The Causes of the First World War

The Causes of the First World War

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The Causes of the First World War

The First World War was fought between 1914 and 1918. People called
the war Great War because that is the First war they ever seen. There
are lots of country involved the main powers are Germany, Austria -
Hungary, Britain, France and Russia.

In this essay I am going to discuss about long term and short term
causes and how they linked to the Great War.

An event such as a war may have many complicated causes, but it often
needs what historians call a "trigger" to set it off. Most people
agree that that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the
trigger that set off the Great War. Franz Ferdinand was the heir to
the throne of Austria-Hungary. He was assassinated on 28 June 1914 by
terrorists from one of Austria-Hungary's rival powers, Serbia.

After the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Austria-Hungary blamed
Serbia for their deaths - even though the terrorist was not connected
to the Serbian government. A month later, on 31 July 1914,
Austria-Hungary went one step further and declared war on Serbia. At
this point it still seemed that the war would not spread, but ... A
number of alliances existed between the countries of Europe. Russia
supported Serbiaand was drawn into the quarrel. Russia mobilised its
army ready to help the Serbs against Austria-Hungary.

Everyone knew that if Russia did attack Austria-Hungary then the
alliance system meant that Germany and France could be pulled into the
war as well. The alliance system did not mean that a world war had to
happen. Some say that it could still have been avoided - especially if
Britain could have made Germany hold back from helping
Austria-Hungary. Germany decided to go ahead and help Austria-Hungary.
She declared war on Russia (1 August) and on France (3 August). The
German army prepared to attack France through Belgium just as General
Stiffen had planned.

The Germans wanted the British government to ignore the Treaty of
London, to let the German army pass through Belgium and so keep

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Britain out of the war. Later that same day, 4 August 1914, Germany
attacked France through Belgium. Within hours, Britain declared war on
Germany, which had now broken the Treaty of London. The Kaiser said
how foolish he thought the British were.

The short term causes are the Germany's invasion of neutral Belgium,
the behaviour of Austria towards Serbia after the assassination Franz
Ferdinand and the assassination in Sarajevo of Archduke Franz
Ferdinand.

The long term causes are the alliance system, suspicion between the
main powers, Germany's desire to dominate Europe, the size of the
British Empire and Germany's fear of being surrounded by Franceand
Russia.

The long term causes links are the Alliance system then Germany's
desire to dominate Europe then France's for revenge after Germany took
Alsace and Lorraine in 1871 then Germany's fear of being surrounded by
France and Russia, all this are linked because if Germany did not said
that Germany they dominate Europe and every countries not happy with
that because they thing they dominate Europe and because they took
Alsace and Lorraine in 1871 so France thought they can take the
revenge on Germany fear because France and Russia are surrounded, this
caused the first world war.

The short term causes linked are the assassination in Sarajevo of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand then the behaviour of towards Serbia after
the assassination Franz Ferdinand then Austria's rivalry with Russia
over Serbia and Balkans, all this are linked because Serbia did not
assassination Franz Ferdinand Austria's won't fight with Serbia then
Russia won't fight with Austria - Hungary, this caused the first world
war.

I think the most important causes are the suspicion between the main
powers because Germany thinks they got the most powers and British
thinks they got the most powers, so as all countries, this made the
war because all the countries thinks they got more powers so they want
to show they powers so they started a war. The causes is the short
term causes because they assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand this
linked war between Austria - Hungary and Serbia, Serbia apart of
Russia, so it Austria - Hungary and Russia, if it is Austria - Hungary
that means France so this between France and Russia, if it is Russia
that means Britain and France then France's head Germany, so it is
between Britain and Germany, this is how the short term caused and
that made the Great War.
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