Effects of Child Abuse on Psychological Development

Effects of Child Abuse on Psychological Development

Length: 1106 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓

Most people do not know how to cope with abused children. I became interested in this topic because when I was a teenager I had a friend who was abused by her stepfather and I didn’t know how to help her. I would like to know how children’s psychological development is affected, and how we can help these children cope with their misfortune. The most common effect is that maltreated children are, essentially, rejected. These destructive experiences impact on the developing child, increasing the risks for emotional, behavioral, social and physical problems throughout life. The purpose of this paper is to outline how these experiences may result in such increased risks by influencing the development of the child’s psychology.

Psychological Development
Child abuse is not a new problem. Each year in the United States alone, there are over three million children who are abused or neglected by their parents or caregivers. Many are brutally beaten and permanently injured. Child abuse has been a problem that has existed through out history and in recent years many researchers have begun dealing with this issue. There is a variation among researches on their approach to the topic. Child abuse is not only the mental or physical injury it is also sexual. These kinds of abuses harm the child’s mental and physical health. The emotional and psychological effects of maltreatment may be far more harmful to the well being of the child than the apparent physical injury. Many studies indicate that abused children are at increase risk of becoming like their parents and repeating the abusive pattern of child rearing to which they were exposed (national committee for prevention of child abuse 1983).
Background
Child abuse and neglect has recently become the focus of attention of all prevention centers and organizations for children care. Mistreatment of children has existed through history. Children are unable to protect themselves of physical abuse. They have been abandoned, terrorized, beaten, killed and sexual abused. A major portion of the literature of my review focused on child abuse has dealt with the personality characteristics of the abusive parent and the abused child rather than focus on the psychological damage sustained by the abused child.

When we think of a “family” in a typical setting around the fireplace we may picture a beautiful and calm environment where everything is perfect. The reality here in this domestic tranquility is when we realize that the concept of “family” is the most frequent place of all types of violence (Gelles, 1979).

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Effects of Child Abuse on Psychological Development." 123HelpMe.com. 28 Mar 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=130748>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Effects Of Child Abuse On Children Essay

- Abuse in child can differ from physical, emotional, mental, sexual and neglect. The effects of child abuse vary between children these effects can be long lasting. Some of these problems can be psychological such as anxiety, depression, academic problems in school, withdrawn and difficulty connecting with others, and can even experience flashbacks and post-traumatic stress. They also have physical effects such as bruises, sprains, fractures, poor hygiene and inappropriate dress. Children living in an environment that is full of fear and violence develop poor coping skill some of these coping skills can be eating disorders, drug use risky sexual decision and self-harm....   [tags: Child abuse, Abuse, Psychological abuse]

Research Papers
992 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Emotional And Emotional Effects Of Emotional Abuse

- Emotional abuse is considered to be any act including confinement, isolation, verbal assault, humiliation, intimidation, infantilizing, or any other treatment which may diminish the sense of identity, dignity, and self-worth (Healthy Place, 2012). Emotional abuse is also known as psychological abuse or chronic verbal aggression. Emotional abuse can happen to anyone at any time in their lives. Children, adolescents, and adults all are capable of experiencing emotional abuse. Just because emotional abuse doesn’t come with physical marks doesn’t mean this type of abuse should be taken lightly....   [tags: Abuse, Bullying, Psychological abuse, Child abuse]

Research Papers
1243 words (3.6 pages)

The Effects Of Child Abuse On Children 's Social And Mental Development Essay

- Introduction. Child abuse is a doing by a parent or someone who takes care of the child that brings about emotional harm, physical injury, or even death. In America, more than 3 million cases of child abuse are reported annually. Physical abuse refers to abuse when the caregiver or the parent causes an intentional physical injury to a child. Sexual abuse takes place when an adult is involve in sexual relations with a child or he involves a child in sexual acts. Emotional mistreatment takes place when a person who is takes care of the child harms the child’s social and mental development....   [tags: Child abuse, Abuse]

Research Papers
777 words (2.2 pages)

The Effects Of Child Abuse On Children Essay

- The effects of child abuse are infinite. The hurt, pain and trauma abused children go through is just a small part society actually sees, but it affects all of us. Damaged lives can be seen in people of all ages and in all outlooks of life. As a whole, society is affected by child abuse in both positive and negative ways. Early American cultures did not consider child abuse a crime. In fact, children were often told what they needed to do, and if they did not follow orders, they were beaten. Child abuse is when a parent, caregiver, or guardian fails to act, causing injury, emotional harm or risk to a child, and in severe cases, death....   [tags: Child abuse, Psychological abuse, Abuse]

Research Papers
764 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on The Effects Of Emotional Abuse On Children

- Every year, there are close to a million incidents of psychological child abuse (As quoted by Mufson, page 4). Psychological abuse is an attack on one’s self-esteem and self-confidence which in turn damages their emotional and mental stability. Emotional abuse severely affects children in many different aspects of their lives. The two types of emotional abuse, can be present on their own or both together. When a parent psychologically abuses their child they never actually become satisfied with the child’s actions....   [tags: Psychological abuse, Child abuse, Bullying, Abuse]

Research Papers
1255 words (3.6 pages)

Types Of Child Abuse And Neglect Essay

- The abuse and mistreatment of children happens in every country, and within every corner of the world. No one is exempt, despite race, religion, and economical or social status. While abuse may be the worst in the developing world, no country is guiltless. There are many forms of Child Abuse and Neglect. First, i'd like to start by defining these and what they look like. Child Abuse and Neglect are defined distinctly within Federal and State laws. As in anything that happens to a children has to be informed to the agencies by law....   [tags: Child abuse, Abuse, Physical abuse]

