Essay PreviewMore ↓
James Charles Stuart was born on June 19, 1566 at Edinburg Castle in Scotland. His father, Lord Darnley, was murdered in 1567 before young James was one year old. His mother, Mary Queen of Scots, subsequently ascended to the Scottish throne. Her reign, however, was short lived and she was forced to relinquish in favor of her son on July 24, 1567. Little James was crowned King James VI of Scotland five days later at the tender age of 13 months. James' mother, Mary, was imprisoned in England by her cousin Queen Elizabeth and 19 years later, in February of 1587, was executed for her part in the conspiracy to assassinate Queen Elizabeth. King James never knew his mother.
Like many monarchs of the time, King James was raised by neither his father nor his mother but rather by tutors. Of his four tutors, perhaps one of the most influential was George Buchanan, a Calvinist. It was under Mr. Buchanan's strict teaching methods that King James became one of the most intellectually curious men to ever sit on any throne. Mr. Buchanan was 64 years old when he began tutoring the young king. He learned Greek, Latin, history, composition, arithmetic cosmography, dialectics, rhetoric, and of course theology. King James spoke fluent Greek, Latin, French, English, and Scots and was schooled in Italian and Spanish. The King once remarked, that he could speak Latin before he could speak his native Scots. King James typically did not need a translator when conducting business with other heads of state. James learned well and grew into an excellent author. The Cambridge University Press notes that the King's writings were among the most important and influential British writings of their period.
King James began to rule his native Scotland when he was 19 years old. In February of 1424, a couple of years later, he took Anne of Denmark as his queen. He loved his wife and wrote beautiful poetry for her. Together they had nine children: Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (1594-1612), Child (1595 Stillborn), Elizabeth, "The Winter Queen" (1596-1662), Margaret (1598-1600), Charles I, King of Britain (1600-1649), Robert Bruce (1602), Son (1603), Mary (1605-1607), and Sophia (1606).
King James' great aspiration to be the first King of both Scotland and England was realized in 1603 upon the death of Queen Elizabeth. When he attained the English throne he had already been king of Scotland for 36 years.
How to Cite this Page
"James Charles Stuart." 123HelpMe.com. 16 Dec 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The trial and execution of King Charles I was a process that contained many changes for the English nation in early 1649. The nation’s issues with Charles Stuart did not begin in the last year of his life; however, it began long before January 1649. The king at the time came from a monarchy and was above the law as ordained by God. Others saw this, as stated in his charges at the trial, that he had conceived “a wicked design to erect and uphold in himself and unlimited and tyrannical power to rule according to his Will, and to overthrow the Rights and Liberties of the People.” Charles’ own indignation of his place in the law created issues within England, dividing the nation politically and... [tags: Charles I of England, English Civil War]
1743 words (5 pages)
- King Charles I of England had to overcome many physical difficulties before and after he became king. Their decisions on the throne while many people affected. Religious beliefs is a major focus in time on the throne, refused to compromise in situations of religious and political complexity leads to civil war. Controversy surrounding him during the trial and its implementation. King Charles I led a normal life, but interestingly, affects many people, even in his death. The second son of James VI of Scotland and Anne of Denmark, Charles was born in Fife, Scotland on November 19, 1600 (Introduction).... [tags: Charles I of England, James I of England]
1015 words (2.9 pages)
- John Stuart Mill was a very intelligent man, who not only was a great economist of his time, but he was also a philosopher, scholar, author and a political scientist. He was the “most influential English-speaking philosopher of the 19th century.” (John Mill, 1) John made a huge impact on the world. He contributed many ideas and beliefs to society. John Mill was a man of many talents, and he had the courage to hold beliefs that most people did not agree with. Biographical Information John Stuart Mill was born on May 20th, 1806.... [tags: utilitarianism,economist, 19th century philosopher]
1036 words (3 pages)
- The Roles of Charles Stuart and John Pym in Parliaments Victory of the English Civil War On August the 2nd 1642 King Charles the 1st raised his standard at Nottingham. The English Civil War had begun and it lasted from 1642 until the King’s execution at the beginning of 1649. One could argue that it was actually two separate Civil wars, fought between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists. The first war beginning in 1642 and ending in 1646 when the King was captured, and then the second from 1647 after the Kings escape, to 1648 when he was again defeated and captured.... [tags: Papers]
1517 words (4.3 pages)
- John Stuart Mill was a very intelligent man, who not only was a great economist of his time, but he was also a philosopher, scholar, author and a political scientist. John Stuart Mill was born on May 20th, 1806. He was born in London, United Kingdom. His father was the historian and economist, James Mill. His mother was Harriet Barrow. He started learning Greek when he was only 3 years old, and Latin at 8 years old. Mill’s father met Jeremy Bentham in 1808. They lead the “philosophic radicals” movement.... [tags: Biography, Philosophy]
522 words (1.5 pages)
The Roles and Leadership of Charles Stuart and John Pym in the English Civil War from August 1642 to December 1643
- The Roles and Leadership of Charles Stuart and John Pym in the English Civil War from August 1642 to December 1643 On August the 2nd 1642 King Charles the 1st raised his standard at Nottingham. The English Civil War had begun and it lasted from 1642 until the King’s execution at the beginning of 1649. One could argue that it was actually two separate Civil wars, fought between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists. The first war beginning in 1642 and ending in 1646 when the King was captured, and then the second from 1647 after the Kings escape, to 1648 when he was again defeated and captured.... [tags: Papers]
3226 words (9.2 pages)
- Once the King of England, Scotland, as well as Ireland, and the second son of James VI and Anne of Denmark, King Charles I was born in Scotland on November 19,1600 and died January 30, 1649 by the hands of execution. Even at a young age King Charles was granted power as Duke of Albany at his own baptism. However he did not stop there soon after in 1605 he was proclaimed Duke of York. King Charles was not perfect though, from and early age he suffered from weak ankle joints which in return affected his physical growth.... [tags: england, scotland]
