Essay PreviewMore ↓
When Alexander the second came to power in 1855, he inherited many of
the problems that augmented from his previous predecessor, Nicholas
the first. This led the tsar to undertake a series of great reforms,
which gave him the charming title of “Liberator”. However, were his
motives clearly to bring change and a better Russia or were there
other motives? Did he expect something in return? After all, for the
sake of autocracy he couldn’t just welcome liberation with arm wide
open, but rather with a wary handshake.
Perhaps the most significant reform was the emancipation of the serfs.
This sought to update the structure of the current serf system and in
turn reverse the fortunes of the failing nobility. As the peasants
made up 80% of Russia it thought to be wise to improve their situation
and as a result this would strengthen Russia as a whole. However, the
results of the emancipation of the serfs did not match its propose.
Peasants actually ended up with around 1/5 less land than before as
they now had to pay for it. They now had to pay direct taxes and land
was never really theirs to privately own. The nobles felt disgruntled
at having to give up 1/3 of their land. Alexander the second didn’t
really get any gratitude from the serfs and lost respects of the
nobility. This level of resentment did not, nevertheless, create a
strong challenge to the autocracy because of the largely uneducated
peasantry. Unrest would die down subsequently in the countryside.
Alexander the second did not fail entirely though. Nobles were
compensated with political power for the reduction of their land. One
must also consider the awful conditions already at the countryside
before reform. The tsar at least made an effort to combat the out-
The tsar also tried to reform the local politics and the economy. The
zenistra (local council) would govern over many issues such as
education. Despite early fast establishments of the council, by 1917
only 43 of the 70 provinces of Russia were converted.
How to Cite this Page
"Alexander II as Tsar Liberator." 123HelpMe.com. 27 Feb 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Alexander the Second and the Title Tsar Liberator In the 19th Century, Russia had no zemstva, very little education, industry and railway building, a biased judicial system and very few freed peasants. Czar Alexander II, who succeeded Nicolas I in 1855, went some ways to remedying these deficiencies through a series of reforms. Alexander II became the great modernizer of Russia, walking a delicate line between preserving Russia's Slavic identity and enabling its people to benefit from Western advancements.... [tags: Papers]
816 words (2.3 pages)
- Alexander II's Title as Tsar Liberator Amid the Crimean Warå…‹é‡Œç±³äºžæˆ°çˆ of 1854-56, Alexander IIé˜¿æ·å±±å¤§äºŒä¸– succeededç¹¼ä½ to the throneçš‡ä½ of the Romanov Dynastyç¾…æ›¼è«¾å¤«çš‡æœ of Czarist Russia. Russia was finally defeated. He saw hopes of Russia's recovery in reforms. During his reignåœ¨ä½æœŸé–“ in 1855-81, Alexander II carried out a broad reform programme, covering the Emancipation of Serfsè§£æ”¾è¾²å¥´, establishment of zemstvaåœ°æ–¹è°æœƒ, judicialå¸æ³•, educational, economic and military reforms as well as relaxationæ”¾å¯¬ of press censorshipå ±åˆŠæª¢æŸ¥.... [tags: Papers]
1146 words (3.3 pages)
- Tsar Alexander III's Reign The reign of Tsar Alexander II was one that demonstrated a great change in action, attitude and policy to that of his father, Tsar Alexander II, 'The Tsar Liberator.' Historians have long labelled Tsar Alexander II as a Liberal, reforming ruler and his son as a reactionary, oppressive heir to his legacy. Hingley argues that his thirteen years of reign were spent '...systematically destroying all of his father's work. The choice facing Tsar Alexander III when he ascended to the throne was a difficult one.... [tags: Papers]
2161 words (6.2 pages)
- Describing Tsar King Alexander II's Time in Power To a certain extent, Tsar King Alexander II was a false liberator, however from closer examination, it is not clear cut and there are strong arguments to suggest the contrary. The reasons for the view that Alexander was a false liberator are that firstly, the Crimean war saw Britain, France and Turkey dealt an unexpected and resounding defeat to Russia, who until then was regarded as a superpower. This therefore made change and reform inevitable.... [tags: Papers]
1151 words (3.3 pages)
How successful was Alexander II’s Edict on Emancipation of the Serfs in modernizing Russia in the years 1861-1881?
