Turkish Women and Change in the 20th Century

Turkish Women and Change in the 20th Century

Length: 520 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓

Gender segragation is always a major problem for Middle Eastern countries.

Things have changed a lot for Turkish women in the 20th century. After the reforms of

Atatürk, women had more rights than they had. These articles talk about the Turkish

women and change in the early 20th century. There are four issues that are discussed in

detail. First one is education. Second issue is legal reforms. Third issue is that whether

the rights given to women are fought for or given by the government. And finally, last

issue is that whether the rights were enjoyed equally by the entire female population or

not.

First issue is education which is an important institution for a country to

develop. Atatürk gave great importance to education. Zehra Arat states that "Kemalist

reforms were not aimed at liberating women or at promoting the development of female

identity" ( 58). She thinks that Ataürk gave importance to women's education to make

them better wives and mothers. What she differs from other writers is that she critices

Ataürk harshly. But she doesn't talk about Ataürk's adopted child Sabiha Gökçen who

was a pilot. If Atatürk was giving importance to education of women just because to

make them better wives and mothers, why would he let her own child to be a pilot? We

all can see that a women pilot can't be a very good mother. I think Zehra Arat should

have talked about that. Zehra Arat shows us that there were differences between the

curriculums of boys and girls. Girls were taught sewing, child care and courses like that

while boys were taught handiwork. She also states that "female students were carefuly

examined by their teachers" (71). These are very important points because we still see

that today in our schools, girls are more carefully controlled in some senses.

Second issue is legal reforms.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Turkish Women and Change in the 20th Century." 123HelpMe.com. 26 Feb 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=128031>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Europe During The 20th Century Essay

- Divergences in Europe during the 20th Century The time period through 1900-1999 has had a drastic impact on the European society. The years of industrialization, major and violent wars, and depression has all happened within this 100 year time frame. There has been a lot of buildup in the 18th and 19th century however the 20th century is when everything began to boom from this growing change. The argument I am posing is that, because of the First and Second World War, Europe is still facing a divergence to this day....   [tags: World War II, World War I, Adolf Hitler]

Research Papers
2397 words (6.8 pages)

19th Century Art Essay

- 19th Century Art During the 19th century, a great number of revolutionary changes altered forever the face of art and those that produced it. Compared to earlier artistic periods, the art produced in the 19th century was a mixture of restlessness, obsession with progress and novelty, and a ceaseless questioning, testing and challenging of all authority. Old certainties about art gave way to new ones and all traditional values, systems and institutions were subjected to relentless critical analysis....   [tags: Art History]

Research Papers
1241 words (3.5 pages)

The Development Of Early 20th Century Essay examples

- A Historical Analysis of the Development of Late 19th, 20th and 21st Century Marketing Initiatives, Strategies, Processes, and Trends This study will define the development of marketing history from the late 19th century to the early 21st century. The focus on the production and product orientation era will define the industrialization of products and the promotion of marketing through trends in radio and newspaper mediums. At the mid-20th century, the focus on “marketing mixes’ defines the theoretical practice of the Four P’s of Marketing, which allowed a broader spectrum evaluation of the marketing process, which was galvanized by the trend of the multi-medium platform of TV advertising...   [tags: Marketing, 21st century, 20th century]

Research Papers
1527 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Technology Has Made A Massive Improvement Since The 20th Century

- Technology has made a massive improvement since the 20th century. That improvement has accordingly had a huge impact in teenagers lives. Before cell phones became popular with in teenagers they communicated differently. Some ways teenagers communicated before cell phones was by using landlines and memorizing their best friend’s number (Alcanta, 2016). Unfortunately, this changed today in the 21st century. Now, most teenagers have smart phones that do everything teenagers had to do back then, teens no longer have to memorize phone numbers and spend time making a call to talk to their friends (Alcanta, 2016)....   [tags: Mobile phone, Adolescence, 20th century]

Research Papers
1208 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Technology Has Made Massive Improvements During The 20th Century

- Technology has made massive improvements since the 20th century. Those improvements have accordingly had a huge impact in teenagers’ lives. Before cell phones became popular within teenagers, they communicated differently. Some ways teenagers communicated before cell phones was by using landlines and face-to-face communication (Alcanta, 2016). Unfortunately, this has changed today in the 21st century. Now, most teenagers have smart phones that do everything teenagers have to do back then; teens no longer have to memorize phone numbers and spend time making a call to talk to their friends voice-to-voice, let alone face-to-face (Alcanta, 2016)....   [tags: Mobile phone, Adolescence, 20th century]

Research Papers
1174 words (3.4 pages)

