J.F.K.

J.F.K.

Length: 434 words (1.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
J.F.K.


1917-63, 35th president of the U.S. (1961-63); son of Joseph P. Kennedy; brother of Robert Francis Kennedy and Edward Moore Kennedy (see KENNEDY, family); b. Brookline, Mass. After enlisting in the U.S. navy in World War II, he served with distinction as commander of a PT boat in the Pacific. He was a Democratic congressman from Massachusetts (1947-53) and in 1952 won a seat in the U.S. Senate. The next year he married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier (see ONASSIS, JACQUELINE BOUVIER). Kennedy narrowly lost the Democratic vice presidential nomination in 1956 and in 1960 won the party's presidential nomination. He defeated Republican Richard NIXON, becoming at 43 the youngest man to be elected president. His domestic program, the New Frontier, called for tax reform, federal aid to education, medical care for the aged under Social Security, and the extension of civil rights. Many of his reforms, however, stalled in Congress, and foreign-affairs crises occupied much of his time. He was much criticized for his approval for the abortive BAY OF PIGS INVASION (1961) of Cuba. In Oct. 1962 U.S. reconnaissance planes discovered Soviet missile bases there. In the ensuing CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS, Kennedy ordered a blockade of Cuba and demanded the removal of the missiles. After a brief and tense interval, the USSR complied with his demands. The next year the U.S. and the Soviet Union signed a limited treaty banning nuclear tests. Kennedy also increased the number of U.S. military advisers in South Vietnam to about 16,000 (see VIETNAM WAR). He established the Alliance for Progress to give economic aid to Latin America and created the PEACE CORPS. He also pressed hard to achieve racial INTEGRATION in the South. On Nov. 22, 1963, Kennedy was shot and killed in Dallas, Tex. Vice Pres. Lyndon JOHNSON succeeded him as president. The WARREN COMMISSION, appointed to investigate the assassination, concluded that it was the work of a single gunman, Lee Harvey Oswald. In 1979, however, the House Select Committee on Assassinations, relying in part on acoustical evidence, concluded that a conspiracy was likely and that it may have involved organized crime.





Bibliography:



ABC NEWS SPECIAL ; ABC Special Report PETER JENNINGS, PETER JENNINGS; 09-10-1998 Size: 74K

ABC NEWS SPECIAL ; ABC Special Report PETER JENNINGS, PETER JENNINGS; 12-04-1997 Size: 74K

Hope Fades in the Search for John Kennedy Jr., His Wife and Sister- In-Law, CBS ; 60 Minutes (CBS) Dan Rather, Morley Safer, Mike Wallace, John Roberts, Bob Orr, Elizabeth Kaledin, Richard Schlesinger, Andy Rooney; 07-18-1999 Size: 42K

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"J.F.K.." 123HelpMe.com. 30 Mar 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=134464>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

JFK JR. / LOST AT SEA / A Prince, but Also a Populist / Under glare of public, modesty, sense of spirit ; Newsday Fred Bruning; 07-18-1999 Size: 13K

LIFE OF JFK JR. ; ABC 20/20 JAY SCHADLER, BARBARA WALTERS; 07-18-1999 Size: 12K

The Present and the Past John Kennedy, with the title editor-in-chief, breaks a long silence ; Newsday Martha Sherrill; 09-11-1995 Size: 21K

ON THE COVER: THE DARK SIDE OF CAMELOT John Kennedy's former lover Judith Campbell Exner tells at last of being the President's courier to the Mob ; People Kitty Kelley | Copyright (c) 1988 by H.B. Productions and Lisa Folino; 02-29-1988 Size: 29K

A Nation Says Good-bye to John F. Kennedy Jr., CBS ; 48 Hours (CBS) Dan Rather, Erin Moriarty, Richard Schlesinger, Anthony Mason; 07-22-1999 Size: 13K


Return to 123HelpMe.com