Developing Antiviral Therapies to Cure HIV and AIDS

Developing Antiviral Therapies to Cure HIV and AIDS

Length: 512 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Developing Antiviral Therapies to Cure HIV and AIDS

When the disease called aids was first discovered to be a virus in the 80’s, many pharmacies prepared for this widely spread disease by stocking up on antibiotics. These antibiotics however, were only designed to treat bacterial infections. It was at this time that scientist discovered that this disease was actually caused by a virus and not bacteria. Because the AIDS virus was so widely spread it prompted scientists to search for a way to cure diseases that were caused by viruses. We have since been in the process of discovering antiviral therapies that would cure HIV which is the cause of AIDS. In doing so, we have not only tripped upon ways to treat AIDS we may have also discovered ways to treat other viruses too.
One of these new developments is called viral genomics
Which basically makes sense of the sequence of nucleic acids in a viruses genetic code. This order of nucleic acids form the code for viral proteins that are basically the working parts of the viruses and control the virus. With this information scientists are able to learn how the individual viruses are able to cause disease in humans such as AIDS. Once the virus is decoded, scientists are then able to use computers to compare the virus to other viruses. This allows us to identify molecules in the virus that are worth targeting. There are stages that every virus must go through in order for it to infect the cell. During these steps the virus is extremely vulnerable and can be disrupted by pharmaceuticals. The first stage of the virus undergoes is binding. Binding is when the virus attaches to the cell and allows the virus do what is called fusion . This is when the virus and the cell membrane fuse, allowing the virus into the cell. Once the virus is in the cell, it then uncoats itself freeing viral genes and enzymes. After the uncoating stage the virus then goes through the fourth stage, called reverse transcription, in this stage copies of viral RNA and DNA are produced. Once the DNA is copied it then enters the nucleus of the cell and undergoes what is called genome integration where the viral integrase splices viral DNA into cellular DNA. Once the cellular DNA is made, the cell then uses the new DNA as a template for reproducing the HIV RNA genome.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Developing Antiviral Therapies to Cure HIV and AIDS." 16 Aug 2018

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Combating HIV/AIDS in Developing Nations Essay

- Combating HIV/AIDS in Developing Nations During the course of the past three decades, the increasing role of globalization has illuminated numerous issues that were once considered to be merely regional. All over the world our economic, social and political issues have become increasingly interdependent. One of the many pivotal challenges facing the global community is halting and reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS. According to the 2011 United Nation Resolution on HIV/AIDS approximately 30 million people all over the world are living with HIV and “…over 7,000 new…” reported “…HIV infections occur every day…” Although globalization is often viewed negatively, we as a global community can util...   [tags: globalization, spread of hiv, history]

Research Papers
1296 words (3.7 pages)

Developing a Health Advocacy Campaign for HIV Stigma Reduction Essay

- My preparation for this assignment began with a review of the Healthy People initiative that was developed by the Department of Health and Human Services. There are many ongoing health issues that our healthcare system is currently dealing with. The Healthy People initiative is a set of goals and objectives designed to guide national health promotion and disease prevention to improve the health of all people in the United States (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2010). The population health issue I’ve chosen for my policy developing campaign is HIV stigma reduction....   [tags: HIV Stigma Reduction]

Research Papers
2741 words (7.8 pages)

Childhood Asthma: Developing New Therapies Essay

- Asthma is the leading cause of hospital admissions during childhood. Kumar and Robbins give an accurate definition of asthma as “a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and cough, particularly at night and/or early in the morning” (489). Asthma is a terrifying disease, especially in children, because of the sudden attacks that could claim lives if not treated immediately and effectively. Despite recent advancements in available drugs and overall therapy, the incidence of childhood asthma is rising (Dolovich 373)....   [tags: Medical Technology ]

Research Papers
4258 words (12.2 pages)

HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa Essay

- HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa Introduction Sub Saharan Africa has a very serious HIV / AIDS epidemic with millions of its people living with the disease. It has now become a human tragedy in many areas of the world, but most affected is sub Saharan Africa. It is no coincidence that the countries suffering most with HIV / AIDS are also the poorest. HIV / AIDS is now considered to be the single most important impediment to social progress to many countries in Africa .This report will analyse the current situation using up to date sources from articles, books and the World Wide Web....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

Free Essays
982 words (2.8 pages)