1917 Russian Revolution Essay

- Russian Revolution Essay. Throughout history there have been many revolutions between the population of a country and its government. People always want change, usually in the directions of freedom, peace and equality and in the lead up to the 1917 Russian revolution; there were a variety of social, political and economic situations that all played their part. In the years leading up to the revolution, Russia had been involved in a series of wars. The Crimean war, The Russo-Turkish war, The Russo-Japanese war and the First World War....   [tags: social, political, economic, change]

Research Papers
1101 words (3.1 pages)

The Turkish Pogrom of 1955 and the Elimination of the Greek Minority of Istanbul

- This work is trying to investigate the Turkish Pogrom of September 6-7, 1955 and its impact on the Greek minority of Istanbul. I emphasized the case study approach, because I was focusing on a particular ethnic minority. The methodology that applied for this study had been chosen in order to obtain information about the economic and social ramifications of the events of September 6-7, 1955 on the Greek minority of Istanbul and the role of the Turkish Government and the Turkish Intelligence Service in planning, organizing and carrying out the Pogrom....   [tags: Turkish History, Government, Intelligence]

Research Papers
1757 words (5 pages)

Feminism : The Greatest Resistance Movements Of The 20th Century Essay

- Identified as one of the greatest resistance movements of the 20th century (Ortner 2013, p.530), feminism has made significant gains for women on a global scale. Feminist activism has been successful in achieving its many goals for women (Ortner 2013, p.530), particularly contesting gender equality and the oppression and subordination of women worldwide, improving opportunities for participation in education, workforce, political and economic environments (Bruns & Kaschak 2011, p.1). However, despite the gains of the women’s liberation movement in the 20th century, feminism today is widely perceived as being in crisis, with postmodern ideas challenging its core assumptions and an increase in...   [tags: Feminism, Feminist theory, 21st century, Gender]

Research Papers
1648 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Europe on the Brink of Change at the Turn of the 20th Century

- Europe on the Brink of Change at the Turn of the 20th Century By the turn of the 20th century Europe had undergone massive changes which had eventually pushed it into war. The main forces behind these changes were 1. Nationalism 2. Militarism 3. Imperialism 4. Socialism 5. Alliances 6. Unification These ideas and systems threatened the balance of power which caused a major war to break out. Nationalism is the feeling of loyalty shared by a group of people united by same language, race and culture; to express their loyalty to their nation, they attempt to unite themselves into a larger nation state with aspiration for independence...   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
1573 words (4.5 pages)

American Literature of the Twentieth Century Essay

- The country as it was in the early part of the twentieth century was shaped toward regenerating and recovering from World War I, the Great Depression, and a lot of other socially-crippling disruptions that were forever altering the United States in a lot of different ways. Some of the changes were good, and others were not so good. The spirit of loyalty and patriotism were alive and thriving in the air and in everyone's hearts, and the literature of that time greatly reflects the influence that this surge of patriotism brought upon the American peoples....   [tags: 20th century twentieth literature]

Research Papers
1371 words (3.9 pages)

Nermin Abadan-Unat states that "Atatürk

used legal reforms as a revolutionary tool to eliminate the traditional Islamic norms and

jurisprudence" (188). She also thinks that this is a kind of state feminism. Zehra Arat

critices Swiss code for "failing to establish full equality between the sexes" (63).

Zehra Arat states that "in addition to the civil code, unequal treatments of sexes can also

be found in the criminal and labor laws" (65). Kumari Jayawardena also talks about the

Swiss code, but she doesn't mention the missing points of the code like other writers do.

Cem Behar and Alan Duben state that "The Republican Code of 1926, a revolutionary

document from an Islamic ponit of view, gives the legal sanction of the modernists to the

traditional gender division of labor" (221).

Third issue is that whether the rights given to women were fought for or given

by the government. Nermin Abadan-Unat states that "the principal progressive changes

were not fought for but were given by the government in order to prove that, in granting

equal rights to women, the new Turkey was reaching a level of contemporary civilization

and was a symbol to the world" (Jayawardena 41). Nermin Abadan Ünat concludes that

"the major rights conferred on Turkish women were much more the result of unrelenting

efforts of a small evolutionary elite, rather than the product of large-scale demands by

Turkey's entire female population" (Abadan Unat 1981:12-13). In this point, Fatmagül

Berktay thinks that "although the changes were initiated by a modernizing male elite, and

although a significant women's movement was absent in the period, to say that the

initiative was entirely out of the hands of women underestimates the struggle women

waged for emancipation from the Tanzimat onward" (108).

Fourth issue is that whether the rights were equally enjoyed by the entire

female population or not. All writers here accept that the rights were not equally

enjoyed.
Return to 123HelpMe.com