Essay PreviewMore ↓
In 1808 Simon Fraser, employed by the Northwest Company, made his way across the Rockies and came down what is known now as the Fraser River to the Columbia. The next to come along was David Thompson, who was also employed by the Northwest Company. He too crossed the Rockies and made his way to the Pacific Ocean by way of the Columbia River. He reached the ocean in 1811 and found an American fur-trading company. This was the Pacific Fur Trading Company. It was the first permanent Euro-American settlement at Astoria.
John Jacob Astor found the American Fur Company in 1808, The Pacific Fur Company in 1810 and the South West Company in 1811. He was the first millionaire in American history.
Astor loaded a ship called the Tonquin with everything needed to sustain his fort on the Columbia. It sailed in September, 1810 under Captain Jonathan Thorn. The ship arrived in March, 1811. Astor also sent an overland party led by Wilson Price Hunt. The party departed from St. Louis in September, 1810.
Although the fort at Astoria seemed to be doing quite well when Thompson arrived, it was actually quite fragile. Supplies came few and far between. The men were driven by starvation. This led them to establish the Willamette Post to relieve some of the pressures. When the war of 1812 broke out the partners in the field at Astoria were afraid of their post being seized. In 1813 they sold out to the NorthWest Company.
In 1814 the Treaty of Ghent helped to end the war with Great Britain. The Americans thought that this meant that they still held claim to the Oregon country. In 1818 Captain James Biddle declared American possession of both shores of the estuary at the Columbia River.
In 1821 the North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company merge. The new name was the Hudson's Bay Company because it was the older of the two. The Hudson's Bay Company's only concern was profit. To make the investors happy and ensure return on their money, the directors in London named George Simpson to superintend field operations. Simpson named Dr. John McLoughlin to serve as Chief Factor. Simpson and McLoughlin started what they called the brigade system. The mission of the brigade system was to eradicate the fur-bearing animals of the region. By doing this, they planned to an area with no furs so that Americans would get discouraged and turn back.
How to Cite this Page
"The Oregon Fur Trade." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Aug 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Oregon Coast runs from north to south along the Pacific Ocean. Oregon is three-hundred and sixty miles long and two-hundred and sixty miles wide, making it the ninth largest state. Oregon is bordered by California and Nevada on the south, Washington on the north, Idaho on the west and of course, the Pacific Ocean. Oregon's nickname is the Beaver State because in the nineteenth century beaver skins were very valuable to trappers in the area. The longitude in Oregon is 116 45W to 124 30W.... [tags: essays research papers]
1717 words (4.9 pages)
- Does the use of fur in fashion need to stop, or does the fur trade serve a need. Fur is the oldest form of clothing and it has been worn by humans for varies of reasons through out history; its natural appearance, texture, fashion, color and snow does not melt during outdoor activities. So is the usage of fur need to stop. The answer is yes, its unethical and it is cruelty to animals and there is just no reasonable justification. Fur is the oldest form of clothing and it has been worn by humans for varies of reasons through out history.... [tags: PETA, faut fur, fashion industry]
972 words (2.8 pages)
- If killing animals to get their furs is not difficult enough, workers in the fur industry still have to go through many other complex processes in order to create a flawless coat that can be sold in the market. Back in 1949, a peak year of fur production, there were at least 642 manufacturers across Canada and some have even less than 10 employees. Fur work was dominated by Eastern European Jewish immigrants at the time and because the demand of fur was so high, the owners of those manufactures were try to recruit as many experienced workers (preferably male) as possible to make the most profit for themselves.... [tags: Fur, Fur clothing, Fake fur, Fur farming]
1411 words (4 pages)
- Ms. Harrison run into little Timmy- her neighbor, seven years old- one Saturday morning at the store wearing her brand new fur coat. Little Timmy, surprised by the size of the thing asked Ms. Harrison what that was. She said it was her very expensive coat that she bought the other day hoping that little Timmy was going to admire her good taste in fashion. When little Timmy asked what was that made from, she replied “fur” hoping that he was not going to be able to put the pieces together, but when little Timmy asked “Fur, from who.... [tags: fur, fashion, death,]
