Essay PreviewMore ↓
Rome was not always the great empire that people believe it was. In the beginning it was a kingdom, then it turned into a republic. Republic itself is translated means " the public thing". Rome was built on the seven hills of Palatine, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine, and Capitolline on the left side of the river. In the Republic the patrician class controlled the government but over time the plebians (common people) began to take control.
The executive branch Roman government was led by the rules of the Cursus Honorum. These were the rules that controlled when a person would move to a higher office. You were required to wait ten years before serving a second consecutive term. To advance to a higher office you had to serve five years in your present office. To become consul one would have to hold the offices of Quaestor, Aedile, and Praetor. The above offices were held by at least two men. Members of higher offices could veto the actions of lower members of the magistrates.
The consuls were the most powerful members of the Roman Republican government. The consuls had imperium power, this meant that they had power over life and death. The consuls had control of the army and the armies his allies. One consul member could veto the action of his partner if he felt necessary. The consuls controlled senate could also call them to session at anytime, which they did infrequently.
The Praetor were the magistrates who were presided over the judicial subjects. They controlled law and foreign people in Roman provinces. When a Praetor's term was up he could be given command of the military or become the Praetor of a Roman territory.
An Aedile is the equivalent to a modern day mayor. They controlled the city utilities. They also were responsible for the moral of the population that they controlled. If the moral was low they were required to have a festival of some sort to keep the people happy, because happy people make money.
How to Cite this Page
"The Roman Republic." 123HelpMe.com. 21 Jan 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Abstract “The Conflict of the Orders, also referred to as the Struggle of the Orders, was a political struggle between the Plebeians (commoners) and Patricians (aristocrats) of the ancient Roman Republic lasting from 494 BC to 287 BC, in which the Plebeians sought political equality with the Patricians. It played a major role in the development of the Constitution of the Roman Republic. Shortly after the founding of the Republic, this conflict led to a secession from Rome by Plebeians to the Sacred Mount at a time of war.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Republic, Roman Empire]
958 words (2.7 pages)
- Because aristocratic families in ancient Rome did not want a government dominated by one ruler, they overthrew the king to avoid losing their own power and established the Roman Republic in 509 B.C. In this new government, the idea was that an entire community of people would take part in the government. Though it was to include all citizens, it was dominated by the patricians: the elite, noble and upper class of Rome, with the plebeians (anyone who wasn 't a patrician) bringing up the rear. Structurally, this government consisted of patricians, who would be in the highest seats of the government, such as consuls and senators, and the plebeians, with a lesser say in government matters and... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Republic, Patrician]
740 words (2.1 pages)
- Wright describes the First-Century-Storm, in the centre of which Jesus found himself, as a steady gale, a high pressure system and a great cyclone merging simultaneously in Jerusalem. The gale that blew in from the far west was Rome. More specifically, it was the new superpower of Rome created by a self-serving and arrogant Julius Caesar, who was uninterested in staying true to the centuries old way of Roman rule. He craved absolute power, fancied himself divine and regal and stirred such an outrage in Roman citizens who were dedicated to keeping with tradition, that it led to his own assassination.... [tags: Roman Empire, Augustus, Roman Republic]
912 words (2.6 pages)
- When one thinks of the Roman Republic one cannot help but think of the Roman Senate. The Senate was supposedly created by Romulus who was the mythical first king of Rome who may or may not have existed. (notes) At this point the Senate had very little power and was simply an advisory body of 300 senators. (notes) The senators were referred to as patres (fathers) and made up the patrician class. (notes) In 509 bc the last king of Rome was overthrown by the Senate. The Senate then took responsibility for defending Rome.... [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]
1161 words (3.3 pages)
- When one thinks of the Roman Republic one usually thinks of the Senate and possibly the positions of consul and dictator but Rome contained many different offices and assemblies with different functions and powers. The Senate was supposedly created by Romulus who was the mythical first king of Rome who may or may not have existed. (notes) At this point the Senate had very little power and was simply an advisory body of 300 senators. (notes) The senators were referred to as patres (fathers) and made up the patrician class.... [tags: Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Ancient Rome]
