Misery, by Stephen King - Annie Wilkes

Misery, by Stephen King - Annie Wilkes

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Misery, by Stephen King - Annie Wilkes

What does it take to frighten an author of best-selling horror novels?  In Misery, Stephen King embodies a writer's fears about himself as a writer and about the continuation of his creativity in a richly elaborated and horrifi-cally psychotic woman, Annie Wilkes.  In the novel, Annie represents a mother figure, a goddess, and a "constant reader".  In reality, however, An-nie merely represents a creative part of King's mind.

Annie Wilkes is a proud mother of two children--a historical-romance novelist, Paul Sheldon, and his extremely popular heroine Misery Chastain.  Annie must nurse and educate Paul.  Gottschalk elaborates, "Annie views Paul in a madly maternal way.  Early in her custody of Paul, she brings him pills for his excruciating pain, but he must suck them off her fingers in a grotesque parody of a nursing child" (125).  If she leaves him untended too long, Paul wets his bed, and she must change his sheets and clothes. When he is tired or frustrated, he weeps like a small child.  Annie ensures his childlike dependence on her and an ""expression of maternal love" (King 159) with his addiction to pain killing-drugs.  Annie's disciplinary actions contribute to her mother figure, also.  Gottschalk writes, "When he has been bad, she disciplines him but in motherly fashion often comforts him while doing so" (127).  Annie punishes Sheldon's attempts to get free by ampu-tating his foot and thumb with an ax, "exercising editorial authority over his body" (King 264).  Annie acts as a virginal and protective mother of the vir-gin Misery,  "Annie prevents Paul from letting Misery Chastain die in child-birth.  She must live and a novel must be born" (Gottschalk 126).  Annie nurtures Misery's return as well, "Nothing will interfere with [Misery's] safety or the birth of the book she is nurturing" (Gottschalk 127).  There are no doubts as to the significance of Annie's maternal image in the novel.

Behind Annie's destructiveness lies a goddess figure--a goddess in charge of Paul's, as well as Misery's, life.  Paul is at the mercy of Annie.  He makes it through the days, but only in a complete fear of being murdered by Annie.  Gottschalk illustrates Annie's powerful grip over Paul, "Annie 'raped' Paul back into life, and she will hunt him down if he tries to escape" (127).  King compares Annie's powerful figure to a giant furnace,
"That's what it would look like…If you built a furnace inside the mouth of one of those idols in the H.

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Rider Haggard stories.  That is what it would look like at night" (153).  Annie is a protective goddess of Misery Chastain.  By saving Paul's life, she saves the life of Misery.  Annie knows that upon completion of Misery's return, she and Sheldon must die.  Therefore, bring-ing about Misery's return is her main objective.  In order to eliminate any distractions, Annie fashions a self-enclosed world within the confines of her home.  Magistrale writes, "Annie is a kind of psychic vampire; she sucks out Paul's inspiration and creativity in order to fashion a self-enclosed world" (127).  As the goddess of this imaginary world, Annie must limit Paul's physical, as well as mental, recuperation so that her authority is not chal-lenged, "Annie destroys his independent life, and plunges him back into an-cient darkness (Badley 176).  To put it shortly, Annie's dark goddess figure helps her retain control in her self-enclosed world.

 Annie represents a constant reader.  Annie and her obsession with Sheldon's romance novels reflect the demands of an expectant audience.  As Badley writes, "Sheldon's writing is like Annie's reading-an addiction, linked with the pain-killing drugs she alternately offers and withholds" (Badley 178).  Annie, therefore, is a direct result of Paul's success in at-tracting and addicting readers.  In fact, Annie comes to embody all that Sheldon's heroine Misery's name suggests.  Annie must also be recognized as, "the disparaging remarks of academic critics and reviewers-that seek to confine the art of Sheldon…into reductive and therefore safe categories" (Magistrale 126).  Annie dictates the course of Sheldon's newest book.  Anything less than perfect receives harsh criticism at the least.  Badley re-flects Annie's representation as an audience, "the novel is about being cut to fit fan expectations" (Badley 175).  Sheldon receives direct feedback from his 'readers' and is therefore able to produce his best Misery novel, ever.  Annie's destructiveness takes 'constructive criticism' to a whole new meaning.  In the long run, Sheldon needs the terrible Annie more than he de-feats her. However, one question remains: If Annie is an image of King's readership, "How do you think he feels about his readers?"

Misery is about the powerful hold fiction can achieve over the reader, as personified in Annie Wilkes.  Annie comes to embody a mother, goddess, and audience image in the novel.  Whatever the circumstance, Annie's crea-tive force will live on.  Her death will never be a reality, any more than Mis-ery Chastain's death is a reality.

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