Essay PreviewMore ↓
Growing international attention to the plight of the Roma in the Czech Republic is due in part to the country's efforts to join the European Union. European Union membership is conditioned on respect for human rights, in addition to fulfillment of economic and political criteria. Second, large-scale migration of Roma from the Czech Republic to Western countries, namely, Canada and the United Kingdom, has drawn the attention and concern of the international community.
Roma immigration to Canada and the United Kingdom began in 1997, after a Czech television program ran a story on the acceptance of Roma in these countries. More than 1000 requests for asylum, citing discrimination and violence in the Czech Republic, were filed by Roma between 1997 and 1998. Although the majority of asylum requests were denied, with only three out of 560 requests granted between 1997 and 1998 in the UK (US Department of State: "Czech Republic Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 1998"), the Roma continued in their attempts to emigrate.
While the attempted emigration of substantial numbers of Roma in 1997 and 1998 brought the issue of Roma rights onto the Czech political agenda, the EU Commission's 1999 Progress Report concluded that greater attention to the issue of the Roma in the Czech Republic had not improved their situation.
For example, in October 1999, a wall was erected to separate Romani and non-Romani residents in a district of the city of Ustí nad Labem. This action drew international criticism and a statement from Günter Verheugen, the EU's enlargement commissioner, who referred to the construction of the wall as a "violation of human rights" (Poolos, 21 October 1999).
Local residents insisted that it was not an issue of discrimination but rather a means of dealing with the loud noise and disorder coming from the tenement building. The "noise and hygiene barrier," according to city spokesman Milan Knotek, would separate the "decent people" from the "problematic community" of Roma (US Department of State: "Czech Republic Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 1998").
In response to the construction of the wall, Czech leaders including President Václav Havel and Pavel Zářecký, the deputy interior minister, immediately called for its removal. The wall was ultimately dismantled in November 1999. According to the EU Commission's 2000 Progress Report, not only was the wall removed but a state subsidy of CSK (Czech koruna) 3.6 million (approximately USD 88,000) was provided to purchase the houses of those citizens who initiated the construction process.
How to Cite this Page
"Roma in the Czech Republic." 123HelpMe.com. 29 Jan 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction According to the latest census in 2011 carried out by the National Statistics Office (2011) there were 105 738 Romas in Slovakia, which corresponds to the 2 % of the population as a whole. But this number is really distorting the reality. Carying out a survey on such a huge group of people, the whole country, has its disadvantages and issues. Over 7 % of the population has an unknown nationality, which is almost 400 000 citizens. The estimate of the project ATLAS of Roma communities in Slovakia (2013) the Roma minority comprises slightly over 7% of the whole population of the republic, which is about 402 000 persons.... [tags: geography, statistics, atlas of roma]
2090 words (6 pages)
- Czech Republic We just arrived in the Czech Republic; once part of the Holy Roman Empire and then the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, Czechoslovakia (as it was then known) became an independent nation at the end of World War I. The Czech republic is located North of Hungary, South of Poland, East of Germany, and West of the Ukraine and Russia. The capital of the Czech republic is Prague. The Czech Republicâ€™s exact position is - longitude, - latitude. Pragueâ€™s coordinates are longitude by latitude.... [tags: Czech Europe Essays]
431 words (1.2 pages)
- Czech Republic has gone through two major transformations in less than eleven years. In 1993, what was formerly known as Czechoslovakia, split into two separate countries. Both Czech Republic and Slovakia joined the European Union in 2004 along with eight other nations. Two EU policy issues that affected or continue to affect Czech Republic were the adoption of the euro and ratification of the Lisbon Treaty of 2009. Czech Republic’s president is anti-EU and this plays a significant role in showing that it is important who is in power.... [tags: European Union Essays]
2572 words (7.3 pages)
- My trip to Germany and the Czech Republic was very exciting. At first, I was not sure what to think about it. They are foreign countries and this was my first trip out of the United States. I did however think they would be much different from America. I knew that there would be many older buildings and castles in each country, since they are older than the United States. I also did not expect to see as many skyscrapers in these cities. I expected all of the cities to be beautiful and have a lot of unique architecture.... [tags: Art]
