The Netherlands' Poltical System

The Netherlands' Poltical System

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The Netherlands' Poltical System


The nature of the political system of the Netherlands is particularly interesting. Due to the fact that its system was particularly affected by World war II. The Netherlands suffered a brutal invasion by the Germans, during World War II. The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I but suffered a brutal invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The government of the Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy.
The Netherlands governance is based on a multi-party system. Some of the main political party systems are De Groenen, De Nimeegse Groenen, Natuurwetpartij Nederland-Dutch Natural Law Party, Partij van de Arbeid, PvdA afdeling Enschede, Socialistische Partij.
For Example De Groenen is the ecologists political party in the Netherlands. It has around 400 members, 18 local and 2 provincial councilors and one member in the Senate. Netherlands clearly does not contain a two-party system. In order for a country to be considered a two-party system it must contain continual competition between different political parties, example "the two-party form exists in nations such as Germany, where competition between the Christian Democratic and Social Democratic parties is continual"(Grolier) Some of the strengths of a Two-Party system are majority rules, cyclical electoral regularities, and the political parties, of necessity, are umbrella parties embracing virtually every element of the society. In a Two-party system there is always a majority which rules, which some theorists say legitimizes all the constitutional actions of a political party because they are acting and governing on behalf of the majority. Under Cyclical electoral regularities citizens are given the opportunity to vote against the current majorities rule if dissatisfied with their governance. For example President Clinton is voted out office after seeking re-election, due to the dissatisfaction of voters on issues relating to gun-control. Thirdly Two-party political systems can claim to speak on behalf of the general welfare of a country. Due to the fact that Political party leaders are forced address demands, and develop and propose plans's of action in order to be elected.
Two party systems differ in many aspects, first are where many small parties exist that are highly competitive and represent very particular points of

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view, "such as communist, fascist, Catholic, Protestant; and where no one of the parties is large enough to command a majority of the vote or a majority in the legislature"(Grolier) A political party system remains in office, only if it is capable of avoiding strong political issues. Another differing aspect of multi-party system and two-party system is political party system may be able to obtain a strong majority and the minority may be divided amongst various political party systems, which causes multi-party system to resemble a One-Party system. This aspect suggests it would be possible for a Political Party to rule with about half of the majority of votes.
From the end of World War II until December 1958, the Netherlands was governed by coalitions in which the Labor and Catholic parties predominated. From 1958 to 1994, governments were formed from center-right coalitions of Christian Democrats and Liberals, with the social-democratic-oriented Labor party usually in opposition. In 1994 for the first time since World War II, the Christian Democratic Appeal lost its stronghold on Netherlands government. It was replaced by People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, which in 1998 continued to increase its majorities while the CDA suffered losses. Although the Christian Democratic Appeal, clearly has dominated between the period after World War II, it has been overrun by People's Party for Freedom and Democracy.
As aforementioned Netherlands has many political parties. These political parties divide minority votes into various parties. Although these political parties do not have the majority control, they still offer a vehicle for voters who are dissatisfied with majority leadership's party. There role can have important impacts on any given election. For example although the U.S does not have a multi-party system, it's political system is severely impacted by independent, and groups such as the Green Party headed by Ralph Nader. These particular parties can divide up the boat in such a way it affects the majority's election. In order to obtain election, this may cause majority group leaders to pay particular attention to the issues and platforms of minority groups. In some cases majority leaders may need to develop and propose plans for dealing with minority party issues.

In the Netherlands in the field of multiculturalism, still many prejudices about immigrants.
Integration of racial and ethnic minorities into the social and cultural mainstream remains a difficult domestic issue. Discrimination on the basis of race or nationality is prohibited by law, and those who believe that they have been victims of discrimination may take the offender to court under civil law. According to the Criminal Investigation Service, the number of incidents of violence against foreigners and ethnic minorities has increased in recent years.
The two major immigrant groups whom are discriminated against are the Turks and Moroccans.
Immigrant groups face some de facto discrimination in housing and employment. Concentrated in the larger cities, immigrants suffer from a high rate of unemployment. The government has been working for several years with employers' groups and unions to reduce minority unemployment levels to the national average. As a result of these efforts in recent years, the rate of job creation among ethnic minorities has been higher than among the general population.
The percentage of minorities in Netherlands is less than 2%, the rest of the population is overwhelmingly Dutch. This country is strongly divided among racial, and regional lines, which is the reason why Netherlands has had to step in and establish regulations which protect the countries minorities.
In 1996, immigration did become a political issue the government responded by tightening the criteria for immigration, however the countries policy still remained generous. "Further immigration measures were presented to parliament in November 1997. "They demand that those arriving to settle in the Netherlands (whether or not they hold a Dutch passport) take a language and literacy assessment and, if necessary, receive language tuition, as well as lessons in social assimilation and career guidance"(www.axt.org)
The most anti-immigrant forces in Netherlands are the far off right wing political groups such as 'Centrum Democraten'. The far right parties characterize immigrants as the main beneficiaries of the country's welfare provisions, and are also against asylum seekers.

Here are sources http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/netherlands/index.html#pol
http://freedomhouse.org/survey99/country/neth.html
http:

//www.axt.org.uk/antisem/archive/archive1/netherlands/netherlands.htm



Bibliography:

http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/netherlands/index.html#pol
http://freedomhouse.org/survey99/country/neth.html
http:

//www.axt.org.uk/antisem/archive/archive1/netherlands/netherlands.htm
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