948 words (2.7 pages)
- Charles I was born in Fife Scotland on 19 November 1600, being the second son of James VI of Scotland and of Anne of Denmark. He became king because of the death of his brother, Prince Henry, in 1612. He was the second Stuart King of England, in 1625. Charles was reserved, self-righteous and, had a residual stammer. As king he believed in the divine right. He was a linguist and spent a lot on the arts. He had a great collection of Van Dyck's, Rubenss, Raphael's, and Titian's. His expenditure on his court and his picture collection greatly increased the crown's debts.... [tags: reign, accomplishments, failures]
1107 words (3.2 pages)
- Charles I Rulers of European countries during the 17th century had almost unlimited autonomy over their respective countries. They were the head of government in all respects, and all decisions were eventually made by them. However, along with this autonomy came responsibility in the form of the people. If the decisions of these rulers did not improve the country, the possibility existed that their power would be either curbed or taken away by the people. As ruler of England in the early 17th century, Charles Stuart believed strongly in absolute power and a king’s divine right to rule.... [tags: Essays Papers]
2612 words (7.5 pages)
- In selecting James Joyce's Ulysses as the best novel of the twentieth century, Time magazine affirmed Joyce's lasting legacy in the realm of English literature. James Joyce (1882-1941), the twentieth century Irish novelist, short story writer and poet is a major literary figure of the twentieth-century. Regarded as "the most international of writers in English¡K[with] a global reputation (Attridge, pix), Joyce's stature in literature stems from his experimentation with English prose. Influenced by European writers and an encyclopedic knowledge of European literatures, Joyce's distinctive writing style includes epiphanies, the stream-of-consciousness technique and conciseness.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1104 words (3.2 pages)
As a Scotsman ruling over the English, the King endured much racism and slander, especially from the once powerful English Lords and Ladies who he replaced with his Scottish countrymen. The religion was also an enemy of King James. Papists (as King James called them) attempted to assassinate him a number of times. Most notably, in 1605 Roman Catholic Guy Fawkes attempted to blow up Parliament when the king was to have been present. The conspiracy was discovered and all coconspirators were executed. King James was an evangelist of the true gospel, which automatically made him an enemy of Rome. Despite this, King James the VI of Scotland and I of England was a highly successful King.
As a lover of the theater, King James became patron to the troop of one of his most famous subjects- William Shakespeare. Shakespeare's troop became known as the King's Men. Shakespeare and the King held a special relationship as they both loved literature. The arts flourished under the reign of this intelligent king.
Another little recognized fact is that King James the VI and I is the founding monarch of the United States. Under his reign, we have the first successful colonies planted on the American mainland. The King himself ordered, wrote, and authorized the Evangelistic Grant Charter to settle the Colony of Virginia.
Not only was King James the first monarch to unite Scotland, England, and Ireland into Great Britain, but he commissioned what many consider to be the greatest piece of religious and literary work in the world- the Authorized King James Version of the Bible. King James gave his subjects the greatest gift he could, which was the Holy Bible so that they could be saved and fed by the Word of God. In January of 1604, the King called the Hampton Court Conference in order to hear of things "pretended to be amiss" in the church. At this conference, Dr. John Reynolds requested a new translation of the Bible because those that were allowed during the reigns of Henry the VIII and Edward the VI were corrupt. The King loved the idea and by July of 1604 the King had appointed 54 men to the translation committee. These men were not only the best linguists and scholars in the kingdom but in the world. The translators were organized into six groups. They spent most of their lifetimes in the pursuit of God and knowledge. Some wrote foreign language dictionaries, they commonly debated in Greek, translated and edited great works, and wrote their own. They not only knew the Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek biblical languages but also the related languages such as Arabic, Persian, Coptic, Syriac, Latin, Chaldee, Spanish, French, Italian, and Dutch. These men were not only world class scholars but also Christians who lived holy lives as Deans and Presidents of major universities such as Oxford, Cambridge, and Westminster. Some prayed 5 hours a day.
Their translation work did not go without opposition. According to the translator's notes in the preface of the King James Bible, the Catholic religion was dead set against translating the Bible into the common tongue. Despite the opposition of the Catholic religion, the work continued and the end product was nothing short of miraculous.
Though King James had a life filled with accomplishments, he was a man acquainted with grief. He was a sickly man who had physical handicaps in his legs and a tongue that was too large for his mouth. As a result of his unsteady gait, the king had numerous falls, accidents and injuries. He suffered from crippling arthritis, abdominal colic, gout, inability to sleep, weak and spastic limbs, nausea, and kidney pain. Some believe that he may have had congenital diseases of the nervous system. Sometimes the pain was so great that the king became delirious. To add to his ill health, the king suffered from depression from the loss of his beloved wife Queen Anne in 1619. Their eldest son, Prince Henry, preceded her in death in 1612. The King was no stranger to pain and sorrow. The sun set on King James the great monarch on March 27, 1625 at Theobolds Park in Herts, England. He was 59 years old when he died and was buried at Westminster Abbey. Unlike many Scottish monarchs, King James died in his bed at peace with his subjects and foreign countries. He also passed Royal power on, intact, to an adult son, which was also quite unusual. Though he died almost 400 years ago, the King's legacy, the King James Bible continues to flourish and to bring men, women, boys and girls to a life-saving knowledge of Jesus Christ.