1050 words (3 pages)
- Business in US and The Czech Republic The purpose of this document is to present solutions and recommendations for Steve Kafka, an American of Czech origin and a franchisor for Chicago Style Pizza, who has decided to expand his business into the Czech Republic.... [tags: International Market Business]
1838 words (5.3 pages)
- Gypsies in the Czech Republic The Gypsies of the former Czechoslovakia have suffered ethnic marginalization dating back to their arrival in Eastern Europe over 700 years ago. The collapse of communism in Czechoslovakia, and other Eastern Europe countries created the necessary conditions for the ethnic mobilization of the Gypsies and other minorities. During communism minorities presence in Eastern Europe was not officially recognized. The transition from the socialist system to democracy gave the Gypsies of Czechoslovakia a chance to participate in the political process, to represent their interests and end their ethnic marginilization.... [tags: Papers]
2607 words (7.4 pages)
- Biography Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia, which is now a part of the Czech Republic. Freud was the first born of eight children, but he also had two step brothers from his Father’s previous marriage. His Father was married three times, the first two in which he was widowed. His third wife however was Freud’s mother, Amalia Nathanson. She was nineteen when she wedded his father who was thirty-nine at the time. Freud 's stepbrothers were the same age as his mother Amalia, and the older stepbrother 's son, which was Sigmund 's nephew, was his playmate growing up.... [tags: Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Carl Jung]
1318 words (3.8 pages)
- he Czech nation had gone through tremendous influences of the German culture due to the Habsburg Empire which, lead the Czech culture, language, and a sense of a Czechoslavakian identity to diminish gradually. In the late 18th century, the Czech national movement transpired, therefore the roles of history of the Czech culture had been the center focus in order to show that their nation had maintained their language, history, and culture regardless of the Germanization of the Habsburg Empire. The Czech nation-building required them to restore the history of their culture.... [tags: Culture, Family, Gender role, Czech Republic]
1707 words (4.9 pages)
- Post Communist Politics in Czech Republic Ten years after the revolution that brought down Communism in Czechoslovakia, the Czech Republic is still plagued by Leninist legacies that prevent it from transitioning fully into a successful liberal democracy. On the superficial level, it appears as though the Czech Republic is progressing well into the realm of a viable democracy. Its economy, thanks to the liberal policies of Vaclav Klaus, is arguably one of the strongest in the region. Its constitution mandates the rule of law that was so lacking under the Soviet hegemony, and its President is a man that has been dubbed by many to be a “philosopher-king,” one which was expected to lead hi... [tags: Papers]
1279 words (3.7 pages)
- The Cultural Challenges of Doing Business in Czech Republic Steve Kafka, an American of Czech origin and a franchisor for Chicago Style Pizza, has decided to expand his business into the Czech Republic. He knows it is a risky decision; when he became a franchisor, he had to overcome a lot of difficulties. Steve anticipates he will face some of these difficulties again at the new location in Prague, Czech Republic. Although he was born in the United States, he has family and friends in the Czech Republic, speaks Czech fluently, and has visited the country of his origin several times.... [tags: International Business Culture]
1230 words (3.5 pages)
Other evidence of discrimination against the Roma can be seen in the rising incidents of racially motivated crime in the Czech Republic. Between 1997 and 1998, the number of members of extremist groups doubled to almost 10,000 people. In addition, 133 racially motivated crimes, mainly against Roma, were committed in 1998 (EC Progress Report, 1999).
According to the Ministry of the Interior's 2000 "Report on Extremism," there was "a slight increase in the number of followers of extremist movements over the period 1998-1999." However, the increase in followers was significantly less than that reported in the previous year. The number of racially motivated crimes in 1999 also rose to 316, up from the 133 reported in 1998 (EC Progress Report, 2000).
Recognizing the increase in extremist followers and the rising number of attacks against Roma in the Czech Republic, the government took active steps to combat the growing problems. In December 1999, the Czech government initiated the country's first ever anti-racism campaign. The government offered not only verbal support for the project but also allocated CSK 10 million (approximately USD 245,000) from the state's budget to support the campaign (EC Progress Report, 2000).