Essay PreviewMore ↓
Internal and External Conflict in 1984
The book, 1984 by George Orwell, is about the external conflict between Winston Smith and Big Brother; and the internal conflict between the two ideas, democracy and totalitarianism. Orwell wrote the novel to show society what it could become if things kept getting worse: he sensed of the expansion of communism when he wrote the novel. The conflict between democracy and totalitarianism at the year of 1945 created two characters, Winston Smith and Big Brother, in orwell's mind. Big Brother is the embodiment of all the ideals of the totalitarian party. In contrast to Big Brother, Winston Smith keeps the idea of democracy emphasizes freedom, he has to hide his own thought because the Big Brother's party will punish him by death if the party finds it out. George orwell criticizes of Big Brother's society by describing it as a dark and a gloomy place. It warns that people might believe that everyone must become slaves to the government in order to have an orderly society, but at the expense of the freedom of the people.
The conflict between Winston and Big Brother starts from the beginning of the novel when Winston begins to keep his secret diary about Big Brother. Winston Smith is a third-nine years old man who is a member of the 'outer-party'--the lower of the two classes. Winston works for the government in one of the four main government buildings called the ministry of Truth where his job is to rewrite history books in order for people not to learn what the past used to be like. Winston's occupation is the major factor which lets him to realize that Big Brother is restricting people's freedom. However, Winston keeps his complains about Big Brother and the party for his own secret because the party will not allow anyone keeping a rebellious thought. The tension between them gets serious when Big Brother becomes suspicious of Winston. Winston is therefore watched by O'Brien, an intelligent execute at the 'Ministry of Truth', who is a member of the 'inner party'--the upper class. Without doubting Big Brother's trap, Winston shares his ideas with O'Brien. O'Brien mentions a gentleman named Emmanuel Goldstein whom he claims to know the leader of the rebels against the party. O'Brien also promises to help winston, and promises him a copy of Goldstein's book. But O'Brien betrays him as Big Brother has planned.
How to Cite this Page
"Internal and External Conflict in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Sep 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- George Orwell’s 1984 features a society corrupted by government dictatorship. The protagonist Winston Smith experiences an internal conflict with recalling his childhood, as well as an external conflict with the Party, illuminating the moral of the novel as a whole by characterizing what may occur if a government such as the one in 1984 ever took control. In the novel, Winston demonstrates how the freedom included in his earlier years continuously haunts him and leads him to commit crimes that eventually land him in prison where perpetual torture becomes a norm.... [tags: Nineteen Eighty-Four, Totalitarianism]
983 words (2.8 pages)
- The Hell of Nineteen Eighty-Four. ). Did Orwell realise quite what he had done in Nineteen Eighty-Four. His post-publication glosses on its meaning reveal either blankness or bad faith even about its contemporary political implications. He insisted, for example, that his 'recent novel [was] NOT intended as an attack on Socialism or on the British Labour Party (of which I am a supporter)'.(1) He may well not have intended it but that is what it can reasonably be taken to be. Warburg saw this immediately he had read the manuscript, and predicted that Nineteen Eighty-Four '[was] worth a cool million votes to the Conservative Party';(2) the literary editor of the Evening Standard 'sarcasticall... [tags: essays research papers]
7763 words (22.2 pages)
- Internal and External Violence Specific time periods, such as World War II, and the Post-Civil War era bring to mind images of hate, death, and violence. Not solely external violence or violence that is carried out, such as murders, war, or blatant displays of violence such as those in Ellison’s Battle Royal, but internal violence as well. Internal violence is more about the mind, a violence of emotion, though internal violence is closely linked to external violence. They are linked not only because external violence causes internal violence, but also because of the reverse.... [tags: Violent Violence Internal External Essays]
1473 words (4.2 pages)
- The act of dying is quite simplistic, whereas the concept of death is overly complex. For this reason, it is a common theme for novels and articles to include. Death is not only inevitable, but it is also relatable. Almost everyone will experience the death of another person, pet or plant. So, incorporating some variation of that within a text will instantly give a connection to its readers. Of course, the perused death may be sorrowful, but it is often the emotions and reactions from spectator that intrigue readers.... [tags: Suicide, Death, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Life]
1260 words (3.6 pages)
- External and Internal Factors There are many external and internal factors that impact the planning functions of management. We must all be mindful of these factors because they could have an enormous impact on organizations productivity. The process of assessing the external and internal factors that an organization will face can be vital to the planning function of management. One must determine a set of issues and constraints and then list the assumptions that will impact the implementation of the plan.... [tags: External Internal Factors Management Essays]
1045 words (3 pages)
