Contributions to Science of Sir Isaac Newton

Contributions to Science of Sir Isaac Newton

Length: 493 words (1.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓

Sir Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire, England. Newton is clearly the most influential scientist who ever lived. His accomplishments in mathematics, optics, and physics laid the foundations for modern science and revolutionized the world.

Newton studied at Cambridge and was professor there from 1669 to 1701, succeeding his teacher Isaac Barrow as Lucasian professor of mathematics. His most important discoveries were made during the two-year period from 1664 to 1666, when the university was closed and he retired to his hometown of Woolsthorpe. At that time he discovered the law of universal gravitation, began to develop the calculus, and discovered that white light is composed of all the colors of the spectrum. These findings enabled him to make fundamental contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and theoretical and experimental physics.

Newton summarized his discoveries in terrestrial and celestial mechanics in his Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica (mathematical principles of natural philosophy) in 1687, one of the greatest milestones in the history of science. In it he showed how his principle of universal gravitation provided an explanation both of falling bodies on the earth and of the motions of planets, comets, and other bodies in the heavens. The first part of the Principia is devoted to dynamics and includes Newton's three famous laws of motion; the second part to fluid motion and other topics; and the third part to the system of the world, for example, the unification of terrestrial and celestial mechanics under the principle of gravitation and the explanation of Kepler's laws of planetary motion. Although Newton used the calculus to discover his results, he explained them in the Principia by use of older geometric methods.


Newton's discoveries in optics were presented in his Opticks in 1704, in which he elaborated his theory that light is composed of corpuscles, or particles. His corpuscular theory dominated optics until the early 19th century when it was replaced by the wave theory of light. The two theories were combined in the modern quantum theory. Among his other accomplishments were his construction of a reflecting telescope in 1668 and his anticipation of the calculus of variations, founded by Gottfried Leibniz and the Bernoullis. In later years, Newton considered mathematics and physics a recreation and turned much of his energy toward alchemy, theology, and history, particularly problems of chronology.


Newton was his university's representative in Parliament from 1689--90 and 1701--2 and was president of the Royal Society from 1703 until his death.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Contributions to Science of Sir Isaac Newton." 123HelpMe.com. 17 Nov 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=129513>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Contributions of Sir Isaac Newton Essay

- Isaac Newton was a well-known English scientist. He accomplished a lot during his time and influenced the world a great deal. He is considered to have contributed more to science than any other person. His life can be divided into three periods. The first one was his early childhood, he second was the time of his accomplishments, and the third is his later life. Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England. His family was poor and his parents farmed for a living....   [tags: Contributions of Isaac Newton]

Free Essays
930 words (2.7 pages)

The Endless Contributions of Isaac Newton Essays

- Sir Isaac Newton once said, “We build too many walls and not enough bridges.” Aside from his countless contributions to the worlds of math and science, this may be his most important quote because it is what he based his life on—building bridges of knowledge. Throughout his life he was devoted to expanding his and others knowledge past previously known realms. Often regarded of the father of calculus, Newton contributed many notable ideas and functions to the world through his creation of calculus and the various divisions of calculus....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Biography]

Research Papers
1448 words (4.1 pages)

The Contributions of Isaac Newton Essay

- Isaac Newton was an English Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Philosopher, Alchemist and a Theologian. He can be seen as one of the most influential men in history, as well as one of the greatest scientists ever lived, for all of his contributions, discoveries and hard work. He was very influential in the Sciences, many are tied together with one another; he also made a great contribution to Astronomy. Isaac Newton was born January 4, 1963 in Woolsthrope, Lincolnshire. He died March 31, 1727 in London....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]

Research Papers
1139 words (3.3 pages)

The Contributions of Isaac Newton Essay

- Of all of the early scientists of the scientific revolution I am most impressed by Sir Isaac Newton. Newton is important because he contributed more to the development of science than any other person in history. Isaac Newton is remembered as the greatest scientific genius who ever lived. His discoveries about physics, light, and mathematics changed the world. I am even more impressed by what he overcame to reach his goals. He came to surpass even his own expectations. I am more impressed with the man than with the discoveries....   [tags: Contributions of Isaac Newton]

Research Papers
834 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about The Contributions of Isaac Newton

