalt is ready to fight and questions Lord Capulet to
how Romeo dare come to his enemy’s party.
The real aggression shown by Tybalt is in lines 53-58. However Tybalt
isn’t the only character that gets aggressive; Lord Capulet also gets
aggressive, towards Tybalt. This is because Lord Capulet doesn’t want
his party, that is going so well, to be ruined. Not long into their
conversation, Lord Capulet starts to get verbally aggressive towards
Tybalt because Tybalt doesn’t want Romeo to be there. However Lord
Capulet doesn’t want any fuss at his party, as he is having such a
great time. He wants this event to happen again and the people of
Verona like Romeo, Capulet wants him to like him a lot as well. If he
were to get hurt by Tybalt they would not like him anymore and not
attend his parties. Tybalt is a very strong character and doesn’t
abide by the rules so when Lord Capulet says:
“Show a fair presence and put off these frowns”
Act one Scene five, line 74.
Meaning, behave well and stop being sad, Lord Capulet knows Tybalt
won’t behave well as he knows his personality and that he truly hates
When Lord Capulet says:
“I’ll make you quiet!”
Act one Scene five, line 89.
He means I’ll hit you, in a threatening tone, to stop you from
fighting. The audience can tell this is in a threatening tone because
it is then followed by a cheery conversation with the dancers.
Compared to Lord Capulet’s behaviour at the beginning of the party it
is very different to now. At this point the mood is very definite in a
way that the audience can see that Lord Capulet is mad.
Capulet uses lots of expression in what he says:
“Am I the master here? Or you? Go to! You’ll not endure him”
Act one Scene five, lines 79-80.
This shows that he is getting worked up about Tybalt and is going to
stick by what he says; Tybalt will be good.
Capulet also uses insults towards Tybalt:
“What, Goodman boy?”
Act one Scene five, line 88.
This is to make Tybalt feel small and show Lord Capulet have more
power, by insulting him Tybalt feels more vulnerable and abide by his
Lord Capulet and Tybalt have an angry conversation in lines 88-91. one
can see this by the punctuation used and the short sentences with
pauses in between, this makes the audience want to know what’s
“You are a saucy boy. Is’t to indeed?”
Act one Scene five, line 84.
These short sentences make Lord Capulet seem abrupt and angry.
When Romeo and Juliet meet, for the first time, they recite a sonnet,
a traditional 14-line poem about love with three quatrains and one
rhyming couplet. This is important because the audience would
recognise it because it was popular in the 1500’s. Romeo is instantly
amazed by Juliet’s beauty and the audience can tell this by the fact
that they are reciting a sonnet and talking about their kisses.
“O then, dear saint, let lips do what hands do”
Act one Scene five, line 104.
This means let our lips touch like saints hands do. This is important
because it shows the audience that they like each other a lot.
Romeo thinks that Juliet is the most beautiful creature to be on
earth, that’s why he compares her to a holy shrine and that she’s
God’s gift. He makes her sound like he has never seen anything so
“My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand”
Act one Scene five, line 96.
This means, his lips are pilgrims that are ready to go to Juliet, a
shrine. Comparing Juliet to a shrine makes her sound very special
because this play was produced in the 1500’s when Henry the 8th
demolished churches so there would be of been no shrines therefore
he’s saying she’s unique. As it takes a whole sonnet to build up to
the kiss, when they finally do kiss, which is Shakespeare’s stage
direction and physical display of love, it is expected but Juliet
conceals her feelings so the audience don’t feel that’s its too
obvious on what’s going to happen next. The audience, therefore, are
very happy that this relationship has happened and, as a result of
this, think they’ll be a brilliant couple. Therefore the mood is very
romantic and the audience feel happy.
Then the nurse interrupts, them kissing;
“Your mother craves a word with you”
Act one Scene five, line 113.
The audience get brought back to reality and remember that Romeo and
Juliet are Capulet’s and Montague’s. You instantly remember about
Paris and how he is to marry Juliet, who brings us back down to earth
and the audience feel disappointed for the couple.
Romeo finds out that Juliet is a Capulet, his family’s enemies, in
lines 116-117. However he has already fallen in love with Juliet and
doesn’t care about the fact that his family won’t be happy with him.
All he cares about is Juliet.
“O dear account! My life is my foe’s debt”
Act one Scene five, line 119.
This is an example of dramatic irony we know this because the audience
see the prologue at the beginning, Romeo does pay the ultimate debt
and that is his life.
He already knows that Tybalt wants to kill him and if he had a
relationship with Juliet then his life would be in the hands of the
Capulet family. He now knows that he is going to be in the wrong but
his love for Juliet is too strong and cannot deny it.
Juliet is curious about Romeo, and wants to find out more, but she
doesn’t want to make it obvious, therefore she also asks questions
about other people to disguise her passion for Romeo.
“Come hither, nurse. What is the name is yond gentleman?”
Act one Scene five, line 129.
“What’s he that now is going out the door?”
Act one Scene five, line 131.
As you can see here, she is trying to distract the nurse’s attention
from asking about Romeo. The final mood is that Juliet has found the
love of her life and no he is walking away from the party but she is
very curious to find out more about him. She feels lonely but at the
same time wants to get to know Romeo better.
“My grave is like to be my wedding bed”
Act one Scene five, line 136.
This is dramatic irony because she does die in a church when she is
pretending to be dead but does die because Romeo sacrifices his life
for her. At this point the audience feel sad because they know she
ends up dying there.
Overall, Shakespeare has created lots of different type of dramatic
moods ranging from; happiness, anger, sadness, lust, loneliness and
love. Shakespeare has created this from dong one extreme of atmosphere
to another. As you can see from the happiness in Lord Capulet and then
the pure anger in Tybalt a large proportion of dramatic moods is
Within the language used, Shakespeare uses a lot of punctuation to
make it more obvious of how the characters are feeling. The characters
are gradually developed so that you see more and more of them until
you finally see the whole side of them. A perfect example of this
behaviour is seen in Lord Capulet; he is happy at the beginning of the
party and is having great pleasure however when he gets in the
aggressive conversation with Tybalt you see how he really is. The
dramatic irony includes the audience because they already know what is
happening even before the characters do.