Research Papers
766 words (2.2 pages)

The Effects Of Domestic Abuse On Children Essay

- Abuse occurs when people mistreat or misuse other people, showing no concern for their integrity or intent worth as individuals. There are different types of abuse, examples are, family abuse, neglect, and emotional abuse. On average, most children that grow up in an abusive home are most likely to become abusive towards their spouse and or kids. Family abuse can be the worse because it affects the whole family. Emotional abuse affects the inside and that can be mentally damaging. Most of the time, neglect abuse is not always intentional....   [tags: Abuse, Child abuse, Psychological abuse]

Research Papers
796 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on Mental Abuse And Emotional Abuse

- Mental abuse or also known as emotional abuse can hurt just as much as physical or even more in my opinion. I personally have witnessed and have been victimized by emotional abuse. When I was little around 3 or 4, my parents split apart because my dad would drink and cause commotions in our family. When they divorced and I got a little older, I was able to see him every weekend or every other. Whenever I would go to his house I remember having horrible nights, because he would start drinking around 5pm and I would be begging to go home....   [tags: Abuse, Bullying, Child abuse, Psychological abuse]

Research Papers
728 words (2.1 pages)

Emotional Abuse And Its Effects On A Person Essay

- Emotional abuse is defined by its devastating effects on a person. It is seen in the forms of domestic abuse, bullying, and child abuse. Research shows how someone who has been emotionally abused develops personality disorders, has low self-esteem, and even has suicidal thoughts. Although there has been research that provides a general idea of emotional abuse and its effects, the research should take a deeper look at how the smallest details affect someone. My position differs from those who claim they know the true definition of what emotional abuse is....   [tags: Child abuse, Psychological abuse, Abuse, Bullying]

Research Papers
996 words (2.8 pages)

Effects Of Physical Abuse On Children Essay

- Introduction Since birth children depend on adults to help them navigate and strive through life. These adults are supposed nurture and fulfill the child’s needs of basic necessities such as shelter, food, clothing. For some children this does not happen. Instead of providing children with love some adults and caregivers, non-accidentally, inflicts trauma or physical injury on a child, giving us the terms “physical child abuse” or “battered child syndrome.” In 2013 there were approximately 679,000 cases investigated for child maltreatment and/or neglect....   [tags: Child abuse, Physical abuse, Psychological abuse]

Research Papers
1711 words (4.9 pages)

According to many researchers and organizations the cradle of violence is the family. Psychologist believe that the root of violence rest with the family. Violent parents cause violent children who became violent parents all too often (Domestic violence, 1978).
In the psychologist aspects of abuse it has been the abusive parent it has been the parent who has receive the primary attention. This seems understandable from the vantage point that when confronted with cases of child abuse, professionals feeling the immediacy of stopping parents from injuring their children, wanted to understand the adult’s dynamics in order to then find the appropriate therapeutic interventions.
The studies that have looked at abusive parents from a psychological viewpoint have shown them to be individuals with poor object relations, low self-esteem, and poor impulse control and as individuals who make use of defense mechanisms characteristics of an early developmental level. Another study reveals that the abused child from infancy and adolescence has the similar personality characteristics as the abusive parent. The abused children also suffer of poor object relations, impaired impulse control, low self-esteem and the use of defense mechanisms. In addition this children were seen as displaying difficulties with aggression, high anxiety states and difficulties in school adjustment and performance. The latter, it seems would result from interference in the child’s ability to sublimate or displace basic need and impulse gratification into more neutralized activities.

Abusive Parent
Many researchers have declared that the abusive parent major problem is his economy status in this case poverty, and the many environmental factors that could deteriorate the psychological condition of the abuser. Social, economic and demographic factors are irrelevant to the actual act of child abuse according to other researchers. They have claimed that child abuse is due to the deficiency of personality structure of the abusive parent. However these researches have agreed in the aspect of personality of the abusive parent. They suggest that the deficits of the abusive parent’s personality structure cause aggressive impulses that are expressed too liberally (Steele and Pollock, 1968).
Abusive parents had been described as immature, impulsive, dominant and rigid, also they have been isolated from families, they need some one to depend on and they had marital conflicts. Researchers like Steele and Pollock (1968) have found that abusive parents manifested impaired impulse control, poor self-esteem, and poor self concept they stated that parents treated their child as adults and they were unable to understand the different stages of development of their children. Abusive parents cannot be categorized as high or low in intelligence.


All investigators agreed that many parents had themselves been physically or emotionally abused and neglected as children by their parents. Abusive parents had been raised in the same manner and style in which they were raising their own children (Steele and Pollock 1968). In many studies the parents are viewed as emotionally powerless because of unfortunate experiences in their childhood. These abusive parents tend to react to their children by repeating their own personal experience of loneliness, lack of protection and lack of love. In a study of men and women Merrill (1962) developed a typology of the abusive parent. He identify three different clusters in which is characterized for the study of abusive mothers and fathers. A fourth cluster was also found for the abusive fathers only. Each cluster is a group of certain characteristics involving a psychodynamic. The firs cluster consisted in the characteristic of hostility and aggressiveness. This cluster includes parents who appeared to be angry at something or someone. Their anger was related to the every day problems and their internal conflicts. Their anger was easily stimulated, their angry feeling were rooted in early childhood experiences. In the second cluster the characteristics of the abusive parents were rigid, compulsive and show lack of warmth, lack of reasonable. The parents justify their abusive act as reasonable because it was the right thing to do. The mothers show strong rejection attitudes toward the child. Mothers believed that the child is responsible for all the trouble they had. Mothers first priority were their pleasures. They had the inability to feel love and protectiveness.

Return to 123HelpMe.com