HIV Essay

- HIV Many eyebrows raised late in 1979, when the then unkown HIV virus raised its ugly head. The first two cases of the rare cancer, Karposis Sarcoma was diagnosed in two homosexual men in N>Y>C. About the same time in Los Angeles, several cases of the rare infection, Pneumocytis cariini pneumonia were being treated. Incidences of these strange diseases and infections were sky-rocketting around the country. The disease was effecting mostly young gay men in their 30's. There was no official name for the syndrome, but it was referred to by various names, GRID (gay related inmmune disease), Gay Cancer, and, "Community Acquired Syndrome"....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

Free Essays
1024 words (2.9 pages)

HIV Therapy Essay

- HIV Therapy When the FDA approved the Pill for marketing in 1960, it changed America forever. The pill was released without adequate testing. Within two years, 1.2 Americans were using it and by 1973 that number had risen to 10 million. In 1969 the book "The Doctors Case against the Pill" by Barbara Seaman showed people the dangers. By the end of the 70's, the FDA required physicians and pharmacists to hand out sheets on possible negative effect and complications (Kalb 20-36). The pills contain two hormones, estrogen and progestin....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

Free Essays
612 words (1.7 pages)


- HIV/AIDS No one can be certain about how or when the AIDS virus emerged. The closest related disease would be a simian immunodeficiency virus. This is where the suggestion arose that this disease was first contracted from a primate. It has also been thought that this once primate-only disease had evolved and somehow became transmitted to people. On June 5, 1981, the first report of AIDS hit the United States. The people weren't quite sure of what they were dealing with, so mistakenly, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention released an article concerning a strange outbreak of pneumonia within the male homosexual community....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

Free Essays
874 words (2.5 pages)

HIV Essay

- HIV People who inherit only one copy of a mutated gene that has an effect on HIV's ability to enter CD4 T-helper cells appear to be substantially less likely to become infected with the virus, according to a new report by researchers at New York University School of Medicine in New York City and collaborators at other institutions. Such a protective effect, if proven, falls far short of completely safeguarding individuals who carry a single copy of the gene mutation from the risk of HIV infection....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

Free Essays
420 words (1.2 pages)

HIV Essay

- HIV Like the majority of the American population I have lived in a cloud of ignorance about the HIV and AIDS crisis. I have never know anyone close to me that has been infected with either of the two viruses. So when the option to research something to do with sexuality arouse I felt this would definitely further my education about a lethal killer that is roaming this earth. Since I knew next to nothing about this topic I will start from the begging of the disease and discuss where it's at now....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

Research Papers
1857 words (5.3 pages)


- With reference to one animal or human disease, explain why its economic consequences can vary spatially. Introduction There are many diseases, which produce economic consequences and which can vary in their effect depending on location. Some are Tuberculosis (TB), Malaria, Ebola Virus and AIDs. Throughout this report I am going to focus on the AIDs virus. HIV is the Human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDs is the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which it causes. HIV is a slow retrovirus, which means that not only does it take months to show any symptoms and years to develop fully....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

Free Essays
1969 words (5.6 pages)

Once this occurs the cell then goes through protein synthesis where the cell uses HIV RNA as a template for synthesizing viral proteins. The next step is called protein cleavage where protease enzyme cuts long protein chain into individual proteins so it can be shipped back out of the cell as new viral particles. Now they are free to infect other cells using the same procedure each time.
With the use of antiviral scientists hope to disrupt the virus in any of the stages it must go through to infect the cell. If any of the stages were disrupted the virus would not be able to complete its task. Today most all of the antiviral treatments focus on HIV. This is widely due to the fact that is responsible for infecting more than 250,000 people a year in the U.S alone. Over a million in other countries. Clearly there is a very high demand for such a treatment and as the years go on even more people will be in search for this treatment. Although studies of antiviral therapies are not complete, it is safe to say we are on the brink of many new developments in the world of antiviral medications. Now that we are able to fully understand the genome of viruses we are surely going to be able to understand more about viral diseases , how to treat them and may even be able to prevent them.
“HIV infection worldwide has taken on gigantic pyramidal proportions. For every case of full-blown AIDS there are estimated to be 50-100 HIV positive asymptomatic individuals”. Clearly there is a need for a cure to this very deadly and widely spreading disease. To many, these new studies may offer some hope to the many individuals who have recently been diagnosed with HIV or any other viral disease. To say the least this is a gigantic step forward in the world of medicine.
Return to