- Alexander II was the Tsar Liberator who, despite unflattering characterization by his contemporaries, undertook one of the biggest reforms in Russian history: the liberation of the serfs. Yet despite such a necessary and seemingly humanitarian reform, his life was abruptly finished by a successful terrorist attack following no fewer than ten unsuccessful ones. The main challenge Alexander II faced in his projects towards modernization of Russia was a compromise between advancing his state thorough improving the lives of his subjects, without falling prey to the demand for further reforms he would be unable to satisfy.... [tags: Russian history, liberation, Tsar, autocracy]
3275 words (9.4 pages)
- ... Today it stands as a picturesque silhouette, bright multicolored decorations and forms of their Old Russian is a sharp and unexpected contrast surrounding classic architecture. The Tabernacle Church rises to a height of 265 feet tall. It accommodates 1,600 people. This temple is the representation of the pre-Petrine church architecture of Moscow Russia on the Neva River. Church of the Resurrection is in the purely Russian style" built under the project Parland Alfred, who used many compositional techniques and forms of churches in Moscow and Yaroslavl XVII century.... [tags: russian mosaic art, t sar-liberator]
914 words (2.6 pages)
- Alexander I of Russia ruled as Tsar from 1802 to his death in 1825. In this time he did a lot for Russia as country and for the administration. With ever ruler there is usually one major failure that comes to mind; George W. Bush’s post September eleventh policy, or Winston Churchill’s Gallipoli campaign. For Alexander, his greatest failure is the Holy Alliance. The Holy Alliance was a partnership of Russia, Austria and Prussia created in 1815 by Alexander. Its main goal was to instill the Christian values of charity and peace in European political life.... [tags: World History ]
2314 words (6.6 pages)
- Through the ages, historians have praised the reign of Alexander III of Macedonia, more popularly known as Alexander the Great. In his short years of reign as king of Macedonia, Alexander the great conquered a vast majority of territory garnering him as one of the most powerful kings of his time. Alexander the great was an intellectual man who used his knowledge to expand his kingdom. Through his military conquests of Asia, Persia, Egypt, and other nations, the Macedonian empire flourished. In addition to that, in Alexander’s reign he established the Hellenistic period which single-handed changed the nature of the ancient world.... [tags: Alexander the Great, Achaemenid Empire, Greeks]
1044 words (3 pages)
- Alexander the Great was a born around 356 B.C. He was the child of his mother Princess Olympias, and his father King Philip. As a young boy his mother and father began to shape him into being the great leader in which he became. At the age of 14 he was a Macedonian warrior, at the age of 18 he was the ambassador, and at the age of 20 he became King. He became fearless, smart, and very powerful as he conquered different kingdoms throughout his life time. Many people say his intelligence came from his mother Princess Olympias and his mentor Aristotle.... [tags: Alexander the Great, Ancient Greece, Pakistan]
836 words (2.4 pages)
- The More Autocratic Tsar out of Alexander III and Nicholas II Pobedonostsev, who instilled in them strong beliefs in autocracy and nationalism, which were reflected throughout their reign, tutored both Tsars'. When comparing the two Tsars', the impact on the political and social system is significant and hints at which Tsar was more autocratic. Alexander and Nicholas were both autocratic politically, but Alexander was keener to uphold Autocracy. This involved setting up the Okhrana, as well as tightening censorship laws.... [tags: Papers]
548 words (1.6 pages)
- Betrayal of the Labour by Ramsay MacDonald in 1931
- Analysis of Jaws
- Hitler's Aims and Actions as the Cause of World War II
- Genre and Narrative in Oceans 11 and The Bone Collector
- A Comparison of Two Advertisements
- Investigating the Effect of Sucrose Concentration on the Conversion into Glucose and Fructose by Invertase
(created in 1870), cabinet, the zenistra proved to be quite useful
with 15,000 extra schools being introduced by 1880. In addition, the
interest in local politics grew as forums and discussions within
assemblies grew to be frequent occasions.
A start was also made on improving the logistical side by building
railways. The treasury and an excise duty were passed as reforms in
1862and 1863 respectively. It seemed that despite the failure of
emancipation Alexander was recovering with some modernization on some
Other reforms brought mixed reactions. A consequence of emancipation
was that peasants were granted legal status. Nevertheless, they were
still subjected to traditional laws and regulations. The military
reforms of 1874 meant that men would have to serve at least six years
in the forces and be on reserve for an additional nine. These were
unpopular as men were the providers for their families, so their
families would also suffer because of their absence.
It may be unfair to name Alexander the second as a selfish
Machiavellian, as he did not have perhaps, the mental capacity. His
reforms seemed not to be measured but were reflections of his
personality, because of their blatant inconsistency. The tsar could be
seen in some context as a liberator, simply for attempting to develop
an undeveloped, traditional ruling philosophy.
As the lonesome ruler over Russia the tsars had to control and decide
its fate. Emancipation was at least given priority, which had been
demoted for many years. It may not have been the ideal end result,
especially for the peasantry, but it had reversed old age policies.
Liberation may have been instilled with some importance and
credibility, but above all else, autocracy had to be upheld.