1581 words (4.5 pages)
- Could you imagine going school clothes shopping, walking into Abercrombie & Fitch or Hollister, and seeing a normally 60 dollar sweatshirt for about 200 dollars. Well this is what it was like for the people who were also into the popular clothing back in the 1800s where fur was “the thing”. Due to the furs’ amazing qualities, the poor animals were over hunted because there were no game management laws. The beaver and otter furs were in such a high demand that their population went down and the competition went up.... [tags: U.S. History]
1393 words (4 pages)
- Aboriginal women had occupied an essential position in the fur trade of the North American region from its birth during the 17th and 18th centuries. Even though this is true, the role of women, especially those of the Native American society, has been ignored a great deal in the entire history of fur trade. Contrary to the belief that the whole fur trade activity was only male-dominated, it very much depended upon Native women and their participation and labor in order to ensure survival as well as economic success.... [tags: Interracial Marriage, Pemmican]
2974 words (8.5 pages)
- The first company to set up a trading post on the Pacific Northwest coast was the Pacific Fur Company. John Jacob Astor, a wealthy New York fur merchant, decided to organize the Pacific Fur Company to open up the unexplored territory west of the Rocky Mountains. Astor's fur enterprises were well established east of the Rockies. He hoped to gain control over the entire American fur trade. In September, 1810, two parties, representing Astor's Pacific Fur Company, set out to establish the first trading post on the Columbia River.... [tags: Economics]
1419 words (4.1 pages)
- The French Fur Trade Beginning in the mid sixteenth century, French explorers were able to establish a powerful and lasting presence in what is now the Northern United States and Canada. The explorers placed much emphasis on searching and colonizing the area surrounding the St. Lawrence River “which gave access to the Great Lakes and the heart of the continent”(Microsoft p?). They began exploring the area around 1540 and had early interactions with many of the Natives, which made communication easier for both peoples when the French returned nearly fifty years later.... [tags: essays research papers]
916 words (2.6 pages)
- The Fur Trade Period in the Indian Territory Images of rough faced, Grizzly Bear fighting, firewater drinking, yarn spinning, frontiersmen form in the minds eye. Wild men for wild times. To a degree this image is true, but the fur trade was more than wild men. The fur trade was a business, conducted by businessmen. The wilder men living on the frontier chose trapping. Fashion created the fur trade as businessmen sought to satisfy the tastes of designers and customers back east and in Europe, where furs and hides were necessities for fashionable clothing and accessories.... [tags: Papers]
832 words (2.4 pages)
- The Oregon Trail The Oregon Trail was a very important aspect in the history of our country’s development. When Marcus and Narcissa Whitman made the first trip along the Oregon Trail, many Americans saw a window of opportunity. The Oregon Trail was the only practical way to pass through the Rockies. Pioneers crammed themselves into small wagons to try to make it to the unsettled land; however, 10% of these pioneers died on the way due to disease and accidents. The journey along the Oregon Trail was a very long and rough experience.... [tags: History Historical Oregon Trail Essays]
627 words (1.8 pages)
In 1820, Hall Jackson Kelley noticed the success of the Hudson's Bay Company. He began to promote the colonization of the region. He printed pamphlets that talked about the region's potentials, which would make Americans rich if they would settle in Oregon. Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth responded to this but when Kelley's colony failed he started the Pacific Trading Company to help develop Oregon. Wyeth's competitors were too strong. The American Fur Company had command on the fur trade in the Rockies and the Hudson's Bay Company had command on the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest. In 1836 he gave up.
By the 1840's the fur trade was beginning to decline. The change in fashion was a big part of this decline. Men's hats made of beaver pelts were no longer in style. Furs were no longer abundant or cheap.