Gaining Justice and Equality

Gaining Justice and Equality

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Gaining Justice and Equality

Camillo Torres was a Roman Catholic priest and proffesor of sociology
in Columbia. Columbia has many problems and torres' study of social
conditions convinced him of the problems. He resolved that they
cannot be solved except by a revolution to sweep the ruling parties
out of power and replace them by a socialist government.

Camillo Torres belived that only violence could solve the problems and
so, because of his active involvement in politics, he was forced to
leave the priesthood. And so he formed the United Front of the
Columbian People. Its goal was to bring about a peaceful change, but
this was difficult to achieve. During the 1950's nearly a quater of a
million people died in the civil was 'La Violencia'. Torres used
violence in his fight against. The government was so ruthless and
oppressive that Camillos Torres decided the only way to bring about a
revolution was to use force.

Martin Luther King was a christian. He became a doctor of theology
and in 1954 a baptist minister in Montgomery, Alabama.

He believed in non-violence, and peaceful forms of protest. Not all
black people agreed with him. He organised the 'bus boycott' where
every black person refused to ride on the buses because the were
segregated and made to sit at the back. The boycott was successful
because black people were the principle users of the buses because
most white people had cars. The bus companies lost lots of money and
in the end the segregation on the buses was abolished. They had
succeeded. In 1968 a white man named James Earl Ray shot Martin
Luther King dead in Memphis, Tennesse. The world was stunned. His
wife wrote in a letter "The killers of his dream could end his mortal
life but all the bullets in the all the arsenals of the world cannot
affect his death".

Camillos Torres believed that if we stand by and do nothing then we

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infact are evil, and guilty of doing wrong to the people. The use of
force was a last resort for Torres and as a Christian he had to do
something. If you hate evil you have to fight it. "A Catholic who
isn't a revolutionary is living in mortal sin" this means if your not
trying to overthrow the corrupted government then you are a mortal
sinner.

Jesus used righteous anger, in the temple when he turned over the
table. And also there is the 'Just War Theory', where there are such
cases when a war can be justified. Some might say that Jesus' death
on the cross was and act of violence on his behalf, he allowed it to
happen. Does that make it justified?

Martin Luther King used a peaceful protest to gain justice and
equality. His tactics were very strong ones. He used the 'Bus
Boycott' to cripple the bus companies. The vast majority of bus users
were black, because they had lower paid jobs and standard of living
also they were made to live outside of the towns in Ghetto's and
slums. However their jobs were mainly in the cities and so the bus
companies would get their main trade from the black population. When
black people refused to use the buses unless the injustice stopped,
their profits plumetted and so eventually after 2 years of walking
miles to work everyday the black people received desegregation on the
buses. This movement became the 'Civil Rights Movement' and in 1960
Martin Luther King became its leader. Some of his arguements against
using violence were things like 'blessed be the peacemaker'. In the
garden of Gethsemane when someone cut off the ear of the servant of
high priest Mark 14:47 then Jesus healed the man and said "he who
lives by the sword dies by the sword" Matthew 5:7 where it says "If
you are slapped by a man show him the other cheek" this means: do not
raise to a person's bait and don't lower yourself to their level.
Also the commandment says "Thou shallt not kill"
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