Essay PreviewMore ↓
Defining optimism and redefining the philosophies of the fictional Pangloss and the non-fictional Leibniz, Candid embarks on a mishap journey. From the very onset, Voltaire begins stabbing with satire, particularly at religion.
Candide, which has been credited the base for the book and movie Forrest Gump, features a main character teeming with naiveté. Pangloss says all is for the better and Candide lives by this edict with unaltered optimism. Faced with death and fatigue, Candide is befriended only to be enlisted in the Bulgarian army. Escaping death a few more times, he sees the pains of war and masks the pain with philosophy.
Sails are set for Portugal and James, the Anabaptist, dies trying to save his enemy. Voltaire’s satire on religion is seething as he writes Pangloss’ rationalization for James death. Attempting to show the world absent of evil in order to confirm the existence of a perfectly good, omniscient, omnipotent God, they end up creating convoluted justifications for horrific events.
The earthquake in Lisbon, a true event, illustrates yet more satire on the church. Auto-de-fe is the Catholic response to catastrophe, and Voltaire takes a shot at religion here. Innocents are superstitiously hanged to prevent earthquakes, so Voltaire pens another earthquake on the very day of this “act of faith.” Pangloss is hanged for his innocent speech, which the church has convoluted, and Candide is flogged simply for listening with "an air of approbation."
The Grand Inquisitor's relationship with Conegund is another attack on religious hypocrisy. He uses the threat of an auto-de-fe to frighten Don Issachar into allowing him to fornicate with Conegund. As the Grand Inquisitor it is his duty to enforce Christian doctrine, and he abuses that power to commit grievous sin. Voltaire’s satire slapped Christian institutions with that note only to follow it with the stealing of Conegund’s jewels. In this case it is a Franciscan sworn to a life of poverty that steals Conegund’s wealth.
Perhaps the most interesting satire on religion is the utopia Voltaire creates in the hidden kingdom.
How to Cite this Page
"A Critical Analysis of Candide by Voltaire." 123HelpMe.com. 17 Nov 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The story of Candide, “Eldorado” and what the meaning is, has been one of debate as to what Voltaire was interpreting in the story by some authors. The scene of Eldorado is the visual philosophy of Voltaire’s thoughts of what an ideal society would be. It is a land of richness and where there is a state of being equal in status, rights, belief, and opportunity; it is free of greed, claiming titles or importance, religious strife or contention, and there is no suffering (Mason 55). Eldorado also brings the reader’s attention in its scene to show the bad fortune of realities of cultures beyond its land.... [tags: Literary Analysis]
2016 words (5.8 pages)
- Voltaire “Candide or Optimism” was written in the enlightenment era. Voltaire story is published in The Norton Anthology of Western Literature. Voltaire’s character, Pangolss, is a philosopher who teaches about God morals. Pangolss is also a mentor to Candide, who is the main character of the novel. Candide has a good heart but is also feel s very hopeless in life. Pangloss takes Candide under his wing and teaches him that “best of all possible worlds.” The enlightenment movement is seen closely in Voltaire writing style on page 378.... [tags: voltaire, enlightment era, candide]
1336 words (3.8 pages)
- The true meaning of “Eldorado” in Voltaire’s Candide has been debated for some time. The scene of Eldorado is the visual philosophy of Voltaire’s thoughts of what an ideal society would be. It is a land of richness and where there is a state of being equal in status, rights, belief, and opportunity; it is free of greed, claiming titles or importance, religious strife or contention, and there is no suffering (Mason 55). Eldorado also brings the reader’s attention in its scene to show the bad fortune of realities of cultures beyond its land.... [tags: Candide, Eldorado, Voltaire]
2476 words (7.1 pages)
- Savagery is when people revert back to their lost human instincts and is often found in situations where people are under extreme circumstances. Savagery can be found in literature especially in the novels Chronicles of a Death Foretold and Candide. Though, both authors are from different time periods and cultures, both utilize the concept of savagery in both their novels, to present problems in their specific societies. The novel Chronicles of a Death Foretold by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, tells the murder of Santiago Nasar by twin brothers in a small Colombian town.... [tags: Literary Analysis]
1473 words (4.2 pages)
- Francois-marie Arouet, known as Voltaire lived in an age of turmoil. Born in a middle-class family in Paris, Arouet witnessed general public in state of crushing poverty while French aristocracy governs with strict law relentless hierarchy. Meanwhile, the Enlightenment movement spread across Europe and spurred challenges of intellectual ideas, human equality, basic rights, etc. The movement emphasized importance of objectivity and scientific reasoning. Such a mixed environment lent Voltaire multifaceted knowledge of the society.... [tags: woment, french aristocracy, poverty]
1054 words (3 pages)
- ... The book Candide, written by voltaire follows the life of a man named Candide who travels through Europe and South America. During his travels Candide experiences and witnesses many sufferings; the Lisbon earthquake, corporal punishment, murder, death, love loss, and so on. Candide was believed that “all was for the best” since the beginning of his life due to his mentor Dr. Pangloss. Although Candie was suppose to be an extreme optimist, it was hard for Candide to stay true to his beliefs as he continued on his unfortunate journey.... [tags: Voltaire, Candide, Optimism, Age of Enlightenment]
850 words (2.4 pages)
- A Freudian Analysis of Voltaire's Candide In Civilization and its Discontents, Sigmund Freud refers to the important role that love plays in the world of Man. Love certainly plays an important role in Voltaire's Candide; throughout Candide's journeys, a constant factor is his love for Lady Cunegonde and his desire to be with her. Freud writes "the way of life which makes love the centre of everything [...] comes naturally to all of us," (Freud, p. 29). Candide's love for Cunegonde is the driving force of his life from the moment they are parted at the beginning of the novel until they are bonded in marriage at the end.... [tags: Candide Voltaire Freud Essays Papers]
1635 words (4.7 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide Character Analysis Voltaire's Candide seems to display a world of horror, one filled with floggings, rapes, robberies, unjust executions, disease, natural disasters, betrayals and cannibalism. Pangloss, the philosopher, has a constant optimistic view throughout the entire novel even despite all of the cruelty in the world. While looking back on the book I couldn't think of many characters that displayed admirable qualities. Even though Pangloss stuck to his views that everything is for the best in this best of all possible worlds, which is admirable, he is stupid and naive to still believe this after everything he and his family goes through.... [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays Papers]
1423 words (4.1 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide Voltaire uses many writing techniques, which are similar to that of the works of Cervantes, Alighieri, Rabelais and Moliere. The use of the various styles shows that, despite the passing of centuries and the language change, certain writing techniques will always be effective. One common literary technique is the author's use of one or more of his characters as his own voice to speak out the authors own views on certain subjects. For instance, in Moliere's Tartuffe, the author uses the character of Cleante to speak out against religious hypocrites: "Nothing that I more cherish and admire than honest zeal and true religious fire.... [tags: Voltaire Candide ]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide Voltaire, whose real name was Francois Marie Arouet, was a man whose cynical style of writing brought attention upon himself, both in the positive aspect and in the negative. Francois associated himself with a group of politically power-hungry people who held a frantic hatred against the duke of Orleans. He was wrongly believed to have printed two libelous poems that defaced the duke and due to the false accusation he was imprisoned in the Bastille.... [tags: Voltaire Candide]
1025 words (2.9 pages)