- George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four portrayed a fictional character named ‘Big Brother,’ whom acted as the enigmatic dictator in a totalitarian state (Orwell, 1949). In the society where every citizen is under the surveillance of ‘Big Brother,’ most conform to the rulings and orders of the authorities out of fear, with the exception of a few. In 1971, Daniel Ellsberg, a former United States military analyst employed by the RAND Corporation, instigated a national political controversy when he released the top-secret Pentagon Papers to The New York Times (Bean, 2014).... [tags: 1984 the novel, government surveillance]
1156 words (3.3 pages)
- This essay will examine the methods of both physical (external) and mental (internal) control measures which were utilised to maintain order over the citizens of Oceania in the novel Nineteen Eighty Four. Included in the essay will an analysis of; surveillance in the novel (The Panopticon), power and language, propaganda and history, and torture and violence. Oceania is under control of a Totalitarianism form of government, meaning the government subordinates all aspects of society, and requires complete subservience to the state.... [tags: Propaganda, Power]
1164 words (3.3 pages)
- Casablanca and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) How can a hero survive in a world gone mad? Both Casablanca, the classic 1940s film, and 1984, a piece of classic literature by George Orwell, revolve around a world in chaos, where it is impossible to trust anyone, and a war wages on within and without. In 1984, the protagonist, Winston, hides from a totalitarian, thought controlling government, that is out to stomp out all aggression against the Party. In Casablanca, the lead character, Rick, dealt with a world rocked by the impacts of World War II, where everyone was a spy, and even the spies were spied on. Both wish for hope and courage in their mutually exclusive worl... [tags: Nineteen Eighty-Four 1984 Essays]
906 words (2.6 pages)
- The Struggle in Nineteen Eighty-four (1984) In a world controlled by a higher power, constantly living in fear of doing or saying something wrong, thoughts can be incriminating. Even worse, any unpure thoughts may make you disappear. Constantly being watched, and observed without knowing. A telescreen watching every facial expression and recording any abnormal body language and movement everywhere you go. Even in your home there is no escape. You are unable to get away or turn off the power of the Telescreen and "Big Brother".... [tags: Nineteen Eighty-Four 1984 Essays]
856 words (2.4 pages)
- State Defined Reality in George Orwell's 1984 Reality can have a more fluid and complicated definition than we might realize. Instead of being a concrete ability to see 'black-and-white' differences between ideas and basing beliefs on outside evidence , a person's conception of reality might accommodate contradicting beliefs, reject and ignore truth when convenient, or embrace concepts seemingly preposterous in a 'sane' world. A postmodern work of fiction allows for the shifting and changing of reality, thus giving the audience an alternate reality to compare to the perceived reality outside the work.... [tags: Nineteen Eighty-Four 1984 Essays Orwell]
1648 words (4.7 pages)
The conflict between Winston and Big Brother reaches its climax when Winston is caught and taken to a place "where there is no darkness", which are brought bright underground rooms where criminals are taken to be interrogated. Winston gets tortured mentally so badly that by the end of the novel he loves Big Brother, and cannot think a single thought without the permission of the party. O'Brien is called 'teacher' and responsible for Winston's reform. The torturing 'lecture' by O'Brien is long and slowly kills Winston's spirit. From then, Winston has no liberty and freedom in his mind, and also he exists for the party, not himself: he just becomes one of Big Brother's victorious reforms.
Orwell himself creates a conflict with totalitarianism by criticizing the ideas' of the party, and describes the society as very dark place. In Orwell's 1984 there are three sentences which are obviously paradoxes summing up what the party of totalitarianism stands for, and they are:
"War is Peace"
"Freedom is Slavery"
"Ignorance is Strength"
Orwell who prefers democracy criticizes these sentences as 'non-logical'. There are a evidence which proves that the totalitarian idea makes no sense. For example, the sentence, "Ignorance is Strength", is written to keep the party's slogan--"who controls the past, controls the future.". As stated at the second paragraph of this essay, the party rewrites history books in order for people not to learn about the past. In other words, the party basically removes any evidences about existence of democratic system, so common people cannot even think about liberty and freedom. If people finds out about the true past, then Big Brother will not be able to control future because he did not control the past. Also Orwell presented the evil minded party which tries to keep the steady power of the upper classes including the leader. Notice the sentence, "War is Peace". The society in 1984 are consisted of three totalitarian 'superstates' which are Eurasia, Eastasia, and Oceania. All of these states are in a constant state of war with one another. The reason of this war is vague. However, it is their feeling that as long as a constant state of war is prevailing, the people will be only concentrated in the war effort: people will not think about the problems of their political system. At least each state does not have worry about troubles such as revolts within the states. Another evidence which proves that Orwell is criticizing totalitarianism is that he describes their society as "dark, gray drab jungle."
In 1984, George Orwell shows a political parable which is based on political warning signs he saw in the mid-twenty century by creating conflicts between Winston and Big Brother. Big Brother's victory over Winston represent orwell's serious concern about threats of the totalitarian power. From his work, readers who live in prevailing democratic society can have a chance to consider about these very different political systems, democracy and totalitarianism.