- "Nature and Nature's laws lay hid in sight; God said, ' let Newton be', and all was light."-- Alexander Pope “Our society depends upon science, and yet to many of us what scientists do is a mystery” (Hall, 1992, p. XI). Sir Isaac Newton, English mathematician and physicist, was considered one of the greatest scientists in history. Without Newton’s contributions, the world would not be the same: modern technology such as computers and televisions would not exist; space and many others things would not have been explored....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Biography]

Free Essays
1328 words (3.8 pages)

The Contributions of Isaac Newton Essay

- Sir Isaac Newton was a profound mathematician and physicist, one of the primary scientificintellects of all time. For almost 300 years, Newton has been known as the leader in scientific achievements of modern physical science as well as mathematical research. Dedicated to learning and experimenting, Newton also plunged into chemistry, early history of Western Civilization and theology, and a concentration of special studies in forms and dimensions, which also included Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]

Research Papers
988 words (2.8 pages)

The Contributions of Isaac Newton Essay

- Sir Isaac Newton is considered by many people to be the greatest scientist that ever lived. He made key fundamental contributions to mathematics and physics. His revolutionary advances in math, optics, physics, and astronomy are bases for the principles we use today. A little known fact about Newton's legacy is that if you look in an encyclopedia of science, it will reveal at least 2 to 3 times more references to Newton than any other individual scientist. Newton was born on Christmas Day, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, England....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]

Research Papers
968 words (2.8 pages)

The Contributions of Isaac Newton Essay

- Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727), mathematician and physicist, one of the foremost scientific intellects of all time. Born at Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire, where he attended school, he entered Cambridge University in 1661; he was elected a Fellow of Trinity College in 1667, and Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in 1669. He remained at the university, lecturing in most years, until 1696. Of these Cambridge years, in which Newton was at the height of his creative power, he singled out 1665-1666 (spent largely in Lincolnshire because of plague in Cambridge) as "the prime of my age for invention"....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]

Free Essays
2173 words (6.2 pages)

The Contributions of Isaac Newton Essay

- In 1642 on Christmas Day an English mathematician, astronomer, and natural philosopher was born in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England. Baby Isaac was born so premature that is was said he could fit into a quart pot. Newton’s father who was a yeoman farmer died a few moths before Isaac was born. It was said that Isaac was to carry on the paternal farm when old enough. When Isaac was three his mother, Hannah Ayscough, married a clergyman from North Witham, the next village, and went to live with him leaving Isaac to live with his grandmother, Margery Ayscough....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]

Free Essays
839 words (2.4 pages)

The Contributions of Isaac Newton Essay

- Isaac Newton was born in 1643 in the town of Woolsthorpe, England. As a child and young adult, Newton showed signs of brilliance by inventing many things, such as a windmill powered by a treadmill run by a mouse. When Newton was 17 his mother called him from his studies in a neighboring town to come help on the family farm back in Woolsthorpe. After Newton proved himself to be an awful farmer, he returned to his studies and soon entered a University in Cambridge. It was here that he took a serious interest in science....   [tags: Sir Isaac Newton Essays]

Free Essays
703 words (2 pages)

He was made warden of the mint in 1696 and master in 1699, being knighted in 1705 in recognition of his services at the mint as much as for his scientific accomplishments.


Although Newton was known as an open and generous person, at various times in his life he became involved in quarrels and controversies. The most notable was his dispute with Leibniz over which of them had first invented calculus; today they are jointly ascribed the honor.






Bibliography:

"Sir Isaac Newton" Microsoft Encarta. Copyright © 1998 Microsoft Corporation.

Andrade, E. N. da C. Sir Isaac Newton. Greenwood Pub., 1979.

Bell, E. T. "On the Seashore: Newton." Ch. 6 in Men of Mathematics: The Lives and Achievements of the Great Mathematicians from Zeno to Poincaré. New York: Simon and Schuster, pp. 90-116, 1986.

Christianson, G. E. In the Presence of Creation: Isaac Newton and His Times. New York: Free Press, 1984.

De Gandt, F. Force and Geometry in Newton's Principia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Fauvel, J.; Flood, R.; Shortland, M., and Wilson, R. (Eds.). Let Newton Be! New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Return to 123HelpMe.com