1738 words (5 pages)
- As Rome conquered more people, it started to develop problems political, economical, and socially. The expansion of the Roman military created social conflicts and tension to the existing political institutions that was unable to be managed. The early Roman republic was an aristocracy before Caesar was elected consul. The Roman republics were facing shortage of money to pay for the legions, did not have a police force, and the rich people were buying their way into the senate. Legions were considered to be more loyal to their generals than they were in the republic.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman Republic]
1666 words (4.8 pages)
- The Late Roman Republic had internal turmoil in 133 BC due to the economic stagnation in the urban area of Rome caused the Roman Republic’s government underwent a violent transition from an inefficient oligarchy to a reliable dictatorship government. Among varying issues that attribute to such a transition, political infighting and the rise of private army are the most responsible ones because it is the easiest way to capture a fortress is from within, which is fixed by Augustus by use his political reform and his military reform for the empire.... [tags: Roman Empire, Roman Republic, Ancient Rome]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- Augustus Caesars success Before there was an Augustus Caesar or even Julius Caesar in charge of Rome, there was the Senate, which held most of the power in the Roman Republic. Around the time of 60 B.C.E. Rome was growing and so was the military and the senate was not able to control them, thus leading to a civil war which consisted of three generals: Julius Cesar, Pompey, and Crassus. Needless to say Crassus died in battle and the senate sided with the general Pompey then told Julius Caesar to leave and disband his army.... [tags: Julius Caesar, Roman Empire, Roman Republic]
841 words (2.4 pages)
- “He is said to have been tall of stature… except that towards the end.” What was it that really led to the fall of the Roman Republic. There are a lot of different factors to consider when trying to determine what caused the collapse. By examining The Rubicon, The Life of Julius Caesar, and some accompanying handouts from class, this paper will discuss how the Roman Republic did not collapse because of one factor. The collapse of the Roman Republic was like that of a game of Jenga. Factors were pulled out of the Republican system just like a game of Jenga until the Republic could not stand anymore.... [tags: Julius Caesar, Roman Republic, Augustus, Cicero]
1655 words (4.7 pages)
- Starting in the mid-second century BCE, the Roman Republic was struggling because the senate continually placated the consul, and patriotic figures like Cicero were hopeful that the republic and its values would triumph over the political strife. Furthermore, new politicians like the Gracchus brothers were trying to reform a republic that heavily favored tradition and its elite. In the midst of this, Julius Caesar rose to power and was assassinated. The century-long culmination of attempted reforms, factions, power-hungry leaders, and ideological divisions justified the killing of Julius Caesar as the Roman Republic was too entrenched in its problems to implement needed political reforms.... [tags: Roman Republic, Julius Caesar, Ancient Rome]
1001 words (2.9 pages)
The Quaestor was elected to his position after serving as a military tribunate. There job was to control finances and keep public records.
Tribunes were the lowest branches of government and these men dealt with the people more than anyone else. They were supposed to protect the lives and property of the people.
The censor was elected every five years to tally the total number of people in his province and to sign up new citizens. These men where more powerful then Aediles, but the influence they had on the rest of the government was great because they were usually ex-senators.
The legislative branch of government had three citizen assemblies. The Curiate was based on the ancient Roman tribes. They were men at least fifty years old and were elected for life. It had little power but allowed aging men to continue to serve in government. The centuriate assembly was the most important assembly. They were the highest court in the land and were in charge most of cases involving capitol punishment. There were 118 members of this assembly and they were all of the top three of nine social classes. The main role of the centuriate was to declare war, and to pass laws. The tribal assembly was made up of wealthy villa owners from the area around Rome. The tribal assembly's main role was to pass law, because it was easier for the thirty-five members of the tribal assembly to meet then the one hundred eight-teen centuriates.